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companies, 167
embracing CSR, 7, 8
environmental reporting, 74
Saro-Wiwa, Ken, 22 23
government ownership, 30
Sasol
international expansion, 33 34
environmental reporting, 71, 74
oil spills, 76
revenue transparency, 139
passive reactions rather than
social development spending,
entrepreneurial initiatives, 34
revenue transparency, 139 109 110
Saudi Aramco
social development spending, 105
control over major portion of world™s
social responsibility, 31
oil, 8
PetroChina, investing in repressive
environmental reporting, 87
regimes, 8
social development spending,
petroleum, 40
Petronas 105 108
Schlumberger, 57
environmental reporting, 74, 85
seismic surveys, 42 44
paying undisclosed sums to Chad
shareholder concerns, 174 176
government, 152
Shell
philanthropy, 4 6
as a leader in corporate citizenship, 7 8
Porter, Michael, 90
climate change strategies, 28 29
PR priorities, and development efforts,
corruption in Nigerian subsidiary
119 120
Prestige oil spill, 94 SPDC, 123, 161
crises forcing CSR, 21 23
pricing of oil, 47
CSR advertising claims, 119
ProNatura, 114
effectiveness of Nigerian
public expectations, 1
development projects, 121 122
EITI support, 142
Raymond, Lee, 28
indirect carbon emissions, 96 97
recommendations
Kyoto treaty, 27
for companies, 171 173
Okoroba village hospital
for future CSR, 173 176
replacement, 119
resource curse, 134 161, 164
PRAs (participatory rural appraisals)
Revenue Management Program (Chad),
in Nigeria, 129
143, 144, 152 153
social development spending, 105,
revenue savings funds, Azerbaijan, 143
revenue transparency 110, 111
stakeholders, 49 50
as only governance issue addressed, 139
Sustainable Community Development
effectiveness of, 154 155
(SCD) unit, 113
Rice, David, 23
sustainable development, 98 99
ROSCs (Reports on the Observance of
three town halls in one village,
Standards and Codes), 156
Ross, Michael, 159 160 118, 125
Royal Dutch Shell, 181. See Shell use of CSR to maintain ˜licence to
RSPB (Royal Society for the Protection operate™, 118
of Birds), 60 Shell International Renewables (SIR), 98
Index 207
*




Tangguh LNG project, BP, 112 113, 132
Shell Petroleum Development
tankers, oil spills, 76
Company (SPDC), 118
term contracts, 48
SIR (Shell International
Tillerson, Rex, 28
Renewables), 98
Torrey Canyon oil spill, 93
site-level data, 84
Total
Social Bonus Fund, 116 117
EITI support, 142
social responsibility
environmental reporting, 74
emerging economy companies, 31
social development spending, 105
upstream oil activities and,
TOVALOP (Tanker Owners™ Voluntary
48 49
Agreement concerning Liability
Society™s Changing Expectations
for Oil Pollution), 67
project, 23
transparency
SOFAZ (State Oil Fund of the
benefits, 145 147
Azerbaijan Republic), 143, 154
BP™s Angola initiative, 138 141
solar power
Exxon prior research in, 29, 181, See conditions of success, 147 151
also BP Solar in health services, 146
limitations, 149 153
Sonatrach Petroleum Corporation
Transparency International, 161
control over major portion of world™s
oil, 8
UN Global Compact, 167
social development spending, 108
universal standards, limits of, 38 39
sour gas, 41 42
upstream activities, 46
South Africa, CSR definition, 4
USAID (U.S. Agency for International
SPDC (Shell Petroleum Development
Development), 103 104
Company), 118
Utting, Peter, 160
spot market, 47
stakeholder pressure, CSR strategies
van der Linde, Claas, 90
and, 21 25, 30 32, 35
van der Veer, Jeroen, 98
stakeholder theory, 13, 15 16
Venezuela, attitude to foreign oil
stakeholders, 15, 62 63
Shell, 49 50, 181, See also shareholder companies, 167
voluntary initiatives, 67 68
concerns
Voluntary Principles on Security and
steel tubes, vs chrome, 79
Human Rights, 61
Sullivan, Rory, 84
sustainable development
and CSR, 99 101 water injection, 44 45
and eco-efficiency, 97 98 well blow-outs, 64
inclusion in Shell Group™s wet gas, 41 42
Statement of General Business World Bank, 55 56
Principles, 23
sweet gas, 41 42 Zoellick, Robert, 163

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