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oa?aeoa?, oiaoi aiae?coaaeeny o? iiia?e aacao (53 i?ei??ieee),
a yeeo aoei cacaaeaa?au a?aiii i?i iayai?nou ?ioi?iao?? c oa-
iaoeee, ui aoea i?aaiaoii aine?a?aiiy.
Na?aa caaaeuii? e?eueino? iao?iiaeuieo aeaaiu (1372 i?ei.)
aoei cao?eniaaii 95 ioae?eao?e (6,9 %), i?enay?aieo aena?oeai-
i? ao?eaiiy a ?eooy i?ia?aie “A?o?eia i?aceaaioa Oe?a?ie —
a?oyi Oe?a?ie” oa caaaeui?e aeaaia?ei?e a?yeuiino? E. I. Eo?ie.
Caaaeii (a iao?iiaeuieo oa i?noaaeo CIE) aine?a?aiiy ca-
na?a?eei iayai?nou l48 ioae?eao?e, ye? noi?iaia?oaaeeny 114
oioia?ao?yie. Io?a, iiiaa 77 % iia?aiieaiu aoee i?i?e?no?i-
aai? a?coaeuii? ?ioi?iao???. (Aey ii??aiyiiy ii?aii iaaanoe
aai? aiae?co aena?oeaiiy a?ceoo i?aceaaioa Oe?a?ie ai Eaoei-
nuei? Aia?eee (A?aaioeie, A?acee??, ?ee?) 1995 ?.: eeoa 33 %
ioae?eao?e noi?iaia?oaaeeny oioia?ao?yie (anuiai aoei 55
noaoae ? iia?aiieaiu.)
?eui a?aooaaoe oaa?a?aiiy ineoieia?a, ui aeecuei 70 %
?ioi?iao?? a iicie e?aeie iio?aiey? naia ?a?ac e?anuea iei
(ca?ane e aieeaia?nou ? aa?eea?nou oaeaaa?aiiy oa oioiiiaa?),
o?aaa eiinoaooaaoe ia oie ?an a?euo aenieo aoaeoeai?nou aena?o-
eaiiy a?yeuiino? a?o?eie i?aceaaioa i??, aeania ea?o?e, na-
iiai i?aceaaioa Oe?a?ie (77 % i?ioe 33 %).
Aiae?co??e caaaeuiioe?a?inue? aeaaiiy, aa?oi i?ae?aneeoe,
ui ii e?eueino? oioi?e?no?iaaieo ioae?eao?e aiie i?ia?a?ou
i?noaaei aacaoai 56 i?ioe 115 a?aiia?aii. Ooo iio??aii a?aoo-
aaoe oie oaeo, ui aaeaei ia an? oaio?aeui? aeaaiiy ia?ou
aeanieo oioiei?aniiiaaio?a a ?aa?iiao, oi?a, aacia?a?ii, aiie

309
iiaee a ei?enooaaoeny oioia?ao?yie A?IAO — Oe??ioi?io, a
aaooi c a?ioiaeoeo — e a?aiia?aieie iaoa??aeaie ca?oa??ieo
?ioi?iaaaionoa.
Ia?aaa?ia a?euo?nou ioae?eao?e iao?iiaeuieo aacao (67 %)
iaea ?enoi ?ioi?iao?eiee oa?aeoa? ? aoea iicaaaeaia io?ii?-
ieo eaoaai??e. Io?a, ni?eeiyooy oaei? ?ioi?iao?? caea?eou a?a
?eoa?a: yeui a iuiai a?a noi?ioaaeany aoiea uiai e?aeie
?e iia??, oaea oi?ia iiaaiiy ?ioi?iao?? ia a ciic? aieeiooe ia
aaie?o?? eiai iiaeya?a.
?ioa ???, eiee a iaoa??ae? ? aaoi?nuea io?iea e?aeie ?e ii-
a??. C?icoi?ei, c i?iiaaaiaenonuei? oi?ee ci?o (ca oiia iiceoe-
aii? io?iee) oae? ioae?eao?? ia?ou iaea?euoo o?ii?nou.
O iaoiio aeiaaeo a ioae?eao?yo iao?iiaeuieo aeaaiu aoei
19 % iiceoeaieo ? 12 % iaaaoeaieo io?iie aeaaia?eii? a?yeuii-
no? a?o?eie i?aceaaioa.
I?noaa? aeaaiiy a iiceoeaiiio ieai? i?ieiiaiooaaee aeua-
caaaaio a?yeui?nou o 62 %, a a iaaaoeaiiio — eeoa o 9 % ioa-
e?eao?e.
Na?aa iao?iiaeuieo aacao a iaaaoeaiiio ieai? iaea?euoa a?a-
cia?eeeny e?a? aacaoe “Eiioi?no” (3 ioae?eao??) ? “Oiaa?eo”
(2 ioae?eao??). Ii iaiiio ?aco — “Eeaaneea Aaaiiinoe”,
“I?aaaa Oe?aeiu”, “Ca?eaei iaaaee”, “Aoeuaa?”, “Oe?a?ia
iieiaa”, “Ca a?euio Oe?a?io”.
O iiceoeaiiio ieai? iao?iiaeui? aacaoe eiiaiooaaee i?iaea-
io, ui aea?a?ouny, oae: “O?yaiaee eo?’??” — 5, “Eeaaneea
Aaaiiinoe” ? “Oe?a?ia iieiaa” — ii 4, “Caeii ? a?cian” — 2
?ace, “Anaoe?aeineea aaaiiinoe” ? “Oe?a?inuea aacaoa” — ii
iaiiio ?aco.
Iiaa?oa??enu ai e?eoe?ieo caoaa?aiu uiai a?yeuiino? a?o-
?eie oe?a?inueiai i?aceaaioa, aa?oi caa?iooe oaaao ia oae?
ieoaiiy:
• a?a?aea o?iainoaaiiy i?ia?aie: “?e ia c aa??aaii? ee-
oai??”;
• “ieoiioo oa iiiiaci?nou” a?aa?aei a?o?eii? i?aceaaioa
i?no oa ?aa?ii?a o ?aieao aeaaia?eii? i?ia?aie (caiaaoi aa-
eeeee ei?oa? c ?iicaiieo iaoei, ?eneaiia ioi?iia, ?a-
?ac yeo ia ii?ia ainooieoeny ai E?aieee Eo?ie “i?in-
oiio ia?iaia?”);
• i?eieceea?nou “oa?nueeo iiaa?ie” ia?iao;
• iiao ni?eeoaaiiy (?in?enuea);

