<<

. 36
( 38 .)



>>

Cambridge University Press, 1973).
Williams, Bernard, Descartes: The Project of Pure Enquiry (Harmondsworth: Penguin,
1978).
Williams, Bernard, Moral Luck: Philosophical Papers 1973“1980 (Cambridge: Cam-
bridge University Press, 1981).
Williams, Bernard, “Philosophy” in Moses Finley (ed.), The Legacy of Greece: A New
Appraisal, pp. 202“255.
Williams, Bernard, Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy (London: Fontana, 1985).
Williams, Bernard, “Reply to Blackburn,” Philosophical Books, 27/4 (October, 1986),
pp. 203“208.
Williams, Bernard, “The Need to Be Sceptical,” The Times Literary Supplement
(February 1990, 16“22), pp. 163“164.
Williams, Bernard, “Terrestrial Thoughts, Extraterrestrial Science: Review of
Hilary Putnam, Realism with a Human Face,” London Review of Books (7 February,
th



1991), pp. 12“13.
Williams, Bernard, Shame and Necessity (Berkeley: University of California Press,
1993).
Williams, Bernard, Making Sense of Humanity and Other Philosophical Papers: 1982“
1993 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995).
Williams, Bernard, “Replies,” J. E. J. Altham and T. R. Harrison (eds.), World, Mind
and Ethics, pp. 185“224.
Williams, Bernard, “Truth in Ethics,” Brad Hooker (ed.), Truth in Ethics, pp. 19“35.
Williams, Bernard, “Contemporary Philosophy: A Second Look,” The Blackwell
Companion to Philosophy, Nicholas Bunnin and E. P. Tsui-James (eds.), pp. 23“34.
Williams, Bernard, Plato: The Invention of Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1998).
211
Works Cited


Williams, Bernard, “Virtues,” Philosophy 1: A Guide Through the Subject, A. C.
Grayling (ed.) pp. 571“74.
Williams, Bernard, Truth and Truthfulness: An Essay in Genealogy (Princeton: Prince-
ton University Press, 2002).
Williams, Bernard, The Sense of the Past: Essays in the History of Philosophy, Myles
Burnyeat (ed.) (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2006).
Williams, Bernard, Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline, Moore, A. W. (ed.) (Prince-
ton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2006).
Williams, Bernard, “Tertullian™s Paradox,” Moore, A. W. (ed.), Philosophy as a
Humanistic Discipline, pp. 3“21.
Winch, Peter, The Idea of a Social Science and Its Relation to Philosophy (London,
Routledge, 1958).
Wittgenstein, Ludwig, Philosophical Investigations, trans. G.E.M. Anscombe, revised
edn. (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1974).
Wittgenstein, Ludwig, On Certainty (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1975).
Wollheim, Richard, The Thread of Life (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984).
Wong, David B., “Review Essay: Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy,” Philosophy and
Phenomenological Research, 49 (1989), 4, pp. 721“731.
Wood, Allen W., Kant™s Ethical Thought (New York: Cambridge University Press,
1999).
Woodruff, Paul, “Review of Shame and Necessity,” Ancient Philosophy, 16 (1996), 177“
80.
Zalta, Edward N. (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring, 2006 edition).
Index




absolute conception (Williams) anaitios (not guilty or not responsible),
as “a dualism of scheme and content” 174
(Davidson), 28“29 anangke (constraint), 177
and absolute representation, 63“70 Anthropology, moral ( philosophia
argument for the possibility of, moralis applicata), 126
33“36 appraisal, rational, appropriate
framework provided by, for standards of, 49
opposition to realism about Aristophanes, 162
ethics, 42“43 Aristotle, 57, 156, 157, 178
limitations of, 35“36 harmonization in, 160
McDowell™s caricature of, 28 Attic tragedians, 162
and realism, 26“43 attitude
substance of, 36 ecumenical, 30
absolute monarchy, 199 sectarian, 30“31
action autonomy, 89, 98, 124
rationally governed, 117 Ayer, A. J., 48, 50
and reason, 118
Adkins, Arthur, 162, 168“169, belief
171 about reasons, 83
Aeschylus, 176 fundamental and motivating, 84
Agamemnon, 145, 176 monotheistic, origins of (Hume), 182
agent as reason for action, 82
regret, 142 Berlin, Isaiah, 64
virtuous, 121 Blackburn, Simon, 51
agglomeration principle, 106 blame
aidos (shame), 170 as characteristic reaction of the
aitios (guilty or responsible), 174 morality system, 114
Ajax, 143, 145, 169“173 constituted elements involved in
akrasia (weakness of will), 82 moral, 95“97
Altham, J. E. J., 61“62 and ethics



