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313
314 Index

caja real (treasury), 30 textiles, 167, 181, 182, 196, 258
cajas de comunidad (community treasury), 62, tobacco, 154
96, 246 vanilla, 177, 182, 201
Calleja del Rey, F´ lix Mar´a (viceroy of New
e ± zarzaparrilla, 182
Spain), 251 Cornwallis, 46
Cambero, Juan Jos´ , 232
e corsairs, 208
Campeche, 30, 45, 207 Cortina, Count de la, 106, 229, 230, 232
Canada, 4, 23 Cos´o, Pedro Antonio de, 44, 93, 99, 100
±
Canary Islands, 37 Costa Rica, 66
Canga Arguelles, Jos´ , 215
e Council of the Indies, 129, 144
Canning, George, 215 Count of Toreno, 218, 219
Caracas, 34, 238 Craig, John, 178, 179
Caribbean, 17, 18, 19, 22, 24, 25, 27, 29, Cruillas, Marquis of, 26
30“36, 41, 45, 47, 82, 88, 89, 97, 101, Cuba, 18, 22, 25, 26, 28, 30, 34, 36, 38, 39, 43,
104, 179, 191, 192, 196, 200, 205, 207, 44, 45, 46, 52, 53, 65, 83, 90, 192, 207
250, 252 Cuernavaca, 107
Carmelites, order of, 93
Cartagena, 26, 28, 35, 36, 58 De Grasse, Count, 46
Catalonia, 216, 234 Denmark, 191
Catholic Church, 130, 133, 134, 138, 140, 142, Desprez, M´ dard, 169
e
143, 261, 263. See also dioceses, 12, 66, 83, dioceses of
93, 97, 118, 119“122 Guadalajara, 127
Cevallos, Ciriaco de, 207, 208 Mexico, 127, 131, 133, 149
Charles III (King of Spain), 24, 25, 32, 37, 46, Michoac´ n, 131
a
47, 50, 51, 52, 57, 80, 82, 88, 90, 133, 262 Oaxaca, 127
Charles IV (King of Spain), 47, 75, 80, 104, Puebla, 127, 131
121, 134, 138, 151, 152, 155, 160, 161, Valladolid, 127, 133
162, 166, 184, 191, 213, 214, 220, 262, Duff, James, 193
263, 265
Chihuahua, 27 Echeverr´a, Pedro Miguel de, 179, 180, 181,
±
Chile, 27, 35, 52, 53, 83, 154, 186, 238 182, 183, 196, 232
Chilho´ , 35
e El Guarico, 45
China, 204, 236 Elhuyar, Fausto de, 243, 251
Coatzacoalcos, 101 Espinosa, Manuel Sixto, 141, 152, 156, 162,
Cockburn, George, 231 164, 179, 198
Cofrad´a del Sant´simo Sacramento, 137
± ±
College of San Luis Gonzaga, 135 Fagoaga, Jos´ Mar´a, 251
e ±
commerce (colonial products) Felipe II (King of Spain), 34, 91
cochineal, 180, 182, 196, 199, 201 Felipe IV (King of Spain), 91
cocoa, 154 Felipe V (King of Spain), 32
cocoal, 177, 199 Fern´ ndez, Ram´ n, 232
a o
coffee, 179, 192 Fernando VI (King of Spain), 32
cotton, 167, 177, 181, 182, 192, 201 Fernando VII (King of Spain), 213, 214, 220,
dyes, 177, 196, 199 222, 264
indigo, 182, 199 Ferrol, 28
mules, 192 ¬scal and ¬nancial system of colonial Mexico, 78,
paper (cigarettes), 187, 199, 202 254, 259, 264
playing cards, 198, 202 colonial debts, 12
silk, 167, 181 ecclesiastical, 122“138
stamped paper, 198, 202 forced donations, 42, 45, 80, 88, 92, 117,
sugar, 107, 154, 177, 179, 182, 196, 201 214, 251, 252
Index 315

