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natural to use the information coming from the MRR of breathing to
consciousness, i.e. the sensation of air deficit arising after a stop of
breathing. Since the rate of changes at the “input” of the MRR of breath-
ing is restricted, for an indirect estimation of sensitivity it is possible to
use the time from the moment of a stop of breathing till the moment of
occurrence of sensation of air deficit.
One more parameter is the maximal pause. The protocol of its
measurement differs in that one should finish the readout of time when
the person loses an ability to continue a breath-holding. It has been ex-
perimentally determined that it is possible to consider sensitivity rela-
tively normal, when the moment of occurrence of sensation of air deficit
is less than a control pause, which in its turn is less than a maximal
68 VI. Measurement (diagnostics) of the degree of disease
pause.
An additional diagnostic feature of a significant disorder of
management of breathing is instability of a controlling affecting, hence,
non-uniformity of amplitudes and (or) time intervals of inhalations and
exhalations, i.e. non-uniformity of breathing. This testifies to very
strong infringements of MRR's functioning.
VII. Properties of the scale of the state of breathing

The research into the correlation between various parameters of
breathing has shown (22), that the time parameters of the system of
regulation of breathing can be used for an estimation of a state of
breathing as a whole.
Comparing the 7-th and 6-th principles it is easy to see that
asymmetry should be manifest in the states of the MRR of breathing. By
definition, the (CP / pulse) scale reflects a state of the MRR of breath-
ing. Hence, it should be asymmetric, i.e. the values of a CP beyond the
limits of "a normal range" of this scale in one of the directions should
lead to an aggravation of the state of breathing, and consequently, by
virtue of the 6-th postulate, to an aggravation of health. On the other
hand, the deviation of the values of CP in the opposite direction should
lead to the improvement of the state of health. And this is being proven
by practical observations.
VIII. Disease of Deep Respiration is the cause of
display of the symptoms named "civilization-induced
illnesses"

The cause and effect chain here is very simple. According to the
6-th postulate about the importance of functions a disorder in the MRR
of breathing will cause disorders in metabolism. The organism tries to
counteract disorder of the state of metabolism by means of other MRRs.
As a result, we apart from hyperventilation observe one or several corre-
sponding symptoms. The set of symptoms in the concrete patient de-
pends on individuality of both the patient and his/her “way” to sickness.
For example, a set can include stuffiness in nose (rhinitis), expectoration
in bronchi (bronchitis), spastic strictures of bronchi (asthma), spastic
strictures of blood vessels (hypertension), etc. This group of symptoms
is the protective and regenerative reactions of an organism against a dis-
ease (16). Besides, a change in the state of metabolism can disturb the
work of some MRRs. Hence, other symptoms can also be part of the set
testifying about damage of these MRRs by Deep Respiration. These can
be, for example, allergy - disorder of the mechanism of protection of an
organism from foreign matter and infections; diabetes - disorder of the
mechanism of the regulation of a level of carbohydrates in blood; depos-
its of salts - disorder of the mechanism of maintenance of saline bal-
ance, etc.
IX. Dynamics of disease of Deep Respiration

