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edit. Layer button in the lower-left

people who use GIMP make a habit of preserving their

ou can apply many transformations to your images
original images and saving their modified images using
by pressing ” + click within an image and selecting
different names so that they can always start over.
from the menu. For example, if you click Filters ➪
Glass Effects ➪ Apply Lens, your image will appear distorted
To crop an image, select the crop tool from the toolbox.
as if you were looking through a (convex) lens. The filter
The icon resembles a craft knife. Then left-click within the
effects also include edge detection, colorification options,
image window. When you click twice, you should notice
and various other distortions that you can apply to get the
two sets of corners appear like the diagonal corners of a
effect that you want. Unless you are a full time graphics
box that move independently. The space between these
professional, it is likely that you will never use most of
corners, or elbows, defines the portion of the image that
the tools available in the GIMP. Experimenting with the
will remain after you click the Crop button.
various options, on the other hand, is bound to be good
entertainment on some otherwise uneventful day and is While you might find quite a bit of information on using
probably the only way to fully understand what this tool the GIMP on the Web ” because this is a very popular
can do for you. tool ” using the tool is the best way to unveil all of the
manipulations that are possible and which of them is
There is also an option to revert to the original image. This
going to work best with your own graphical style.
is available through File ➪ Revert. This is useful if you apply
a transformation and do not like the way it looks. Many


Floating Selection
new century schoolbook

24 *

– The Text Tool window – The new text floats over
° Select the font, font style, ” Click the Anchor Layer
opens. and size for your text. your image. icon to anchor your text.
‡ Type the text that you · Click OK. ‚ In the Layers, Channels &
want to appear in your new Paths window, click the
layer. Floating Selection.


If you want to draw on top of an image, you can use
The 5 x 5 element toolbox allows you to easily
the pencil tool. The Tool Options window for this
access the tools available for use within the
tool allows you to modify the opacity of your pencil
GIMP. Pausing your cursor over any of the icons
stroke and to select a color for your pencil strokes.
will cause a brief description to appear.
The icon in the middle of the toolbox that looks like
The magnifying glass tool allows you to quickly
an eyedropper allows you to pick colors from your
zoom in on an image so that you can see more
image. This allows you to work with colors that
detail and have a finer degree of control over
match the colors in your image instead of trying to
your work. To zoom back out, double-click the
match the colors by selecting them from a palette.
magnifying glass and click Zoom out in the Tool
Options. Then click the image again. The effect
of the magnifying glass will then cause you to
zoom out. You can toggle between zooming in
and zooming out as needed.

– Your layers collapse, and – Your image appears
± Click the image window
your text is no longer floating. to view your revised image. full-screen with the text
anchored in place.


click File in the top menu bar and see a menu with Save

ou can display and edit Word documents with
and Save As choices along with open and print options.
AbiWord. AbiWord is an intuitive word processing
Moving your cursor over the diskette icon causes the
application with the same basic features as Microsoft
description to appear ” Save the document. If you select
Word. You start AbiWord when you are running an X
the diskette with a pencil pointing at it instead, you can
Windows server by typing abiword in an xterm window. The
rename the document.
tool will open up on your screen, allowing you to begin
entering the text of your document. You can also open a
To concentrate on writing, you can easily remove most of
pre-existing Word file.
the clutter of your AbiWord menus by clicking on View and
then checking the Full screen box; only the menu at the top
You use the AbiWord program in the same way as you
of the screen will then remain along with your text. You can
would use other GUI word processors such as MS Word or
manipulate tabs and margins with menus, or adjust their
Corel Word Perfect. If you trained on older, keyboard-
bars and pointers along the edges of the screen, as though
oriented word processing systems, you must get used to
you were using a real typewriter.
clicking on icons to make things happen. For example,
formatting a page for right or left justification of text
As with any program, the fastest way to do something may
requires an easy click near the upper-right corner of the
be revealed only after some experimentation with different
screen where pictograms display your choices.
menus and patterns of keystrokes that suit your style of
typing. If you are an experienced wordsmith, you can use
Other icons may be less obvious but clicking on any of
these tricks intuitively in AbiWord and save a bundle of
them will usually bring up a menu with a logical suite of
money by not purchasing expensive commercial products.
choices. For instance, if you want to save your work, you


– AbiWord opens with a
„ Type AbiWord in an xterm
window and press Return. blank document.


AbiWord enables you to import images into your
If you are writing a newsletter or other
document by using the icon that looks like a
publication, you can choose one, two, or three
landscape snapshot. It is probably wise to begin a
columns to suit the style of your publication.
document with this step and then write around the
You can find documentation for AbiWord,
including an overview and a tutorial, at
You can open Microsoft Word files, identified by
www.abisource.com/help. If you have any
their .doc file extensions, directly in AbiWord and
questions about quirks in the program, contact
then edit and save the files in the Rich Text Format.
the authors at AbiSource.com. As with other
open source products, news about problems
experienced can be sent upstream to the
community and tips and tricks can be
downloaded from other users via discussion
groups or FAQ pages.

– Your file appears
¤ Click File ➪ Open. ‹ Click a filename. ˇ When you have finished,
on-screen. save your document to keep
– The Open File window the changes.
› Edit and format your text.


where A2:A20 defines a range of cells. If you are not used

ou can use Gnumeric for simple calculations to
to spreadsheets, you will have to get accustomed to this
complex numerical analysis. Gnumeric is a free
nomenclature. The columns in a spreadsheet are labeled A,
spreadsheet released under the GNU General Public
B, C, and so on while the rows are numbered 1, 2, 3, and so
License. It has all the features that you would expect in a
on. A2 is the cell defined by the second row in the first
quality spreadsheet application, including a built-in manual,
support for graphs, an extensive range of functions, cell
formatting, and printing. It also has a powerful set of import
You can also select data by holding down your left mouse
and export filters that allow it to work with Excel, Lotus
button and sliding over it. This often simplifies the process.
1-2-3, Sylk and other spreadsheet formats. Graphic support,
Gnumeric, like most modern spreadsheets, will allow you to
however, requires that you also have Guppi installed.
copy and paste a formula, adjusting the cell addresses in the
process. If you sum A2:A20 and then copy your formula
To start Gnumeric, you can type Gnumeric in an xterm
from A21 to B21, the new formula will sum B2:B20. If you
window. The tool will open with an empty spreadsheet.
are familiar with any spreadsheet application, you will
Entering data is as simple as clicking in a cell and typing text
probably be perfectly at home using Gnumeric.
or a number. To enter a formula, you start by typing = and
then you enter the formula, such as cos(100) or sum(A2:A20)


– Gnumeric opens with a – The answer appears in
„ Type gnumeric in an
xterm window and press blank spreadsheet. your cell, and the formula
Return. displays in the toolbar field.
¤ Type =sqrt(64) in a cell
and press Return.



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