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20 Chapter 1

Table 1-3 WebSphere Portal Platforms
Hardware IBM-compatible PC with Windows 2000
Server with Service Pack 2 or Service
Pack 3, Windows 2000 Advanced Server
with Service Pack 2 or Service Pack 3,
Red Hat or SuSE operating environment
IBM pSeries with AIX, version 5.1 ML3 or
version 5.2 operating environment
Sun processor with Solaris operating
environment, version 8
IBM zSeries or IBM S/390 R Parallel
Enterprise ServerTM capable of running
SuSE Linux Enterprise Server, version 7
(31-bit) operating environment

Software AIX V5.1, 5.2, 5.3
RedHat Enterprise Linux AS for Intel
RedHat Linux for Intel (—86) 8.0 2.4
RedHat Linux for zSeries 7.2 2.4
Solaris 9 (Fix level: 9 12/2002)
Solaris 8 (July 29, 2002 or later)
SuSE Linux for Intel (—86) 7.3 2.4
SuSE SLES for Intel (—86) 7 2.4
SuSE SLES for Intel (—86) 8 2.4
SuSE SLES for S/390 8 2.4
SuSE SLES for S/390 7 2.4
Windows 2003 Standard
Windows 2003 Enterprise
Windows 2000 Advanced Server SP2+
Windows 2000 Server SP2+

Databases IBM Informix, version 9.3 or version 9.4
Cloudscape, version 5.1 with Fix Pack 13
Microsoft SQL Server Enterprise 2000
Service Pack 3
DB2 Universal Database for z/OS and
OS/390, version 7.1
DB2 Universal Database Enterprise
Server Edition, version 8 with Fix Pack 1
DB2 Universal Database, version 7.2 with
Fix Pack 7 and Fix Pack 8
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Introducing WebSphere Portal 21

Table 1-3 (continued)
Oracle 8i, version 8.1.7
Oracle 9i, version

LDAP Servers IBM Directory Server, version 4.1 and version 5.1
Lotus Domino Enterprise Server, version 5.0.12
Lous Domino, Release 6.0
Sun ONE (formerly iPlanet) Directory Server 5.0
Microsoft Active Directory (as included with
Windows 2000 Server)
Novell eDirectory 8.6

Web Browsers Windows platform:
Internet Explorer 5.5 and 6.0
Opera 6.0, 6.1, and 7.0
Windows, Linux, AIX, Solaris operating environment:
Netscape 6.2 or 7.0
Mozilla 1.0.2, 1.2.1, and 1.3

What™s New in WebSphere 5.0 (including 5.0.2)
WebSphere Portal version 5.0 offers signi¬cant improvements over Web-
Sphere Portal version 4.2.1, among which are the following:
Installation is now simpler and more reliable.
Cloudscape, a Java database, is installed automatically. Cloudscape
requires no con¬guration and is maintenance free.
Con¬guration utility is provided to easily customize WebSphere
Porter to use other databases, LDAP Servers, or Web servers.
Improved database and LDAP server support
Basic support for WSRP 1.0
Basic support for JSR 168
Web Clipping Portlet has been updated to make clipping portlets
simpler to create and perform better.
Search has been greatly enhanced that enables you to ¬nd, index,
categorize, summarize, and support more than 200 documents.
Search will enable you to de¬ne your our own category tree or it will
automatically categorize using 2,400 prede¬ned categories.
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22 Chapter 1

Cooperative portlets that enable dynamic portlet interaction on a
Portal pages can be arranged in a tree hierarchy. Administration is
much easier because the child pages can inherit the parent™s
Application Portlet builders enable you to rapidly create portlets to
access and manipulate data from an enterprise application.
Improved navigation through Portlet menus. Portlet menus can be
created using static XML or dynamically generated.
Ability to map user-friendly URLs to pages so you don™t have to use
cryptic portal URLs
A new document repository and management system called PDM.
PDM also provides the ability to author documents such as text,
word, spreadsheet, and presentations in the portal.
The administrative interface has been enhanced with new
administrative portlets, improvements in the Navigation, new and
improved themes and skins, and context-sensitive links.
Lotus Collaboration Center has been enhanced with portlets for
People Finder, support for QuickPlace in My Lotus Team workplaces,
support for Sametime in Lotus Web Conferences, and more.
The business portlets have been enhanced by adding an Internet Mail
Box, single Notes and iNotes portlet, a Newsgroup portlet, and
Mylist portlet (simple check-off list).
XML access, which is the batch processing interface for the portal,
has been enhanced in function and documentation.
Improved handling of error messages by enabling error messages to
be localized
Transcoding can now be used at the portlet level by administrators.
Portal Toolkit has been updated for version 5 and includes new and
improved Wizards.
Improve performance through WAS cluster support, performance
instrumentation, reduced session data, uni¬ed caching architecture
based on Dynacache, smarter invalidation, and faster login times