remittances, 19, 25, 30, 31, 33, 34, 36, 38, Gulf of Mexico, 30, 35, 36, 192, 205, 208
˜
41, 42, 43, 44, 46, 79, 89, 104, 216, 219, Gutierrez de Pineres, Juan Francisco, 58
220, 228, 234, 252, 262, 264
sinking fund, 253 Hacienda of San Nicolas Coatepeque, 95
situados & subsidies, 9, 16, 18, 19, 28, 30, 31, Haiti, 4, 15
35, 36, 38, 42, 152, 160 Hamburg, 191
tax revenues, 7, 47, 51, 67, 73, 79, 89, 231 Havana, 22, 23, 26, 28, 34, 36, 39, 41, 42, 44,
taxation. See taxes 45, 46, 89, 113
transfers, 6, 19, 20, 30, 31, 34, 35, 36, 37, Heras, Sebastian, 229
41, 79, 104, 113, 119, 120, 130, 132, 154, Hidalgo, Miguel, 233, 238, 261
173, 184, 187, 220, 234, 257, 262 Holland, 79, 138, 140, 160, 161, 162, 170, 173
Honduras, 42
universal donation, 90, 92, 94, 96, 247
Hope & Company of Amsterdam, 157, 158,
voluntary loans, 42, 45, 80, 214, 251,
164“168, 171, 175, 176, 179, 182, 197,
252
198, 203, 211
Fleming, Charles, 231
Hormazas, Marquis de, 231
Florida, 23, 30, 34, 36, 44, 45, 90, 207
Huetamo, 117
France, 4, 12, 13, 23, 50, 81, 104, 123, 154,
Humboldt, Alexander von, 16, 17, 76, 117
158, 160, 214
Huskisson, William, 168
French treasury, 155, 156, 159, 160, 161, 162,
168, 170, 171, 173
˜
Ibanez Celorvera, Juan, 116
Icaza, Isidro, 107
Galicia, 203, 216
India, 17, 204, 236
G´ lvez, Bernardo, 43, 44, 90
a
Inquisition, 12, 134
G´ lvez, Jos´ de, 26, 27, 43, 44, 55, 56, 57, 74,
a e
intendancy of
103, 131
Puebla, 148
Gardoqui, Diego de, 104, 105, 109
Valladolid, 135, 147, 148
Gardoqui, Juan Ignacio, 165
Veracruz, 100
Garibay, Pedro de (viceroy of New Spain), 115,
Iraeta, ¬rm of, 106
221, 223
Isla Margarita, 35
General Indian Court, 63, 112
Italy, 6, 123, 133, 169
Germany, 201
Iturbide, Agust´n de, 254
±
Godoy, Manuel de, 134, 162, 170, 194
Iturrigaray, Jos´ de (viceroy of New Spain), 12,
e
G´ mez de la Cortina, Servando, 100
o
144, 152, 171“175, 182, 198, 202, 206,
Gordon & Murphy, 185, 190, 194, 195,
208, 221, 223, 228
197“206, 208“212
Izquierdo, Eugenio, 170
Gordon, William, 193, 195
Murphy, Juan, 193, 194, 195, 196
Jamaica, 42, 192, 203, 205
Murphy, Lorenzo, 194
Jaral de Berrio, marquis of, 116
Murphy, Mateo, 194
Jesuits, 120, 127, 131, 132, 141
Murphy, Matthew, 193
Junta Central (Seville), 214
Murphy, Thomas, 193, 194, 195, 201, 251
Juzgados de Obras P´as y Capellan´as, 135, 137
± ±
Porro & Murphy, 196
Gracie, Archibald, 179, 181
La Valenciana, Count of, 146
Great Britain, 4, 7, 11, 13, 17, 50, 54, 81, 154,
Labouch` re, Pierre, 165
e
158, 160, 217, 236
Lady of Guadalupe, Royal College of, 137
Grenville, George Lord, 48
Landero, Pedro, 182
Guadalajara, 30, 67, 69, 110, 134, 135, 136,
Lima, 35
137, 149
Lisbon, 199, 205
Guanajuato, 112, 146, 225, 233
Lizana y Beaumont, Francisco Javier de (viceroy
Guatemala, 31, 52, 53, 83, 150, 186
of New Spain), 222, 228, 229, 248
Guaxuapa, 116
316 Index

