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Harlequin romances, 335, 336, 342 institutional theory of art, x, 2, 3, 6, 22, 65, 75,
Harrington, Michael, 151, 152 81, 83, 103, 104
Harry Potter series,The, 45 intentional fallacy, xi, xii, 32, 36, 158, 180, 182,
Hartley, David, 324 190“197, 199
Hauck, Charlie, 347 intentionalism, 4, 157“180, 180“190, 190“197,
Hazlitt,William, 247, 327 197“213, 395, 417
heavy metal music, 297 In the Desert, 260
hedonism, 178 INUS condition, 124, 125, 131, 133, 409
Hegel, G.F.W., 136, 138, 149, 325, 400 Invisible Man,The, 236
Hemingway, Ernest, 281 irony, 139, 140, 152, 154, 178, 179, 188, 189,
Henenlotter, Frank, 236 200, 209, 333
Hepburn, R.W., 368 Isenberg,Arnold, 405
hermeneutics of suspicion, 4, 180“189 It, 251, 252
heuristic pathway, 406, 442
High Energy Bar, 83 Jakobson, Roman, 106
historical constructivism, 85 James, Henry, 166
Hitchcock,Alfred, 255, 256, 310 James Joyce™s Ulysses, 212
Hobbes,Thomas, 246, 247, 324 James, M.R., 236
Hoberman, J., 175, 416 Jarry,Alfred, 104, 109“113
Hogarth,William, 99 Jaws, 240, 261
Homer, 64, 159 Jesus, 211
homospatiality, 348, 349, 351, 353, 354, 355, jokes, 317“335, 435
357, 358, 358, 362, 363, 364, 366, 367, 438, Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious, 319
439 jokework, 319, 320, 321
House of Frankenstein, 238, 239, 253 Jonathan Livingston Seagull, 178
“Howl”, 165 Jones, D.J.H., 341
Hugo,Victor, 165 Joyce, James, 83
“Humbug”, 236 Joy Luck Club,The, 281
Humean causation, 160 Judex, 286
Hume, David, 11, 294, 303, 376, 398 Jurassic Park, 240, 268, 336, 342“343
Humpty-Dumpty-ism, 197“198, 200
horror-comedy, 235-254 Kafka, Franz, 158
Hunchback of Notre Dame,The, 165 Kahlo, Frida, 212
Hutcheson, Francis, 23, 24“30, 35, 36, 37, 38, Kant, Immanuel, 23, 28“38, 44, 53, 54, 56, 57,
44, 249, 397, 398, 400, 401 172, 285, 308, 323“324, 365, 380, 386,
Hutchinson, Peter, 9 392“394, 397, 398, 399, 401
Huxley,Aldous, 166 Kaprow,Allen, 93
hyperbole, 333 Keaton, Buster, 248, 325
Hynes, James, 236 Kennick,William, 79
hypothetical intentionalism, 4, 199“213, 395, 419 Kermode, Frank, 419
Kierkegaard, Soren, 177, 247, 248, 327
Ideal Chronicler, 412 Killer Klowns from Outer Space, 251, 252
identification, 224“225, 228, 231, 262, 272, King Kong, 254, 256, 336
274, 291, 306, 307, 311, 313, 338 King Lear, 286, 296
INDEX 447
King, Stephen, 241, 244, 251, 252, 335 Mars, 343
kitsch, 345 Mars Attacks, 236
Knebel, Fletcher, 259 Martin, Steve, 317
Koestler,Arthur, 247, 327 Maus, 280
Koontz, Dean, 236 marxism, 273
Kosinski, Jerzy, 177 Marx, Karl, 138, 151
Kuhn,Thomas, 159, 413 May, Karl, 260
Kurth, Peter, 207, 208 McFarlane,Todd, 423
McNally™s Luck, 341
Lake Effect,The, 342 Measure for Measure, 286
Lakoff, George, 365 Medea, 281
L.A. Law, 219 Meet Me in St. Louis, 287
Lang, Fritz, 3551., 352 meiosis, 333
Langer, Susanne K., 64, 83 Melville, Herman, 165
