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disk free space, 170 .tcshrc file, 89
disk usage check, 170“171 text, vi, 72“73
Display settings, 7 eliminate duplicate items, 57
ditto -rsrcFork command, 129 emacs
ditto command, 128“129 edit file, 78“79
DNS mail exchanger (MX) record, 138 exit, 78
DNS records, 139 tutorial, 78
.doc files, 293 Emulation settings, 7
document directory, Apache, 234 encryption, 148
DocumentIndex directive, 232 enscript command, 58
DocumentRoot directive, 232 environment variables set, 86“87
documents, Open Office, 296“297 equal symbol (=), 24
dollar sign ($), 47 error correction
domain information look up, 138“139 correct mistake in last command, 91
Domain Name System (DNS), 134, 136“137 shell commands, 9
dot (.) alias, 21 escaping arguments, 10
dot-dot (..) alias, 21 exclamation point (!), 74, 90
DotBlue.tif, 185 executable files, 11
DotGray.tif, 185 execute commands as root, 162“163
double dash (--), 23 execution permissions, set, 25
download exit
binary files, 151 emacs, 78
Web files, 150“151 shell, 92
Web sites with Wget, 209 exit command, 14

328
Unix for Mac:
Your visual blueprint to maximizing
the foundation of Mac OS X

install wget, 208
export command, 94
list, 198
.exrc file extension, 75
selfupdate, 199
extract information, awk command, 116“117
FinkCommander, 200“201
extract text from files, 46“47
folders, 16
F foreach command, 112“113
foreach number command, 112
-F option, 16, 17
foregound processing, 100
-f option, 56“57, 62
foreground (fg) command, 98
fetchmail tool, 221
forward slash (/), 16
fi, 114
-fr option, 35
fields, 116
Free BSD, 2
file attributes, 18“19
free operating systems, 2
file mode, 19
Free Software Foundation, 2
file permissions, 24“25
ftp command, 134, 146“147, 152
filemode, 29
full pathnames, 21
filename, 29
function keys, Pico, 62
files
binary files, 40
G
compress, 176“177
copy, 20, 128 g, 24
delete, 23 gcc 3.1 compiler, 181
designate by pathname, 21 GET command, 229
edit, Pico, 62“63 GIMP, 288“291, 316
edit file in vi, 64 glob, 26
executable, 11 glob-patterns, 26
find by arguments, 29 GNOME Core, 316
find by name, 28“29 GNOME desktop
move into directory, 36 about, 280“281
number directory count, 54 applications, 282“283
ownership change, 166“167 GNU general public license, 322“325
rename, 22 GNU Image Manipulation Program (GIMP), 288“289
selection, completion, 27 GNU project, 2
selection with wildcard characters, 26 GNU public license, 188
structure, 16 GnuCash, 316
text, 40 Gnumeric spreadsheets, 294“295
vi, 65 graphical user interface systems, 3
fill columns, 55 greater than symbol, 52
find grep -l command, 47
by name, 28“29 grep -v command, 47
text, Pico, 62 grep command, 10, 46“47, 48
text, vi, 67 -group argument, 29
find and replace text in vi, 72 group of file change, 166“167
find command, 28, 66, 96, 100 groupname
Finder, 4 find files by, 29
Fink gunzip, 176“177
about, 186, 189, 316 gzip command, 176“177
install, 198

329
INDEX
Interactivity, web site, 242“243
H
Internet
halt command, 156“157 address, 136“137
hang up, 103 dial-up Internet, 134“135
hard link, 168“169 digital subscriber line (DSL) Internet connection, 134
head command, 44“45, 48 Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP), 142
hidden files, 26, 35 Internet Relay Chat (IRC) chat, 212“213
history codes, 91 Internet Service Provider (ISP), 135
history command, 90, 92 intervening directories, 33
history variable, 85 IP address, 135, 136“137
.html file extension, 74 iused, 171
HTML files, 122
J
HTML markup code, 236“237
httpd command, 152
Jaguar Terminal application, Mac OS X 10.2, 5
I jar command, 302“303
Java applications, 302“303
-i option, 10, 36 Java archive (JAR) files, 302
if command, 114 jobs command, 98“99
ifconfig command, 140 join text, vi, 73
ifree, 171 .jpg file extension, 122
image
K
crop, 290
edit images, GIMP, 288“291
-k option, 39
files open, 122
KDEbase, 316
-iname argument, 29
KDElibs, 316
incremental backup, 164
Keep in Dock, 4, 5
init process, 102
keystroke commands
inodes, 171
delete text in vi, 71
input mode, vi, 66
emacs, 77, 79
insert command, 313
Insert mode, vi, 69
Insert mode, vi, 69
to move through files, 43
insert text, emacs, 77
Pico, 61
install
keyword search manual, 13
Apache modules, 244“245
kill command, 102“103
application packages, 190“191
kill process
developer tools, 180“185
by job number, 102
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) client, 210“211
by name, 103
libraries, 202“203
by process ID, 102
Lynx Web browser, 204“205
killall command, 102
OroborOSX, 284“285
Perl modules, 262“265 L
pine, 222“223
-l option, 18
tar archives, 192“193
LAN (local area network) connection, 134
Wget, 208
ld, 184
X server, 274“275
less command, 42“43, 51
XFree86 upgrades, 276“277
less than symbol, 52
install command, 190“191