IX.1. Acute form of disease without transition into a chronic
one
In the beginning we shall consider the way the suggested model
explains the development of an acute form of the disease of Deep Respi-
ration. According to the assumptions made, in absence of the disease the
state of metabolism is close to normal. Conscious management of
breathing is absent. The MRR of breathing compensates for small devia-
tions in the state of metabolism caused by the dynamics of usual vital
functions.
Let us assume now that there took place "an extraordinary
event" that caused a significant deviation of the state of metabolism
from normal, such that the MRR of breathing does not cope with such
deviation. The prolonged or intensive effect on breathing of such fac-
tors, as poisoning, overworking, overcooling or overheating, strong
stress, infection, etc. can serve as examples of such "extraordinary
events". As a result, other MRRs can join in, influencing the state of
metabolism. More often this is expressed in a striking display of such
symptoms as stuffiness in nose (rhinitis), a plentiful expectoration,
coughs, etc. If the disorders of MRR have not occurred, then after the
factors of an "extraordinary event" stop their action, the state of metabo-
lism will be back to normal by joint efforts of MRRs, and the symptoms
will disappear, i.e. the person will recover.
IX.2. Chronic form of the disease of Deep Respiration.
The law. The chronic form of "civilization-induced illness"
is impossible without disorder of the MRR of breathing.
Let us prove this statement using the method of "contradiction".
We shall assume the opposite, i.e. the disorders in the MRR of breathing
are absent, and the chronic form of the disease is caused by disorder in
any other MRR. From the 6-th principle of the hierarchy of functions
and the accepted model of functioning of an organism of the person it
follows that the MRR of breathing is the most important among others.
Hence, correct work of a more important MRR will lead to restoration
of a less important MRR. As a result, the person will recover and the
chronic form of the disease is impossible, i.e. we have obtained the con-
tradiction. Thus, the statement is proven.
The experimental data completely confirm this law, not only in
72 IX. Dynamics of disease of Deep Respiration
the practice of application of Buteyko therapy, but also by independent
research. Thus, the presence of such symptoms of the disease of Deep
Respiration as hyperventilation in patients with ischemic heart disease
and essential arterial hypertension was checked (23). It has appeared
that the frequency of this accompanying symptom constitutes 94 to 100
%. It is obvious that from the point of view of practice such accuracy is
more than sufficient.
How then from the acute form of the disease its chronic form
can develop? According to the given model there exist only three ways
of the development of the acute form of the disease into a chronic one.
The first is due to a great intensity or duration of "an extraordinary
event", such that the disorders originate in the MRR of breathing. The
second is due to the modern "civilised" way of life under which the
breath-deepening factors prevail. The third way is also widespread in a
"civilised society", and it is connected with an unreasonable interven-
tion in the work of MRRs. In fact, under the acute form of the disease,
the involvement of mechanisms of the lower level generates such un-
pleasant symptoms, as stuffiness in nose, an expectoration in bronchi,
and consequently, desire to cough, vasospasms - a headache, etc. The
desire of the patient and the doctor to get rid of such symptoms, which
corresponds to the social request for "medicine of comfort", leads to the
application of symptomatic preparations which, reducing the symptoms,
interfere with the work of MRR, i.e. of true convalescence. It increases
the duration and value of deviation from the norm of the state of me-
tabolism. It sharply increases the probability of occurrence of disorders
in the MRR of breathing, hence, the transformation of the acute form of
the disease into a chronic one. Moreover, the majority of symptomatic
preparations directly negatively influence the MRR of breathing. As a
result, after a prolonged (about a month or more) application of symp-
tomatic preparations with standard dosages the probability of the devel-
opment of the acute form of the disease of Deep Respiration into a
chronic one approaches to 1.
IX.3. Stages of the disease of Deep Respiration (zones of sta-
bility).
We shall consider the dependence of efficiency of any MRR on
a degree of disorder of metabolism. It is obvious that such dependence
will be, first, non-linear, secondly, will be limited by the value. It is also
obvious that if the degree of disorders in metabolism continues to in-
IX. Dynamics of disease of Deep Respiration 73
crease after achieving a maximum of efficiency, then the decrease of
efficiency of the chosen mechanism due to non-optimum course of some
physiological processes will occur. As a result, a non-monotonous char-
acter of the dependences of efficiency of MRRs on a degree of disorders
in metabolism is expected. In its turn, a non-monotonic dependence of
the efficiencies and their "switching-on" at different values of the degree
of disorders in metabolism should lead to the presence of certain " zones
of stability " or stages of the disease of Deep Respiration.
On the other hand, from the theory of automatic control (20) it
is well known that a control system having feedbacks (fig. 1) keeps the
working ability, if its parameters are within certain "zones of stability
(potential well, etc.)". If the parameters overstep the bounds of "a zone
of stability", then the system either loses the working ability, or starts
working in a new "zone of stability ". From centuries-old experience of
medicine and also from the biological principle of survival of species it
follows that live organisms (including a human being) possess "multi-
level protection" of the process of vital functions. This is reflected in a
base model (and, accordingly, in specific models) by the presence of
different in importance MRRs. Hence, under some disorders of the
MRR of breathing, the organism should adapt to this by transition to a
new zone of stability, in which it can stay long enough. Further on, there
can be an additional disorder in the MRR of breathing, and the parame-
ters will be beyond the limits of a new zone of stability. As a result, the
organism can get in the third zone of stability and so on, until "safety
factor" will not run low and death will ensue. The values of a control
pause corresponding to the boundaries of such zones of stability or de-
grees of the disease of Deep Respiration are experimentally obtained.
For the adult person they are accordingly 60, 40, 20 and 10 seconds (6-
8, 21). As a result, the states of health of a person can be presented in
Table 1.
74 IX. Dynamics of disease of Deep Respiration
States of health

The 3rd
"im- 1st stage of the 2nd stage of the stage
"Normal" health
proved disease disease of the
health" disease