Larson, Gary, 236 Men in Black, 236
Laye, Camara, 105 meta-criticism, 190
Leach, Edmund, 245 Metahistory, 139
Le Corbusier, 70 meta-jokes, 330
Le Fanu, Sheridan, 236 Metamorphosis, 158
Leonard, Elmore, 255, 335 metaphor, 140, 152, 347“368
Letter to M. D™Alembert, 282 metonymy, 140, 152
Leviathan, 246 Metropolis, 351“353, 359
Levin, Ira, 338 Michaels, Leigh, 342
Levinson, Jerrold, 82, 95-98, 99, 113, 114, 201, Middlemarch, 281
207, 403 Mill on the Floss,The, 287
Levi-Strauss, Claude, 134 minimalism, 43, 51, 105, 299
Leviticus, 245 Mink, Louis, 134, 136
L.H.O.O.Q., 7 minuets, 297
L.H.O.O.Q. Shaved, 7 Miser,The, 287
Librarian,The, 366, 440
Mixed Blessings, 343
litotes, 333
Moby Dick, 165
Locke, John, 24
moderate autonomism, 301“306, 431
Lodge, David, 173
moderate moralism, 293“306
Long, Richard, 93
Modern Dance, 72, 83, 402
Lord of the Flies, 280
modest actual intentionalism, 198“213, 419
Lost World,The, 336
“Modest Proposal,A”, 209
Louis, Morris, 16, 85, 93
Molière, 287
Lowenberg, Ina, 364
Monro, D.H., 247, 327
Lucretius, 165
Moore, G.E., 37
Moor™s Last Sigh,The, 192
Macbeth, 111
Morreall, John, 247, 436
Macheray, Pierre, 185
Morris, Robert, 51
MacIntyre,Alastair, 11, 118
Morrison,Toni, 280, 293
Mackie, J.L., 124, 405
“Most Dangerous Game,The”, 255
Madame Butterfly, 298
Mother, 166
Magritte, Rene, 349, 364
Mothersill, Mary, 413
Mahabharata,The, 165
MTV, 72, 353
Mailer, Norman, 415
Mulvey, Laura, 269
Malevich, Kasimir, 10
Murder at the MLA, 341
Mallarme, Stephane, 9, 52, 53, 83, 162
Murder of Roger Ackroyd,The, 133, 336
Mamet, David, 280
Murder on the Orient Express, 258, 336
Mandelbaum, Maurice, 22, 404
Murder, She Wrote, 258
Manet, Edouard, 108
Murders in the Rue Morgue, 340
Man for all Seasons,A, 233
“Musgrave Ritual”, 308
Man with a Movie Camera, 192
My Girl, 338
Marcuse, Herbert, 2, 51“58, 273
Mysterious Island, 185-189
Margolis, Joseph, 135, 150
mystery, 257, 258, 336, 341
Mark (saint), 211
448 INDEX
narrative connection, the, 118“133 Philadelphia, 260, 288
narrativism, 75, 442 Phillipon, Louis, 357“358
Nathan, Daniel, 417 Photographie: Nouveau Procede, 99
Natural Born Killers, 289 photomontage, 349“350
natural environmental model, the, 369, 371, physical noncompossibility, 355, 357, 358, 362,
372, 373, 375, 378, 380, 385, 387, 390, 391, 363, 364, 365, 366, 367
392, 393, 394 picaresque, 70, 129, 130
nature appreciation, 368“384, 384“394 Picasso, Pablo, 349, 440
Nausea, 166 Pilgrim™s Progress, 280
Needful Things, 242, 252, 422 Placid City Monument, 38
Neels, Betty, 342 Plan, 9 from Outer Space, 115, 175-178
Neill,Alex, 429 Plato, 77, 168, 218“225, 228, 231, 272, 273,
neoimpressionism, 83, 101 274, 280, 292“293, 294, 295, 299
Neo-Realism, 402 Platonism, 272, 273, 274, 275
neo-Wittgensteinian intentions, 160“161, 163 Poe, Edgar Allen, 237, 247, 340
New Criterion, 294 “Poème symphonique”, 7
New Criticism, 37, 161, 185, 208, 399, 414 Poetics, 7