310
• iaae?aaeoao?? i?noaaeo ?o?iae?no?a o noi?iaia? a?ceo?a (?a-
a?iiaeui? aacaoe);
• c?eao nai??aniiai i?iaaaaiiy aeoy?iai oanoeaae? “Aana-
eaa” (anaoe?a?inuea i?ana).
Iaaaaaii eiie?aoi? e?eoe?i? aeneiae o ioae?eao?yo.
Ca neiaaie iaiiai c ?eoa??a, iaoa i?ia?aie a?o?eie i?ace-
aaioa oa ?? aeaaia?eiino? — “oi? o??oa?ee i?aiyoe aaoi?eoao
Eaii?aa Aaieeiae?a”. Any ? aeaaia?eia a?yeui?nou aoea iacaaia
“cae?aei?n?iueei eeoai??noaii ? i?yeiai a?aiioaiiy ai iie?i-
oaiiy aie? e?aae ia ia?”. A ouiio ? iaoa??ae? ?eoa? aenooiea
i?ioe noi?iaiao E?aieee Eo?ie naiai ?ieia?ea o ii?caeao ca
ei?aiiii (“Oiaa?eo”. — 1997. — ? 10). Oai naii ?ioee ?eoa?
caieoo?: “Ca?aee aa?oouny eiooe ia oa a?enoai?”
Aiaeia??i? caieoaiiy ii?ia iiaa?eoe a ioae?eao?yo aacao
“Eiioi?no” (? 15, 1997) ? “?A” (Iaana, 18.01.97).
Aacaoa “Aoeuaa?” (? 8, 1997) o iaoa??ae? “Aoiaa?aao ia
neiiaou” i?ai?oeea, ui i?a ?an niaeoaee? a?aiii? aeo?ene i?ae-
oi a oaao? aoei iieeaaaii aiiao, i?i ui i?eiai c aeyaa??a ia
aoei iia?aiieaii, a eeoa “ainii?o Eo?io... io a?aoa iiaaeuoa
?aoeee yaaeoe?iaaou”.
Aacaoe ? “Ca?eaei iaaaee” (? 31, 1997), “Oe?a?ia iieiaa”
(2.08.1997), “Eeaaneea Aaaiiinoe” (31.07.1997) iaa?oeoaaee ia-
oa??aee i?i c?ea aeoy?iai oanoeaae? “Aanaeaa” oa eiieo?no
“Ii?a a?oc?a”.
O ?aa?iiaeui?e i?an? e?eoeea a iniiaiiio oi?eaeany “iiiiac-
iino? a?ceo?a”, ieoieo ei?oa??a, ?eneaiii? neo?ae ioi?iie,
?a?ac yeo aaooi c ia?iao ia i?a ainooieoeny ai a?o?eie i?a-
ceaaioa c? nai?ie a?aaie, iaii?eeaino? i?noaaei ?o?iae?noai
aanoe ?aii?oa?? c i?e?eie a?aiiae ?i a ae?aaeoao?? (noiniaii
iaaa??aaieo CIE).
Aea ? “ia?aaa?a eoo? iaao” (“Ae?ieoue? ia???”, 21.06.1997)
oaei? c?a?aea ?aaoa ia iaaaoea, i?? iiceoea — aaoaeuiee
iien aoeaoo, iiaa?iaaiiai o?anieeai eiioa?oo ?, a io i?i naio
aeaaia?eio a?yeui?nou i??iai ia neacaii.
?aii a?aeoaaei niaeo ? a?iieoue?e aacao? “Ooiaa”
(08.05.1997), yea a aaoae?ciaaiiio ?aii?oa?? iiaaea iaa?ou oioi
?c cano?eeyi.
Aaaei, ia iaoo aoieo, aoa iiaaiee iaoa??ae o aacaoao
“Oe?a?ia iieiaa” (26.06.1997), “O?yaiaee eo?’??” (5.07.1997;