In this chapter we introduced you to portals, which is the WebSphere
product family, and more importantly to WebSphere Portal. We gave you
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Introducing WebSphere Portal 23

grounding on the WP architecture, its packaging, and supported platforms.
We showed some great features introduced in this version. Now that we
wetted your appetite by telling you at a high level all the great things about
the WebSphere Portal, let™s we give you some substance. The rest of the
book will show you how to install and use the product for an Enterprise en-
vironment. We will start with the ¬rst steps so you can install the product in
various environments and program a simple portlet. After each chapter we
will build upon the topic so that by the time you complete reading the book
you will be able to deploy WebSphere Portal in an enterprise environment.
In the next chapter we will introduce step 1 to deploying WebSphere
Portal: installing a simple portal.
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WY009-02 WY009-BenNatan-v1.cls May 13, 2004 21:54


Installing WebSphere Portal on
Windows 2000 Server

Before WebSphere Portal version 5.0 came along, users had to dedicate an
inordinate amount of effort to ¬gure out how to successfully install Web-
Sphere Portal Server. Installations were complex, took a long time, and
required huge number of parameters to input. The installation process was
in¬‚exible and intolerant of incorrect parameters to the point where an in-
correct value would cause the installation to stall and the installation would
have to be manually backed out and redone. Users would feel great pride at
the end of the installation process that they were able to complete it, almost
like they got a 1600 on their SATs.
IBM clearly recognized that this situation was unacceptable. The com-
pany has made a huge effort to simplify the process. With WebSphere Portal
Extend, you need only four disks to get started. (You get 57 disks in all, but
the rest are to support different platforms and languages. They also include
products that you will need as your use of WebSphere Portal becomes more
sophisticated and your sites get larger.)

Getting Going: A Quick Install
So you want to install WebSphere Portal quickly on a clean system. Fig-
ure 2-1 shows that WebSphere Portal 5.0.2 is going to be installed on one
server, with WebSphere security not enabled. This includes the supporting
components WebSphere Application Server Enterprise version 5.0 Fix Pack
2 (with some additional ¬xes), IBM HTTP Server, and Cloudscape
V5.1.26. Cloudscape (really DB2 Java) is an install-and-forget database. It
is used to store information about user identities, credentials, permissions,

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26 Chapter 2

Figure 2-1 A simple installation con¬guration.

and documents. Designed to be maintenance free and dynamically tuned,
it is targeted for sites with less than 2,000 users. It is great for just getting
started with small-to-medium-size businesses.
First, you need some hardware, speci¬cally the following:

Pentium 4 processor at 1.4 GHz or higher
1 GB of RAM or more per processor (this is very important)
At least 3 GB of disk space on an NTFS ¬le system. If you are using
Cloudscape, which is the default database, you should have a lot
Network connectivity with a static IP address and a con¬gured
fully-quali¬ed host name. WP can work with a dynamic IP
con¬guration if you do not use single sign-on with WAS security
enabled. The portal system must be able to resolve an IP address
from its fully-quali¬ed host name.

On the software side, you need Windows 2000 Server or Advance Server
SP2+. It runs ¬ne on SP4. WP should work with the following browsers:

Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.5+ on Windows
Mozilla 1.0.2+ on Windows and Linux with the Java script enabled
Netscape Communicator 6.2+ on all platforms
Opera Web Browser 7.11+ on Windows

We really encourage IE 6.0 SP1 to be used for best results.
WY009-02 WY009-BenNatan-v1.cls May 13, 2004 21:54

Installing WebSphere Portal on Windows 2000 Server 27

Getting Information on Your Windows Server
Before you start, you need to perform some tasks on your Windows Server
to make it ready for the install. Speci¬cally:
1. Identify your service pack version by typing winver in a command
prompt. Make sure it is Service Pack 2 or greater.
2. Make sure you have a static IP address by going to Start ➪ Settings ➪
Network and Dial-Up connection. Right-click on your network
adapter LAN connection and select Properties. Select Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP) and click Properties. Ensure that Use the following
IP address is selected.
3. Make sure that your server has a fully quali¬ed host name and is


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