330
Unix for Mac:
Your visual blueprint to maximizing
the foundation of Mac OS X

libraries list, 203 modes, 66
Library directory, 17 monitor top processes, 106“107
libtool, 184 mouse use, emacs, 78
lines, and words in text, 54 move
Linux, 2 files into directory, 36
list text, Pico, 63
active processes, 104“105 in vi, 66“67
aliases, 83 Mozilla, 186, 317
current shell variables, 84 -mtime argument, 29
files, 16 multiple files, move, 36
option, vi, 65 multiprocess, 97
LoadModule command, 244 mv command, 22, 36
local area network (LAN) connection, 134 MyMac command, 129
log files, 45 MySQL, 308
log on to remote system, 144“145
N
logoff command, 144
logout command, 145 -n option, 56“57
loopback address, 140 name Terminal application, 6
looping shell scripts, 112“113 Net BSD, 2
lpq command, 172“173 NetInfo database, 93, 160, 178“179
lpr command, 58“59, 172“173 netstat command, 140“141
ls command, 10, 16, 17, 108 network connection view, 140“141
Lynx, 206“207, 317 Network Information Center (NIC) database, 138
new user creation, 158“159
M NF variable, 116
M- (Meta) characters, 40 nidump command, 158“159, 178“179
Mac OS X, 2, 3 niload command, 158, 178“179
Mac OS X 10.2, Jaguar Terminal application, 5 niutil command, 158“159, 178“179
magnifying glass, 291 nobeep variable, 85
mail command, 218“219 noclobber variable, 85
mail inbox, 220 non-empty directory, delete, 34
mailto command, 123 non-text binary file, 58
make clean command, 195 NR variable, 116
make command, 196“197, 300“301 nslookup command, 136“137, 138
make install command, 195 number option, vi, 65
man -k command, 13
O
man command, 12“13, 42“43
man enscript command, 59 -o option, 59
manage software installation with Fink, 198“199 object-oriented programming, 304
manual access, 12“13 open
match patterns with grep, 51 file with emacs, 76“77
metacharacters, 254“255 file with Pico, 60“61
metadata, 122 file with vi editor, 64“65
Microsoft Word, 122, 293 new line of text, 69
minutes, find files by, 29 from shell, Aqua applications, 122“123
mkdir command, 32“33 Open BSD, 2
-mmin argument, 29 open command, 122“123

331
INDEX
Pico
Open Office
edit files with, 62“63
documents, 296“297
enter text, 61
spreadsheets, 298“299
keystrokes, 61
Open Scripting Architecture (OSA) standard, 130
Pine
open source code, 2
install, 222“223
Open Source Initiative (OSI), 189
send e-mail, 226“227
Open Source software, 188, 189
.pinerc file, 223
OpenOffice, 186
ping command, 142“143
OpenOffice.org, 317
pipe (|), 50
options after command name, 10
piping, 50, 127
OroborOSX, 284“285
.plist file extension, 74
osascript command, 130
POP3 protocol, 145
P popd command, 31
ports, 141
p command, vi, 73
POST command, 229
package command, 263
PostgreSQL, 308“311, 317
pager command, 42“43
PostScript printer, 58
paste buffer, Aqua, 126
pragma, 265
paste buffer, vi, 73
Preview, 122
paste clipboard in text file, 127
-print argument, 28, 29
paste clipboard to standard output, 127
Print Center, 173
PATH environment variable, 88
print command, 58, 302

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