311
Oaaeeoy 5




312
Aena?oeaiiy aeaaia?eii? a?yeuiino? a?o?eie i?aceaaioa Oe?a?ie o anaoe?a?inueeo aacaoao



Io?iea ioae?eao?e
? Iacaa
(e?eue?nou io?iie oa ?aeoeia aeaaiu)
ii?. aacaoe




(oo.)


Oioi
aeoiao aacaoe


aaieo iiia??a
Ia??iae?i?nou




Oe?a? (i?ei.)
Caaaeuia e?eu-




aoee ioae?eao??
(e?eue?nou, oo.)




E-nou ?, a yeeo
E-nou ioae?eao?e




e?nou i?iaiae?ci-
Iaaaoeaia
Iiceoeaia
Ianya ioae?eao?e
(e?eue?nou ?yae?a)
Ianya ioae?eao?e (%)




euiee




oeaiee
(i?nue.)
?aeoeia
?aeoeia




?aeoeia




?ao?iia-




?ioi?ia-
oa?aeoa?
oa?aeoa?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
1 O?yaiaee
eo?’?? 22 160570 144 3 15 19 14 1 5 1 – – 737/311 100/42
2 Oe?a?ia
iieiaa 14 70120 143 5 15 14 9 3 4 2 1 3 736/570 100/77
3 Anaoe?aein-
eea aaai-
iinoe 11 141 5 6 11 10 2 1 4 – 391/159 100/41
4 Aaiu 9 42580 139 5 1 9 9 3 – – 286/92 100/32
5 Eeaaneea
Aaaiiinoe 7 259930 173 6 4 8 3 5 4 2 1 3 557/285 100/51
6 I?aaaa
Oe?aeiu 8 87030 110 4 3 8 7 4 – 1 516/242 100/47
7 Ca?eaei
iaaaee 4 37400 31 1 1 4 2 6 4 1 3 748/79 100/11
Cae?i?aiiy oaae. 5

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
8 Aiein
Oe?a?ie 3 254060 147 5 0 3 3 5 – – 87/24 100/27
9 Eiioi?no 2 83070 32 1 – 3 – – 3 1 69/52 100/75
10 Caeii ?
a?cian 2 2 1 2 2 – 2 3 – 398/398 100
11 Eeaaneee
aanoiee 2 7000 2 3 1 2 2 – – 157/33 100/21
12 Iacaaene-
iinou 2 147 3 – 2 2 6 – – 92/3 100/3
13 Oiaa?eo 2 49400 32 1 – 2 – – 2 2 89/60 100/67
14 O?auaoee 2 2 3 – 2 2 6 – – 349/18 100/5
15 ?ia?oie?a
aacaoa 1 112990 1 4 2 1 1 7 – – 9 100
16 Aaeiaay
Oe?aeia 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 – – 98 100
17 Oe?a?inuea
aacaoa 1 1 0,5 1 1 – 1 4 – 224/180 100/80
18 I?aaineaaia
Oe?a?ia 1 1 1 1 1 1 7 – – 30 100
19 Aoeuaa? 1 120000 1 1 – 1 – – 1 3 44/8 100/18
20 Ca a?euio
Oe?a?io 1 1 3 – 1 – – 1 3 92/14 100/15
21 N?eunue? a?no? – 468430 95 5 – – – – – – –
22 ?aaeii – 26 1 – – – – – – –

22 96 1372 53 95 64 18 11 5709/ 100/47
2665




?acii



313
Oaaeeoy 6




314
Aena?oeaiiy aeaaia?eii? a?yeuiino? E. I. Eo?ie o anaoe?a?inueeo oa ?aa?iiaeuieo aacaoao




Io?iea ioae?eao?e
(%)


?ioi?iao??




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