London, 169 Modena, 160
Louis XV (King of France), 82 Mollien, Francois, 170
¸
Louis XVI (King of France), 82, 104, 134 monopolies of Spanish empire
Louisiana, 4, 23, 30, 36, 44, 45, 65, 90, 129, mercury, 56, 59, 60, 89, 93, 185
160, 186, 207 powder, 56, 59
tobacco, 38, 56, 58, 59, 65, 89, 90, 93, 102,
Madolell, Diego, 144 103, 110, 134, 137, 184“187, 198, 202,
Madrid, 41, 83, 139, 155, 158, 160, 165, 169, 230, 231, 247, 252
170, 172, 173, 174, 214 Montevideo, 35
Madrid Cabinet, 38, 138, 142, 161, 191, 197 Morelos y Pav´ n, Jos´ Mar´a, 238, 261
o e ±
Madrid treasury, 17, 31, 43, 78, 79, 89, 104, Moreno de Texada, Eugenio, 232
138, 152, 155, 161, 166, 169, 197, 262 Municipal Council (Mexico City), 91
Malaga Shipping Company, 193
Malvinas Islands, 35 N. M. Rothschilds & Company, 100
Manila, 22, 29, 113 Naples, 160
Maravit´o, 96
± Napoleon Bonaparte, 12, 152, 155, 158“161,
Martin Vicario, Gaspar, 106 162, 163, 166, 170, 171, 173, 184, 198,
Mart´nez del Campo, Jos´ , 251
± e 204, 214, 222“225, 229, 234, 236, 247,
Mayorga, Mart´n de (viceroy of New Spain), 42,
± 252, 263
43, 44, 46, 88, 89, 90, 92, 97, 99, 100, Navarre, 59
101, 102, 103, 131, 133 Navy
Medina y Torres, Count of, 107 British, 22, 23, 25, 27, 28, 35, 51, 113, 114,
Medina, Antonio, 252, 253 156, 158, 164, 168, 174, 190, 191, 204,
Merchant Guild of C´ diz, 196
a 205, 207, 208, 211, 236
Merchant Guild of Guadalajara, 224, 232 French, 15, 27, 46, 159, 167, 185, 190
Merchant Guild of Mexico City, 56, 77, 83, 86, Spanish, 25, 27, 28, 37, 39, 134, 152, 160,
91, 97“100, 101, 102, 108“110, 133, 136, 161, 162, 171, 174, 185, 190, 191, 209,
149, 221, 228, 230, 231, 232, 240, 245, 263
246 neutral trade, 190, 196, 204, 207, 208,
Merchant Guild of Veracruz, 106, 114, 180, 211
193, 194, 197, 211, 221, 232, 240, 245 New Granada, 27, 35, 49, 52, 53, 57, 58, 66,
merchants 83
British, 205, 217, 236 New Orleans, 45
Cuban, 26 New Spain (Mexico), 7, 18, 19, 20, 30, 31, 32,
Dutch, 167 34, 42, 45, 46, 52“55, 57, 58, 59, 75, 78,
French, 24 83, 86, 129, 137, 154, 220, 239
Mexican, 91, 98, 101, 106, 177, 180, 182, New York, 175
183, 211, 222, 225, 227, 228, 234 Nolte, Vincent, 177, 179, 182
Peruvian, 91
Spanish, 113, 191, 218 O™Reilly, Alejandro, 25, 26
M´ rida, 67, 69
e Oaxaca, 116, 136, 149
Mexico City, 16, 32, 93, 111, 221 Obreg´ n, Ignacio, 115
o
Mexico City Mint, 60, 89, 93, 101, 109, 231 Olivares, Duck of, 91
Mexico City School of Mining, 222 Oliver, Robert, 179, 180“183, 203
Mexico City treasury, 127, 128, 229 Olloqui, Jos´ Vicente, 232
e
Michoac´ n, 148, 149, 227
a Orizava, 117
Milan, 169 Oteyza, Juan de, 107
Mining Tribunal of Mexico City, 77, 83, 97, 98, Our Lady of Charity, order of, 93
101, 102, 108, 109, 110, 114, 115, 133, Ouvrard, Gabriel Julian, 156, 157, 161“167,
136, 146, 149, 222, 242, 243, 245, 246, 169, 198
253 Oyarzabal, Jos´ Joaqu´n, 136
e ±
Index 317

Palyart, Anthony, 209 royal administration (Mexico) 239. See also ¬scal
Panama, 35 and ¬nancial system, public debt,
papal indulgences, 129, 202 monopolies and taxes,
Paris, 134, 160, 167, 169, 170 Rul, Count of, 146
Parish, David, 165, 177, 178
Parma, 160 Saavedra, Francisco de, 17, 18, 44, 113, 114
Patagonia, 35, 51 San Francisco, Order of, 137
patriotic Juntas in Spain, 214, 215, 220 San Juan de Puerto Rico, 192
Peace of Westphalia, 91 San Luis Potos´, 225
±
P´ rez de Sorranez, Francisco, 106
e San Mateo Valpara´so, Countess of, 110
±
Peru, 7, 19, 25, 27, 31, 34, 35, 49, 52, 53, San Miguel de Texistepeque, 226
57, 66, 78, 83, 91, 107, 129, 150, 154, Santa Clara, Convent of, 136
186 Santa Cruz de Inguanzo, Marquis of, 107, 116,
Philadelphia, 192 232
Philippines, 17, 18, 29, 31, 57, 66, 104, 113, Santa F´ de Bogot´ , 35
e a
186 Santa Gracia, Convent of, 137
Piedmont, 160 Santa Marta, 35
Pitt, William, 12, 168 Santa Monica, Convent of, 137
Portobello, 35 Santander, 107, 203
Portugal, 4, 123, 162, 191, 213 Santiago Calimaya, Count of, 146
Potosi, 35 Santo Domingo, 18, 26, 30, 34, 36, 37, 186,
Provincial Cavalry of Quer´ taro, 115
e 192, 207
public debt (Spain and colonial Mexico) Sarmiento, Francisco, 179
consolidaci´ n de vales reales. See Consolidation
o Septien, Francisco Luis de, 179, 180, 181, 182,
Fund 183
Consolidation Fund, 12, 118, 121, 122, 129, Seville, 216, 228
138, 140, 141, 142, 144“149, 152, 153, silver mines, 7, 17, 67, 75, 117, 146, 185, 198,
156“158, 161, 162“166, 168, 169, 225
170“176, 180, 182, 183, 198, 201, 208, Solano, Jos´ , 43, 44
e
225, 243, 252, 255, 261, 263 Soler, Miguel Cayetano, 129, 141, 162, 198
vales reales, 46, 79, 82, 88, 98, 113, 132, Sonora, 27, 96

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