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307
Index


Department of Housing and Urban computer-assisted reporting
Development (U.S.), 205 and, 201“202
Department of Human Resources costs of providing, 203“204
Development (Canada), 92 databases, 201
Department of Public Works databases, digitization of,
(Canada), 93 201
Department of Transportation EFOIA and, 205
(U.S.), fatality reporting by, FOIA and, 204
201“202 government resistance to
desacato (defamation) laws, release of, 203“206
120 industry pressure on agencies to
developed countries not release, 206“207
court role in disclosure law journalist use of, 201“202
implementation, 116 material incentive for
recordkeeping in, 111“112. See government to release,
also individual country 205“206
developing countries, see soft states; unstructured data (metadata),
individual country 212“218
Dey, Nikhil, 2 effect of expansion/
Diamondback Correctional Facility, diversi¬cation of, 214
166“167 email, 214, 215
Diebert, Ronald, 147 email, as monitoring tool,
digitization, of government 216“217
documents email, presidential, 214“215
data aggregators, 207“212 increased costs of data
court records and, 211“212 provision, 217“218
dominant businesses in data increase in classi¬ed
aggregation, 208“209 documents, 213“214
government-collected personal original/derivative classi¬cation
data access and, 210 decision, 213“214
government reliance on, recordkeeping for, 225. (See also
problems with, 209“211 Electronic Document and
personal information types Records Management
extracted by, 208 Systems)
Social Security numbers and, technology effect on increase in
209 volume of, 213
unwittingly selling to identity Di Rita, Lawrence, 52
thieves, 209 disclosure laws
making sense of data, problems administrative costs for,
with, 218 112“114
move toward, 199“200 adoption by ¬rst/second wave of
paper record advantage over countries, 108“109
digital, 217“218 effectiveness as
reacting to, 225“227 corruption-¬ghting tools,
structured data, 201“207 122“123
academic/interest group use of, implementation by richer/poorer
202“203 countries, 115“116


308
Index


income source for administering, education
114“115 access to information in U.S., 165,
information seeking by 166
richer/poorer countries, privatization of schools, 151, 157
116“120 school admissions secretiveness in
of¬cial resistance to Thailand, 4
centripetal/centrifugal Egypt, on asbestos product ban,
pressures and, 102“103 183
change in governance structure Eigen, Peter, 110
role in, 102 Eisenhower, Dwight D., 14
in countries outside U.S., Electronic Document and Records
99 Management Systems
differing reaction among (EDRMS), 219“225
countries, 98“99 government agencies grapple with
intensi¬cation of, over time, heightened transparency,
99“100 222“224
in Japan, 99 potential of, 219“225
motives for, 103 potential of¬cial evasion of,
OECD countries and, 100 224“225
in United Kingdom, 100“101 user problem solver, 222
in United States, 98“99 Electronic Freedom of Information
pro¬le of ¬rst wave of countries to Act (EFOIA), 205
adopt, 107“108 Electronic Privacy Information
pro¬le of second wave of Center, 72
countries to adopt, 108. (See Ellsberg, Daniel, 47, 49, 73
also soft states) Ellwood, Brian, 94
suggested conditions essential for Elster, Jon, 36
adoption, 107“108 El Universal (Mexico), 6
Dismukes v. Department of Interior, Emergency Planning and
204 Community Right-to-Know Act
Dispute Settlement Mechanism (EPCRA), 203
(DSM; WTO), 178, 182 England, see United Kingdom
Driver Privacy Protection Act English, Bill, 95
(DPPA; U.S.), 210 English Revolution, 10
drug traf¬cking, 138 Enron Corporation, 62, 158“159
Dynacorp, 156 environmental groups
call for reform of DSM, 182“183
East Asia hydro-electric dam and, 5“6
IMF crisis management and, nuclear plants and, 41
189“190. See also individual toxic chemical information and,
country 203
East Germany, security service in Environmental Protection Agency
(Stasi), 27“29 (EPA), 39, 207
Echeverria, Luis, 6 Environmental Protection Agency
Economist, 8 (U.S.), 203
Ecuador, 34, 112 environmental safety, 202
Edison Schools, 151 Ethics in Government Act (1978), 59