Nietzsche, Friedrich, 134 pointillism, 377
Nightmare on Elm Street, 240 Poires, Les, 357
Night of the Living Dead,The, 246 Polanski, Roman, 424
Nijinsky,Vaslav, 89 Pollock, Jackson, 105, 106
North by Northwest, 239, 255, 344 poststructuralism, 208, 270
Nozick, Robert, 178 postulated authorism, 199, 205, 206
Nussbaum, Martha, 287, 428 Potemkin, 262, 279, 296
Pound, Ezra, 101
object paradigm, the, 371, 372, 373, 374, 375 pragmatic account, 43, 49“51, 59
Odyssey,The, 64 Prague Structuralism, 106
Oedipus Rex, 56, 127, 262, 286 Prentice, Deborah, 312
Offenbach, Jacques, 110 Presley, Elvis, 105
Oldenburg, Claes, 38, 350“351, 358 Pride and Prejudice, 286
Oleanna, 280 primary imagining, 309, 310
Olsen, Stein Haugom, 413 Prince, Gerald, 122
Olympia, 108 procedural theories, 101
ontological argument, the, 161“170, 173., 179 Psycho, 237, 240, 339
open-concept argument, 64, 65, 69, 75, 79 psychoanalysis, 215, 216, 222, 255, 268“269,
“Open Window,The”, 237 319, 320, 322, 337“339
order argument, the, 370, 381“383 psychological realism, 70
Osborne, Harold, 38 Publish and Perish, 236
Ouologuem,Yambo, 105 Pudovkin,V.I., 93, 95
Our Mutual Friend, 226 Pulp Fiction, 300
Outbreak, 227 puppets, 252, 253
Ox-Bow Incident,The, 279 Pussy King of the Pirates, 129, 195
Pynchon,Thomas, 70
Palmer, Frank, 291, 430
paradigm scenario, 420 quality detection, 60“62
paradox of junk fiction, 335-347, 437 Quiet Professor,The, 342
paradox of fiction, 233“235 Quintilian, 325
paradox of suspense, 254“270, 424, 425“426
parataxis, 350 Rabelais, Francois, 211
Parenthood, 317 Rabid Grannies, 248
Paretsky, Sara, 335 radical autonomism, 295-301, 305, 431
Pascal, Blaise, 419 radical moralism, 299
Patriot Games, 255, 257, 260 radical reinterpretation, 402, 403
Peer Gynt, 279 Raiders of the Lost Ark, 255
performance art, 94, 116, 117 Raisin in the Sun,A, 283“284, 429
Pericles, 64 Rami, Sam, 236
Perrot, Jules, 68 rapping, 108
Perry Mason, 258 Raskin,V., 327
INDEX 449
Ray, Man, 349“350, 382 secondary imagining, 310, 311, 312
Re-Animator, 237 seeing-as, 351
recidivism, 254, 255, 256, 268, 269, 270, 337, 424 Semantic Analysis, 386
Reed, Carol, 256 Seven Days in May, 257
“Relation of the Poet to Day-Dreaming,The”, shaggy-dog stories, 330
337 Shakespeare,William, 64, 159, 280
Renard, Jules, 104, 109 Shane, 287
Renoir, Jean, 42 Sharpe, R.A., 86
repetition, 402, 405, 406 Shaw, George Bernard, 91, 195
repudiation, 402, 405, 406, 407 Sheldon, Sidney, 335
retrospective significance, 125, 127 Shelley, Mary, 236, 286
Return of the Vampire,The, 241 shifting dominant, the, 106
Rhetoric, 286 Sibley, Frank, 398
Ricoeur, Paul, 135, 413 side-participation, 312
Roberts,Thomas, 335, 337, 339, 340 sight gags, 325, 435
robinsonade, 185 significant form, 30, 31, 33, 34, 64, 102, 397
Robinson, Jenefer, 224 Silence of the Lambs, 240, 289
Robinson Crusoe, 185 simulation theory, 4, 306“316, 430, 433
