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Boiotia µ, °, ± criteria of µµ“µ·
µ
Index
Daimonoiannis, Peloponnesian ±, ±±
Chronicle of the Morea
Aragonese ±·, °±, °, °, “ Dandolo, Enrico, doge , °
French ±·, ±·, ±µ, °°, °±, °, ±, ±, despotate of the Morea (despotate of Mistra)
, “, ±,  µ, ±, µ“
Greek µ, ±·“±±, °“± culture , “µ, µµ, ·
anti-Greek? ±·, ±±, ±µ“±·, °“± ruled by the Kantakouzenos family ±°, ±µ,
±·, °·“°
con¬‚ict between ethnic and political
identities ± ruled by the Palaiologos family , °,
Hellen ± “, “, µ, 
identi¬cation of others ±“±, ·· Digenes Akrites ±, , µ, µ, 
later versions ±·, ±·, , “, diglossia
µ“,  Byzantine Roman °“±, , ·°, ±·, ±,
Roman identi¬cation ±°“±, ·, · µ“µµ, µ·, 
Italian ±· modern Greek °“±
civil war Directorium ad faciendum passagium
¬rst ±, ±, ±µ, ± transmarinum µ
second ±“±°, ±µ, ±, ± Doukas, historian 
Clari, Robert de, crusader and writer ·µ Doxopatres, Peloponnesian ±·, ±
Clement VI, pope ±, ±·± dynatoi ±°“±±, ±, 
Clermont, council at ± dytikos ±°, ±±µ, 
Conrad II de Hohenstaufen, western emperor
 Elis, region of the Peloponnese °, °, 
Constantine the Great, emperor , µ, µ emperor, imperial rule, as Roman ethnic
Constantine VII Porphyrogenitos, emperor ·· criterion ±, “, µ, ±°, ±, ±µµ“±µ,
De administrando imperio , µ“·, , , ·
, ·, ± English ±, ±“±, µ
De ceremoniis  Ephesos, council of µ·, µ
Constantine VIII, emperor  Epiros, Epirots
Constantine X Doukas, emperor ,  con¬‚ict with Nikaia µ“, , ±°±“±°, ±°µ,
Constantine Tich, king of Bulgaria ±± ±°·, ±°, ±µ·
Constantinople  ˜despotate of™ , µ, µ“, , ±°, ±µ, ±,
capture in ±° ±, , ·, ·, ·, ±, ±, ±°, ±, ±, ±·, ±, ±“±, °°, °·,
± ±, ±·, ±, , µ
Latin ·, ·, , ±°“±°·, ±±, ±, ±·· people of, as contrasting ethnicity ±±µ,
recapture by the Romans , ±°±, ±°, ±°, ±µ“±, ±µ, ·µ
±±, ±±·, ± province of the empire ±, ±, ±µ°“±µ
region °, , ·
relationship with provinces, see prejudice
siege ,  ˜ethnic™ ±±“±
taken by Ottomans ±µ ,  ethnicity
content analysis “ de¬nitions ±±“±, °“
Corfu , ± ethnic criteria ±, ±·“±, “
Corinth, city in the Peloponnese , ±, ±·, and nationalism ±µ“±·
±, °, °µ, °, · role of tradition ±“±µ, 
Coron, town in the Peloponnese ±, ± as subjective belief ±“±
Crete, Venetian ±°, ±, ° ˜us and them™ ±, ±“±, 
crusades, crusaders · ethnonym, ethnic names ±, ±, , , ·, µ,
First Crusade °“, , ± ±, ±
Second Crusade “µ,  ethnos , ·, ±“, , ±µ, ±, 
Third Crusade , , ·, · Eustathios, archbishop of Thessaloniki µ, ·,
Fourth Crusade ±“, ·, ·, “±, ° µ“, , ·µ, ··
states µ, µ, , ·, °, ±, ±·, ±, Evia , µ, ±, °, ±
°
Cumans °, ·, , °, ±°“±±, ±µ, ±µ“±±, ±, Ferrando of Majorca °µ
±·, °,  feudalism ±“±
Cyprus, Latin ±±µ“±±, ±, ±·, ±,  ¬lioque µ“µ·, ·, ±±°, ±µ
 Index
Florent de Hainault, prince of Achaia ±, , life ±±“±
,  outlook ±“±
truce with the empire “ Gregory of Cyprus, patriarch of Constantinople
Florios and Platzia-Flora  , ±±µ“±±, ±
Fragkos, Frank ±, , , µ, ±°, ±, ±, ±°, ±±, Gregory of Nazianzenos, patriarch of
±, ±“°,  Constantinople 
France, French ±, ±, ±, ° Gregory IX, pope ±
Guillaume I de Champlitte, prince of Achaia µ,
Frederick I of Hohenstaufen (Barbarossa),