Death
Steady val-
ues of a
control pause
(seconds), in
>60(60) 60(60)>;>40(70) 40(70)>;>20(80) 20(80)>;>10(90) 10(90)>
brackets the
correspond-
ing pulse
(ictus/min).
Table 1. States of health
The stability of values of a control pause is understood as abil-
ity of the patient to keep these values within the limits of a zone corre-
sponding to one and the same stage of health or a stage of the disease
within at least a day. The presence of the state "the improved health"
follows from the asymmetry of the scale of the state of breathing dis-
cussed in section VII.
IX.4. Process of deterioration of health.
At approaching the boundaries of the "zone of stability" the
"next" MRRs should be switched on, which have not been involved to
the full earlier. As a result, the doctor and the patient should observe the
occurrence of new symptoms, which were not observed earlier. For ex-
ample, if in the first zone of stability rhinitis (stuffiness in nose) was
observed at approaching the boundaries between the second and third
zones, then there can be spastic strictures of bronchuses, coughs, either
attacks of hypertension or any other new symptoms. At reaching the
boundary of a zone, for example, in the case of transition through it,
acute display of new and old symptoms should be observed. The acute
form of new symptoms follows from an obvious strain of newly
switched on MRRs. The possibility of display of old symptoms follows
from the general laws of transient phenomenon in the theory of auto-
matic control for the systems with a feedback. Even for man-made con-
trol systems, their behaviour during a transient phenomenon is accom-
panied by poorly prognosticated rapid "wandering" across the space of
parameters at the approach of these parameters to their boundary values.
Figuratively speaking, the system as though "searches for a new conven-
ient place, rushing from side to side". From this also follows that during
a transient phenomenon the parameters of the system can go beyond the
IX. Dynamics of disease of Deep Respiration 75
boundary values (death is probable). In fact, numerous cases are known
when a not so old and not so sick person unexpectedly dies, for exam-
ple, of an infarction, acute heart failure, hematencephalon, etc. Cer-
tainly, the application of symptomatic therapy can "smooth" some inten-
sity of symptoms under transient phenomenon, but it increases the prob-
ability of "failure to return" to the "healthier" zone of stability, if no
measures are taken against deterioration of breathing.
IX.5. Process of convalescence.
We shall assume now, that the patient in some way influences
the MRR of breathing in the direction of its correcting. According to the
6-th postulate, the corrections of the MRR of breathing should lead to
correcting the work of other mechanisms and, consequently, to the be-
ginning of the process of convalescence. In fact, this occurs due to a
shift in the favourable direction of the state of metabolism. The effect of
these shifts accumulates, and depression of an intensity of symptoms
should be observed. And true, the depression of symptoms is observed
in the following sequence. At the beginning there appears a possibility
to overcome attacks without usual dosages of preparations. Then the
more frequent and longer periods of subjective sensations of a "good"
state are observed.
IX.6. Abstersive-regenerative reactions.
If the patient continues to correct breathing in a right way, the
shift in the favourable direction of the state of metabolism should con-
tinue. Hence, the next period of the "good" state of the patient should be
observed, when the value of his/her control pause approaches close to
the boundary of a stage of disease. This testifies to the fact that after a
while at least some of the depressed before processes of regulation and
restoration should be activated. And true, such a moment of an attempt
of transition of all systems of regulation to a new state comes within one
day. The intensity of display of various symptoms grows (attacks of dis-
ease). Again difficulties occur in the management of breathing. Besides,
the depressed earlier processes of purification of an organism from the
accumulated slag, insufficiently oxidised substances, medicines, etc.
should be activated. This generates the activation of secretory processes.
For example, sweating, or plentiful expectorations, or slack stool, or the
speeded up emiction, etc.
Such transitive process from a deeper degree of disease to its
less deep degree is also known among Buteyko practitioners under the
76 IX. Dynamics of disease of Deep Respiration
following names: "breaking"(lomka), "cleaning reaction"(chistka) or
"reaction of sanogenesis" (24). However, the practitioners unable to
measure CP often confuse these reactions with reactions to withdrawal
of drugs or to a hypoxia caused by addiction to breath-holding and "in-
tensive exercises". Certainly, here again it is possible to reduce the in-
tensity of display of symptoms due to the use of breath-diminishing
factors (see above) and the application of symptomatic therapy. How-
ever, in order not to lower considerably the probability of transition to a
healthier zone of stability, it is necessary to use other principles of pre-
scription and dosage of medicines. See below the section "Principles of
symptomatic therapy ".
It is necessary to note that at transition to a "healthier" zone of
stability, obviously, in an organism there should be other physiological
processes (processes of restoration), than at a return transition. As a re-

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