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General Index




Aaron, David H., 96 Atrahasis, 111, 144
˜
Abel, L., 214 Attenborough, F. L., 125
Accessories to homicide, culpability, Auld, A. Graeme, 76, 87
150“152 Aw¯lum (member of Mesopotamian social
±
see also Physical act that causes death class), 162“164
Accidental homicide, 9, 10, 80, 86, 101,
¨
116 Bantsch, Bruno, 74, 149
see also Intentional homicide; Typologies Barkay, Gabriel, 35
of homicide Barr´ , M. L., 16
e
Adonijah™s seeking of asylum, 72“73, Bechtel, George, 31, 219
74 Beckman, Gary, 110, 214
Aharoni, Yohanan, 48 Behrens, H., 207
Albertz, Rainer, 75, 76 B¯ l damˆ , 8, 32, 52, 54, 57, 58“59, 61,
e e
Albright, W. F., 34, 84 110“111
Alt, Albrecht, 3, 147“150, 158 Bellefontaine, Elizabeth, 26, 46
Anderson, Gary A., 77 Bendor, Shunya, 26, 46
Apodictic law, 148“150 Benjamin, Don C., 124
Assembly, 88 Berger, P.-R., 194, 216
Assyrian adjudication of homicide, 8, 28“30, Bergmann, E., 218
42, 44, 49“50, 56“70, 150, 166 Biblical law
Asylum relationship between sources, 83, 88
altar asylum, 8, 71, 72, 80, 81 relationship to cuneiform law, 140“146,
altar asylum as protection from political 147, 159, 204, 205
intrigue, 73“74 Birot, M., 210
development of system of asylum, 71, 72, Black-Michaud, Jacob, 23
80, 93 Bloch, Marc, 23
see also Cities of refuge Bloch-Smith, Elizabeth, 49


239
240 GENERAL INDEX


Blood, 9, 14, 17, 19, 51, 52, 94“99, 202 term for, 83“84
as cleanser and pollutant, 95, 104“105, trial of slayer, 88, 89
203 see also Levitical cities
in Mesopotamian thought, 106“111 Civil, Miguel, 217
see also Pollution Clay, A. T., 218
Blood avenger, 7, 8, 9, 23“26, 31, 32, 50“51, Closen, G. E., 16
52, 71, 83, 86, 98 Codex Vaticanus, 92
relationship to redeemer, 99 Coleman-Norton, Paul Robinson, 169
Blood feud, 7“8, 23“24, 26, 31, 32, 45, 51, Collins, Raymond F., 148
52, 99, 144, 173“174, 202 Comanche tribe of North America, 113
rule-boundedness of, 23“25 Community-based system of justice, 35
see also Legal evolution Comparative method, 3“4, 6, 204
Bloodguilt, 17, 101, 119, 124 Contenau, G., 211
Book of the Covenant, 23, 147 Cooper, Jerrold S., 207
see also Covenant Code Covenant Code, 74“80, 140, 148
Borger, Rykle, 127, 218, 219 date, 74“76
Bott´ ro, Jean, 7, 142, 210
e as part of an ancient Near Eastern scribal
Bourne, Frank Card, 169 tradition, 146, 147, 204
Boyer, Georges, 172, 210 see also Book of the Covenant
Bright, John, 149 Cowley, A., 77
¨
Buss, Martin J., 154 Crusemann, Frank, 75, 158

Cain and Abel, 7, 12“19, 95, 116 Daube, David, 18, 98, 99, 117, 118, 120,
as con¬‚ict between nomads and farmers, 125, 157
14 David and Bathsheba, 118“119
motives and state of mind of slayer, Delekat, L., 81
14“16 Deller, Karlheinz, 59, 67
parallel narrative to Genesis, 2“3, 17 Demon
theory of sin and personal responsibility, cause of impurity, 111
¯.
15“16 see also Rabisu
violation of social bond, 16“17 Deuteronomic reform, 8, 71, 72, 78, 82
Campbell, J. K., 23 Deuteronomic source, 9, 22, 35“36, 72, 76,
Campbell Thompson, R., 111 78“80, 83
Capital punishment, debate over in the date of, 48, 82
United States, 143 secularization, 86“87, 103
Cardascia, Guillaume, 219 strata of Deuteronomy, 82
Cassuto, Umberto M. D., 14, 15 theological and social program of D,
Casuistic law, 147“150, 204 86“90, 103“105
Categories of homicide, see Typologies of Deuteronomistic history, 33
homicide Dhorme, P., 38, 150, 209
Caudill, Bernice Calmes, 23 Diakonoff, I. M., 45
Cazelles, Henri, 75 Diamond, A. S., 174
Chapman, Rupert, 122 Dietrich, Manfried, 212
Cheyenne tribe of North America, 113 D¯n napiˇ tim (Akkadian legal term),
± s
Chiera, Edward, 208 170“173, 176“177
Childe, V. Gordon, 45 Dinur, B., 81
Childs, Brevard, 24 Dossin, Georges, 170, 210, 211
Chronicler™s History, 33 Dressler, Joshua, 116, 156
Cities of refuge, 8“9, 24, 32, 51, 52, 71, 80, Driver, G. R., 130, 132, 173“174, 218, 219
83“90, 144, 203“204 Driver, S. R., 50, 89, 103, 173
characteristics in P and D, 83“90 Duhm, Hans, 15
date of establishment of, 72, 80
hearing of admission, 90“93 E, Pentateuchal source, 74
number of, 83, 84, 87“88 Edzard, Dietz Otto, 15
rationale for, 83, 85, 86, 87 Eichler, Barry, 134, 137, 138
sacred status, 83 Elders, 35
slaying of accidental killer by blood Ellis, Maria deJ., 132
avenger, 86 Enuma elish, 144
241
GENERAL INDEX


