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Barbaros: all forms
.±, .±, .±“±
Peloponnesians
·.±·
Slavs (probable)
.±
Turks
µ., .±
general, linguistic
appendix 2

The origins of the Chronicle of the Morea




Michael Jeffreys has argued that the original versions of the Chronicle of
the Morea “ the Book of the Conquest “ was composed in Greek, and
that the anti-Roman passages were a part of this original (Jeffreys ±·µ:
, ). His reasoning is, ¬rstly, that the later P is certainly derived from
a text which included these passages, since they are not omitted entirely,
but rather cut short. Secondly, the scribe of P was not working from H or
a derivative of H, for, Jeffreys argues, P agrees at certain points with the
French chronicle rather than with H. Thus, P is derived from a text which
was the source of the French Chronicle, and which had anti-Greek polemic.
Jeffreys thus proposes a stemma something like this:

Book of the Conquest (Greek) (c.1320)(with polemic)



French chronicle
H (c.1380)



Aragonese (1391)
T


P (c.1500) and family Italian (c.1500)

In this view, the French chronicler had anti-Greek polemic in his source,
but chose to ignore it.
However, Jeffreys has overestimated the links between P and the French
Chronicle. Close comparison of the Greek versions reveals that, where H
and P differ and can be compared with the French Chronicle, it is generally
H which is closest to the French version. Jeffreys gives the example of
P±“µ, but this is arguably the only signi¬cant point of identity between
the French account and that in P. In contrast, there are numerous points of
°
° The origins of the Chronicle of the Morea
identity between the Livre and H. For example, H and the French Chronicle
share material omitted by P at H±µ“·/French , H°“/French ±
and H±µ±“·/French ±. Again, H and the French Chronicle agree, while
P does not, at H±µ/French , H·/French ±··, Hµ°µ/French ,
H/French , H·°°/French µ°° and H/French µ·. As the
French Chronicle contains none of the lengthy anti-Roman diatribes, this
would suggest that its source did not contain them, while all the extant
Greek versions go back to a source which did contain the polemic.
Thus there is an alternative stemma, requiring at least one lost Greek
text, with polemic and derived from the original Book of the Conquest,
which had no polemic and was the source of the Livre:

Book of the Conquest (c.1310“1320)
(without polemic)


X (with polemic) (1340s)
French Chronicle (1340s)



Aragonese (1391) H (c.1380)




T
P (c.1500) and family
Italian (c.1500)

According to this, the scribe of the French Chronicle worked from an
original Book of the Conquest which did not include the anti-Roman
passages, and thus these do not appear in the Livre. The Book of the
Conquest was also the source of another version (X), which introduced the
polemic, and this is the source of both H and P.
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