western emperor , “, ·, · ±“±, ±·, °

Gabras, family in Trebizond µ° Hellen , , ·, “, ·, , 
Galata ±µ“±µ in Akropolites ±·“±
Gardiki, town in the Peloponnese °·, , in Choniates µ, “
µ in the Chronicle of the Morea ±
gasmoulos ±±·“±±, ±, µ“,  in Gregoras ±·“±·µ
Gemistos Plethon, George “µ, µµ in Kantakouzenos ±·
Genoa, Genoese , ±±, ±°, ±µ°, ±µ“±µ, ±µ·, in Manuel Palaiologos µµ
±“±,  in Mazaris µµ
genos , ±“,  in Pachymeres ±±·, ±·“±
in Akropolites ±°, ±°µ“±°, ±±, ±µ Hellenism, Byzantine “, “, ±“±,
in Choniates °, , ,  µ, µµ“µ, ·
in the Chronicle of the Morea ±±, ±, °° Henry of Flanders, Latin emperor , , ±°,
in Gregoras  ±, ±, ·°, ·±
in Pachymeres ±µ“± Henry VI de Hohenstaufen, western emperor
“
Geoffrey I de Villehardouin, prince of Achaia
µ Herodotos ±·, ±
foundation of the principality µ, ±“±, ±·, hesychasm ±“±, ±·°, ·
±± Homer ±, 
policy of compromise ±·“±, °, ±±, ° Hospitallers (Knights Hospitaller of St John of
Jerusalem) ±·, °·“°, , ·, µ°,
Geoffrey II de Villehardouin, prince of Achaia
±, ±, µ“° µ±
Geraki, town in the Peloponnese ±, °, , hot iron, trial by ±°“±
· Humbert, cardinal , µµ
German, Germans, Germany “, “°, ·, Hungarians, Hungary , , ·, , , °
·, °, °, °
Germanos II, patriarch of Constantinople ± Innocent III, pope , °, ±°·, ±·
Glarentsa, town in the Peloponnese ±, ,  Isaak I Komnenos, emperor , 
Glykas, Michael  Isaak II Angelos, emperor “, ·“, ·, ·µ, µ
Graikos , , “·, µ, ·, ±µ“±, ±°, µ, Isabeau de Villehardouin, prince of Achaia
 ±µ“±, °, °µ, , 
Grand Maine, castle in the Peloponnese ±°, Isabelle de Lusignan, wife of Manuel
±, ±µ, ° Kantakouzenos °·
Greece, modern ±µ, ±·, ±, and see Greek Isova, Cistercian monastery ±, 
Italos, John “, , ±±µ
language and nationalism
Greek language, see also diglossia
as diglossic µ“°, , ±·“± Jacques des Baux, prince of Achaia °
as Roman ethnic criterion , , µµ, µ“°, Jerusalem , ±, , µ, , ±·
, ·, ·, ±, ±, “ Jews ·, , µ
Gregoras, Nikephoros, historian µ, · Joanna of Naples, prince of Achaia °
con¬‚icting ethnic and political identities ±·, John II Komnenos, emperor , “µ, ·, ,
±µ“±µ, ±µ·“±µ, ·µ 
forms of self-identi¬cation ±“±µ°, ±µ“±µµ, John III Vatatzes, emperor “µ, ±°, ±°, ±,
±µ·“±, ±“±·°, µ±, · ±°, µ
identi¬cations of others , ±±“±, ±·“±·, John IV Laskaris, emperor , ·, ±, ±,
µ± °
·
Index
John V Palaiologos, emperor ±“±±, ±, ±, Roman subjects of ±°, ±±“±±, ±, ±
±·±, °·, µ Leftro, castle in the Peloponnese °±, °
Lentiana ±°
John VI Kantakouzenos, emperor and historian
µ Leo VI, emperor µ, µ, 
con¬‚icting ethnic and political identities ±·, Lesbos ±, ±µ“±, ±
±µ, ±µ·“±µ, ±·“±, ·µ Libistros and Rhodamne , µ
forms of self-identi¬cation ±, ±µ°, ±µ·, literature, Byzantine “, “
±“±µ, ±·°“±·, µ°, µ±, µ, µ classicising , ±“, , ·“, ±±±, ±
identi¬cations of the other ±µµ, ±·“±·, µ±, vernacular µ, , “, ±±, “µ
· Liutprand, bishop of Cremona 
life ±“±, ±, °“°· Louis of Burgundy °µ
outlook ±µ“± Lyons, council of ·, ±°“±±°, ±µ, ·
John VII Palaiologos, emperor 
John VIII Palaiologos, emperor  Macedonia , µ, µ, ±°, ±±±, ±°, ±µ, ±
John XXII, pope , ° Macedonian dynasty “, , , µµ, ±, , ±°