Eph™al, Israel, 48 Hess, Richard S., 15
Evans-Pritchard, E. E., 23 High priest, 9
death of, 102“103, 104
Fales, F. M., 213 symbolism of, 103
Falkenstein, Adam, 152, 208 Hoebel, E. Adamson, 24, 113
Family, see Kinship Hoffman, David Z., 100
Faust, Avraham, 47 Hoffmann, Inge, 32, 219
Finkelstein, J. J., 2, 3, 7, 102, 126, 131, 137, Hoffner, Harry A., Jr., 109, 110, 117, 134,
144“145, 169, 174, 204, 210, 217, 218 166, 199, 219
Fishbane, Michael, 79, 155, 156 Hoftijzer, J., 77
Flanagan, J. W., 46 Hout, Th. P. J. van den, 219
Fortner, John David, 209 Hurvitz, Avi, 82, 88
Fox, Richard G., 3, 46
Frank, Karl, 111 Ibn Ezra, 20
Fratricide, 16 Ibn Janah, 20
´´
Frazer, James G., 96 Icelandic laws Gragas, 7
Freydank, H., 136 Impurity, see Pollution
Frymer-Kensky, Tikva, 100, 158 Intentional homicide, 10, 78, 80, 104, 116,
Fuchs, Andreas, 55 154
putative development of intentionality,
Gagarin, Michael, 101 147“150
Gelb, Ignace J., 182 International law, 11, 111, 178“201
Gelston, A., 77
Genouillac, Henri de, 207, 208 J, Pentateuchal source, 74
Gilgamesh, epic of, 44 Jackson, Bernard S., 3, 142, 143, 158
Ginat, Joseph, 23 Jacobsen, Thorkild, 5, 112, 152, 205, 208,
Gitin, Seymour, 78 209
Gluckman, Max, 23 Jamieson-Drake, David W., 46, 49
Goetze, Albrecht, 127, 131, 173, 218 Japhet, Sara, 34, 77
Goring ox, 129“130, 134, 141, 143, 144, Jas, Remko, 57, 66, 67, 212, 213
145, 146, 147 Jean, Charles-F., 211
Gortyn, laws of, 141 Jhering, Rudolf von, 173
Gottlieb, Gerald, 143 Jirku, Anton, 149
Gottwald, Norman K., 26, 27 Joab, 72, 73, 74, 83, 119
Governmental control Johns, C. H. W., 63, 66, 212, 213
in ancient Israel, 32“34 Johnson, Allan Chester, 169
in Mesopotamia, 8, 32, 36“44, 45, 50, Johnson, Wallace, 125
202 Jongeling, K., 77
Graf, Karl Heinrich, 81 Joseph, assault on, 117“118, 119
Grayson, A. K., 53 Judicial reform of Jehoshaphat, 34“35
¨
Greenberg, Moshe, 2, 3, 50, 76, 100, 101, Julicher, Adolf, 74
102, 142“144, 146
Greengus, Samuel, 45, 109 Kaufman, Ivan T., 48
Gruber, Mayer, 12 Kenites, 14
Gunn, David M., 83 Kiefer, Thomas M., 23
Gurney, O. R., 66, 112, 207 Kiernan, Steven C., 200
King, L. W., 211
Haase, Richard, 131, 132 Kinship
Hagenbuchner, Albertine, 110, 214 in ancient Israel, 8, 26“27, 46“49, 50, 202
¨
Halbe, Jorn, 147 in Mesopotamia, 27, 31“32
Hallo, William W., 3 Kirk, G. S., 14
Halpern, Baruch, 24, 48 Klawans, Jonathan, 100
Haran, Menahem, 84, 85 Klengel, Horst, 5“6, 110, 214, 216
Harper, Robert Francis, 53, 55, 56, 212, 218 Knohl, Israel, 82, 94, 121, 155, 156
Hawkins, J. D., 196 Knudtzon, J. A., 214
Hegel, G. W. F., 173 Koch, Klaus, 98
Heltzer, Michael, 189, 190 Kohler, J., 57, 59, 63, 212, 213, 218
Herzog, Zeev, 49 Koroˇ ec, Victor, 53
s
242 GENERAL INDEX


Koschaker, Paul, 2, 136 Michalowski, Piotr, 217
Kramer, S. N., 135, 208, 217 Miles, John C., 132, 173“174, 218, 219
Kraus, F. R., 7, 137 Milgrom, Jacob M., 21, 24, 25, 72, 77, 82,
Krecher, J., 57 87, 96, 100
Kuhl, Curt, 156 Miller, William Ian, 13, 99
Kuhrt, Am´ lie, 204, 207
e Mishaly, Ayala, 52
¨

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