robust relativism, 135 Sleepless in Seattle, 343
Rodell, Marie, 259 Sleep of Reason,The, 64
Roiphe,Anne Richardson, 283 smurfs, 105, 106
romance, 134, 139, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156 Socialist Realism, 356
Romanticism, 69, 77, 90, 91 Socrates, 168
Ronde, La, 193 sophists, the, 24, 36
Rorty, Richard, 118 source domain, 438
Rosa, Salvator, 371 Soviet Constructivism, 58
Rosemary™s Baby, 338 Soviet montage, 69, 93
Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead, 139 Sparshott, Francis, 374
Rostand, Edmond, 110 Spawn, 423
Rothbart, Mary, 253 speech-act theory, 162, 168, 200
Rothenberg,Albert, 438 Speed, 227
Rothko, Mark, 51 Spider-man, 19
Rousseau, Jean-Jacques, 282, 287, 288 stage-one essentialism, 64
rule of significance, 177 stage-two essetialism, 65
Rushdie, Salman, 193, 201 Stand by Me, 209“210
Russell, Ken, 298 Standing Woman, 361
Russian Formalism, 83, 106, 126, 428 Star Trek, 273
Russian Futurism, 83 Star Wars, 241
Rustlers of West Fork,The, 341 Stecker, Robert, 406
Ryle, Gilbert, 222, 286 Steel, Danielle, 335, 343
Steichen, Edward, 117
Saki, 237 Stein, Gertrude, 83, 101
Salem™s Lot, 217 Stella, Frank, 217
Sanders, Lawrence, 341 Stella Dallas, 217
Sardou,Victorien, 110 Stillwatch, 335
Sartre, Jean-Paul, 166, 273 stoics, the, 24
Satanic Verses, 193 story forms, 122, 126, 129
satire, 134, 139, 151, 152, 153, 156 Stowe, Harriet Beecher, 226
Scarlet Letter,The, 279 Strange, Glen, 421
scenery model, the, 371“372, 373 Straw Dogs, 256
Schiller, Friedrich, 273 Stroheim, Eric, 287
Schindler™s List, 281, 290 Structure of Scientific Revolutions,The, 159, 160
Schopenhauer,Arthur, 33, 247, 248, 317, 327 sublime, 380
Schwarzkogler, Rudolf, 116 Sunrise, 316
science-by-elimination argument, the, 370“376 superimposition, 350, 353, 354
Scorpio Illusion, 260 superiority theory of laughter, 247
Scrooged, 236 Superman, 264
Scruton, Roger, 435 surprise theories of humor, 324
450 INDEX
surrealism, 115, 169, 381, 382 Up the Sandbox, 283
Swabey, Marie, 327 Urmson, J.O., 8, 28
Swift, Jonathan, 209 Usual Suspects,The, 133
Swiss Family Robinson,The, 185 utopianism, 272, 273, 274, 275
switch-images, 351
Sylphide, La, 68, 192 van Gogh,Vincent, 116
Symbolism, 110 Vanity Fair, 280
Symposium, 280 Venturi, Robert, 70
symptomatic reading, 181, 185, 187, 215 verbal images, 439
synecdoche, 140, 152 verbal opposition theory, 359
synthesis, 402, 403 Verne, Jules, 185“189
syuzhet, 126 Vertigo, 336
Vertov, Dziga, 192
Taglioni, Filippo, 68 Vico, Giambattista, 370
Tales from the Crypt, 236 Viol, Le, 349, 353, 357, 363, 366
target domain, 438 Violon d™Ingres, 349“350, 352
Tarzan, 337 Virtual Reality, 343
Taylor,A.J.P., 139 visual metaphor, 347“368
technical theory of art, 218
tendentious jokes, 319, 320, 321 Walpole, Horace, 236, 421
Ten Little Indians, 336 Walton, Kendall, 76, 303, 376, 377, 406,

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