John Alexander, king of Bulgaria ±·° Mahaut de Hainault °µ
John Asen II, king of Bulgaria ±°°, ±°±, ±°, ±± Makry Plagi, battle °, µ, ±
John Glykys, patriarch of Constantinople ±± Mamluks ±, ±·, ±·, ±·, ·µ, 
Manasses, Constantine, writer , 
John Kamaretos, patriarch of Constantinople
·° Mangaphas, Theodore, aristocrat µ°
Manglavites, Nicholas, leader in Melnik ±°“±°µ
Kalamata ±, µ, ·“, °,  Mani ±µ, ±, “·
Kalekas, John, statesman ± Manuel I Komnenos, emperor , “, , ,
Kantakouzenos, Manuel, despot of Mistra ±, , ·µ, ·, 
±µ, ±·, °·, , µ phillatinism ±, µ“, µ, , ±, 
Kantakouzenos, Matthew, despot of Mistra ±, Manuel II Palaiologos, emperor µ, , µ
 forms of self-identi¬cation “µ, µµ“µ
Karytaina, castle in the Peloponnese °, ±,  identi¬cations of the other µ±, µ, ·
Kekaumenos  life ±±, , µ“, µ±, µ·, µ
Kilij Arslan, Seljuk sultan ,  outlook ·
Kinnamos, John ·µ Manuscrit de Roi °±
Klokotnica, battle µ, ±° Manzikert, battle 
Komnene, Anna µ, “, ±, , µ, , , ·µ, Maria of Antioch, empress µ“·, ·
±±µ, ±· Marie of Bourbon °
Maure, Peloponnesian family ±·, , °,
Komnenoi, aristocratic family and imperial
“
dynasty
creation of new aristocracy °, ·, ± Mazaris, writer , “
culture under ±, ,  forms of self-identi¬cation µ°, µ±, µµ“µ
in Cyprus µ° identi¬cations of the other µ±, µ“µ
period of rule , , µ, ·“, ·, ·µ, ·, , life 
±, ±µ outlook ·“, 
in Trebizond ±“±, ±µ“±µ· Mehmet I, Ottoman sultan 
Krestena, settlement in the Peloponnese °, ± Mehmet II, Ottoman sultan 
Kritoboulos, historian  Melnik ±°“±°µ, ±±
Kydones, Demetrios, writer ±, ±·± Mesembreia ±±, ±µ·
Messenia, region of the Peloponnese °, °,
Lachanas, ruler of Bulgaria ±“± , µ, , 
Metaphrastes, Simeon, hagiographer µ, ±
Lakonia, Lakonians, region of the Peloponnese
±°µ, ±, ±µ, °°, °, , , µ“µ, Metochites, Theodore, civil servant, writer
µ· ±±“±, ±
Laskaris Kalopheros, John  Michael I Komnenos Doukas, ruler of Epiros µ,
Lateran council, fourth ±· , ±
Latin empire ±, ±, ·± Michael II Komnenos Doukas, ruler of Epiros
acceptance as legitimate ·“°, ±°±, ±µµ, ·° , ±°, ±°µ, ±
establishment “ Michael VI Stratiotikos, emperor , 
 Index
Michael VII Doukas, emperor  establishment , ·, “
Hellenism and ±, ±“±
Michael VIII Palaiologos, emperor
in Akropolites , , ±°±, ±, ±“±± internal administration ±±, ±µ
autobiography ±°, ±µ Nikephoros III Botaneiates, emperor 
in the Chronicle of the Morea ±±, ±, ° Nikli (Amykli), town in the Peloponnese ±,
expansionist policy , ±°, °, ±µ, · “
in Pachymeres ±°, ±±±“±±, ±±, ±±“±° Norman, Normans of Sicily µµ, ±µ
policy towards Trebizond ± attacks on Byzantine territory , °, “,
policy towards the west ±°“±±°, ±µ, ° , , ±
religious policy ·, ±°“±±°, ±µ, ±µ, ·“· as contrasting ethnicity ·, , °, °
retaking of Constantinople , , ±°, ±, · Thessaloniki, sack of ·, , °, µ, , , µ
usurpation of John IV , ·, ±, °
Michael IX Palaiologos ±±°, ± Orsini, John, ruler of Epiros ±µ±
Ottoman Turks ±°, µ
Michael Kerularios, patriarch of Constantinople
, µµ, µ· allies of the empire ±“±±, ±µ
attacks on the empire ±, ±±°, ±, ±, ±µ,
Mistra, town in the Peloponnese, see also