213
214 Index


consequences/entailments, relaxed
blame (cont.)
sense of, 35, 41
and ethical reasons and obligations,
content
93“97
concepts of, 35
“proleptic” theory of, 96“97, 101
passively received, 28
blasphemy, 25
contextualism, 70
and cognitivism, 69
capital punishment, 86
inferential, 64“65
“Centers of Agency” (Williams),
Corelli™s violin sonatas, 120
164“168
Critique of Practical Reason (Kant),
“centralism” (Williams), 53
115“116
character, central to Greek philosophic
culpability, identi¬catory, 142“143
thought, 157
cultural experience as preparation for
chastity, 87
morality (Kant), 124“125
Christianity, 163, 182
Coetzee, J. M., 138
cognitivism Darwall, Stephen, 96
contextualist version of, 69 Darwin, Charles, 182
ethical, 47 Darwinism, accidentally subversive,
and ethical claims, 68 183
moral, realistic picture of, 66 Davidson, Donald, 28, 57
and moral error, 67“69 deliberation
objectivist distinguished from effective practical, 109
non-objectivist, 50“70 forms of, 80
concept, evaluative, 55“56 process of, 78“79
concepts democracy, secular liberal, 195“196
actively exercised, 28 Demosthenes, 162
evaluative, distinctive feature of, 56 Descartes (Williams), 24
thick ethical, 25“26, 32, 34, 35, 43, Descent of Man, The (Darwin), 183
48“50, 53, 56, 57, 59, 60, 62“63 desire
and demands on social as affective not cognitive state,
explanation, 55“56 81“82
and logical space (Moore), 53“54 based on false belief, 80“82
thin ethical, principles using, 62 de¬ned, 81
conceptualizations and motive, 81“82
attitudes toward, 30“31 Diderot, Denis, 178
incompatible, 31“32 Disgrace (Coetzee), 138
rival, 29“33 dissociation, 139
con¬dence, 60, 62 duty
conscience, 98 and feeling, 117
consciousness, historical, 156 happiness of others as a, 115“116
215
Index


and obligation, 117 Euripides, 177
perfect (Kant), 122 explanation, appeal to, 35
expressivism, 82
externalism, “morality/reasons”
effectiveness, requirement of, 87“89
(Darwell), 96
emotion, 106
determinant intentional content, 95
fact, reason-giving, 88“89
and reason, 118
“fact-defective” (Nozick), 190
enquiry
feeling, moral, 118
ethical, 65
Foot, Philipa, 48, 49
moral, traditions of, 67“69
Fossum, Merle A., 151
scienti¬c, self correcting mechanisms
Foucault, Michel, 182, 185
internal to, 65
“Foundations: Well-Being” (Williams),
structure of, 64
160“161
entailment, weak, 35. See also
free choice, 110
consequences/entailments.
free will
Epicureanism, 162
in acting, 123
ethical, conception of the, 167
as an illusion, 123
ethical judgments, noncognitive in
Kantian commitment to, 127
assessment, 51
and moral responsibility, 127“130
ethical knowledge, re¬‚ective
freedom, Kantian, 123
explanation for, 53
function, and genealogy, 197“200
Ethical Practical Necessity, 122
ethical properties, as anthropocentric
Gauguin, Paul, 143, 178
and real, 49
Geist, 166
“ethicized psychology,” 166“167
Genealogie der Moral (Nietzsche),
ethics, 104“130, 156“179
186
“realism” in, 101“102
genealogy
Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy
accidentally subversive, 182
(Williams), 43, 47, 48, 69, 91,
distinguished from history, 184“190
104, 105, 113, 155“161
distinguished from state-of-the
explaining knowledge in, 55
nature stories, 185“190,
indirect vindication of ethical
196“197
judgments in, 59
forms of, 181“184
objectivism, argument against, in,
intrinsically subversive, 182
57
as narrative, 185
objectivism and non-objectivism in,
neutral, 184
50
requirements of, 184
thought experiment in, 57
revealing function, 197“200
“ethnographic stance” (Williams), 55
vindicatory, 183“184, 195“196
Euclidean geometry, 37“38, 41
216 Index


Genealogy of Morals, The (Nietzsche), competitive values in, 168“170
182, 185 epics of, 164“168
Gibbard, Allan, 51 heroes in, 156
Goodman, Nelson, 39“42 and a “system” of action, 165“168
government, origins of (Hobbes), 185 Hume, David, 79“85, 102, 108, 182,
gratitude, 85, 87“88 187“188, 192, 193“194,
Greek philosophy, distinguished from 197
Greek literature, 158 “hyperre¬‚ective standpoint,” 58
Groundwork (Kant), 113, 122, 123 hypertraditionalism
guilt avoiding the predicament of,
distinguished from shame, 146“153, 63“70
173 in society, 50
identi¬catory, 142“143 objectivist model of, 66
not restricted to acts, 136 and thick ethical concepts, 58
over a particular act, 136“140 understanding, 54“70
primarily of acts, 137
and shame, 145“146 idealism, as speculation, 156
as shame before God or oneself, 156 ideals
shortcomings of, 135“153 reason-giving force of, 92
situation arousing, 147 imperative
without shame, 139“140 categorical (Kant), 119
without shame: pathologies and hypothetical (Kant), 119
mistakes, 136“140 inclination, 110, 122“126
and obligation, 123
Hare, R. M., 48, 50 indignation, 148
Heal, Jane, 51 indirect vindication of ethical
Hegel, G. W. F., 98“99, 178 judgments, failure of, 59“63
“hermeneutics of suspicion” (Ricoeur), inescapability, 108
101 in¬delity, 25
Herodotus, 162, 185 instrumentalism, 96
heteronomy, 168“175 intelligibility, limits of, 56
“hinge propositions” (Wittgenstein), internalism
66, 70 the case for, 85“89
history, distinguished from genealogy, cognitive, 89, 90, 98“99
184“190 and morality, 97“102
Hobbes, Thomas, 182, 185, 192“193, de¬ned, 73“102
194 and Humean model of practical

<<

. 36
( 38 .)



>>