“, “, , ·, °
despotate of the Morea
as contrasting ethnicity ±·, µµ, µ
under the Byzantine Romans (before the
despotate) ±±, ±µ, ±, °±, °“°,
±°, ±, °, “, ·“, , Pachymeres, George, historian µ, ±, µ
°, °, ± con¬‚icting ethnic and political identities
castle ±°, ±, ±µ, ° ±±“±±µ, ±±, ±·
palace , µ forms of self-identi¬cation ±±“±, ±µ°, ±µµ,
mixobarbaros , µ ·“·
Modon, town in the Peloponnese ±, ±, ± identi¬cations of the other ±“±·, ±±
Monemvasia, town in the Peloponnese °± life , ±°·“±°
ceded to the Byzantine Romans ±°, ±“±µ, outlook , ±°, ±±±“±±, ±, ±, ±µ
°, ° Palaiologos, Andronikos Asen, general °
under the Latins ±, ±± Palamas, Gregory, monk ±
in the twelfth century ± Paparrigopoulos, Konstantinos, historian ±µ, 
Mongols (Tatars) ±µ Patras, town in the Peloponnese ±, ±
as contrasting ethnicity ±, ±·, ±, ±µ, ±, Pechenegs °, , 
±µµ, ±·, µ,  Pelagius, cardinal ±°
war with the Ottomans , · Pelagonia, battle , ±°, ±±, ±, ±, ±·
monophysitism µµ, µ· armies at °°, ±
Mora¨tes °°,  Peloponnese, the µ“, ±±, µ“, “µ,
±
“, ·, °
Morosini, Thomas, Latin patriarch of
Constantinople ·, ·° before the Latin conquest µ°, ·, ±“±
Moschos, John, monk  Latin rule in µ, µ, ±°µ“±°, ±±“±°, ±·, ±µ,
Mourmoures, Peloponnesian family ±, ± ±··, °, ·
Muntaner, Ramon, writer µ re-establishment of Byzantine Romans in ±,
Murad I, Ottoman sultan  ±°, ±µ, µ“µµ, µ, ·
Myriokephalon, battle  Slavs of ±, ±, ·, °, , µ, µ, °
Peloponnesioi ±µ, ±·“±, °·, µ“µ, µ,
Nafplio, town in the Peloponnese ± ·µ, , °±
nationalism , ±“±· Peter de St Superan, prince of Achaia °“°
modern Greek “, ±µ“±·, ±,  Philanthropenos, Alexios, general ±±µ
Navarrese ±°, °“°,  Philip of Savoy, prince of Achaia ±, 
Philippopolis , ·, ±°µ
Nicholas Mystikos, patriarch of Constantinople
µ Philokalos, Peloponnesian °°, °±, °, µ
Nikaia, empire of , ·µ, ±°, ±±, ±, ±µµ, °°, Phokaia ±µ·, ±, ±µ“±·, ±
±°, · Phrantzes (Sphrantzes), George, historian 
con¬‚ict with Epiros µ“, ±°, ±°µ, ±°·, ±±, Pisa, Pisans , 
±, ±, · Plato 
con¬‚ict with the Latin empire , µ, , ± Poimanenon ±°

Index
Polemitas, village in the Peloponnese  in the Chronicle of the Morea ±“±µ
polyethnicity within the empire , , , µ, in Kantakouzenos 
·“, , ±, ±·, µ“µ in Pachymeres ±±
Pousgousae, Lake (Lake Beysehir) , ·, ±± Robert de Courtenay, Latin emperor , ±
¸
Robert Guiscard, duke of Apulia , ±, 
prejudice between elite and other groups
Constantinople versus the provinces “µ±, µµ, Robert of Taranto, prince of Achaia °
°“±, “·°, ·, , ±±“±±·, ±··, °, Roger II de Hauteville, king of Sicily “
, µ“µµ, µ·“µ Roger de Flor, Catalan leader ±±°, ±, ±
romances , “µ, ·, ··, ·
Constantinople versus those outside the
empire ±, , · Romanos IV Diogenes, emperor “, 
Russia, Russians ·, , °, , °
principality of the Morea, see Achaia,
principality of
Prinitsa, battle °, ·, µ St George, castle in the Peloponnese °, µ,
Prodromos, Theodore, writer  , 
pronoia ±“±, ±,  St Omer, Nicholas de, Peloponnesian , ±
Psellos, Michael, writer “ Saladin µ, 
ptochoi ±°“±±, ±,  Santameri, settlement in the Peloponnese °

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