309
Index


Etzioni, Amitai, 139 Feith, Douglas, 77
EU Council, 175“176 Fianna Fail government, 84
´
European Commission, 174, 175, Filmer, Robert, 10
177 Financial Times, on World Bank,
European Court of Justice, 176 187
European Union Finland, of¬cial documents in, 14
adoption of EDRM systems in, Fischer, Stanley, 192
219 Fleisher, Ari, 58
transparency in, 173“178 Florida, 210, 212
EU Council actions, 175“176 FOIA, see Freedom of Information
new disclosure regulation, 177 Act (FOIA; U.S.); individual
new procedures to access country
documents, 174“176 Ford, Gerald, veto of 1974
Ombudsman role, 175, 177 amendments to FOIA, 55
popular resistance to Foreign Intelligence Service Act
integration and, 174 (1978), 59, 72
U.S. multilateral legal assistance Foreign Intelligence Service Court,
treaties with, 138. See also 59, 72
individual country Foreign Policy, 17
Executive Order 12958, 35, 38 Fox, Vicente, 6, 31
Executive Order 13292, 35 France, 9, 151, 176“177, 178, 183
Frank, Barney, 186
Falconer, Charles, 105 Franks, Tommy, 76“77
Fallows, James, 47 Freedom of Information Act (FOIA;
Fatality Analysis Reporting System, U.S.), 13“14
of U.S. Department of abuse in military facilities and, 78
Transportation, 201“202 administration costs of, 114
Fay-Jones report, on prisoner abuse, Bush Administration (G. W.) and,
154 64, 71“72
Federal Advisory Committee Act classi¬ed information and, 35“36
(FACA; 1972), 15“16, 59, 62“63 expanded access to information
Federal Aviation Administration under, 58
(FAA; U.S.), 37“38 on ¬les for law enforcement
Federal Bureau of Information (FBI) purposes, 13
data aggregation industry and, forerunner to, 179
209 nongovernmental agencies and,
denial of evidence of impending 118
terror attacks, 74“75 resistance to, 98“99
secret support to former Nazi Rumsfeld support for 1966 Act,
of¬cials, 32 54“55
Federal Energy Regulatory Schlesinger on, 69
Commission (FERC; U.S.), 37, veto of 1974 amendments to, 55
40, 159 worldwide trend toward adoption
Federal Intelligence Surveillance of FOIA-style laws, 14“17
Court (FISC), 70 Freedom of Information Act
Federal Register, 13 Network, 120
federal tax law study, 202 French Revolution, 10


310
Index


GATT, 178 Haave, Carol, 142
Gauck, Joachim, 29 Hansard, 10
G-7 countries, law enforcement Hautala, Heidi, 176
collaboration among, 138 Hawaii, contractor information
General Accounting Of¬ce Act access in, 166“167
(1980), 59 Hazare, Anna, 3
General Accounting Of¬ce (GAO), health information access, 5, 87,
energy policy investigation by, 166, 202
62“63 He Guoping, 9
General Agreement on Tariffs and hepatitis C, 5
Trade (WTO), 179 Herbert, Bob, 234
General Agreement on Trade in Hersh, Seymour, 53, 78
Services (GATS; WTO), 179“180 homeland security, 37
Georgia, 119, 120 Homeland Security Act, 16, 65, 146
Germany, 15, 35, 151, 176“177, 178. Honecker, Erich, 27
See also East Germany Hoover, Herbert, 224
Ghana, Akosombo Dam project in, Houston Chronicle, on prisoner
185 abuse, 154
ghost detainees, 68“69 Howard, Michael, 106
Gibson, William, 79“80 Howard government, 96
Giddens, Anthony, 15 Human Rights Commission
Gill, Stephen, 55 (Pakistan), 111
Gilligan, Andrew, 82 Hungary, 6, 27, 29
Gingrich, Newt, 60 Huntington, Samuel, 56, 57
Glen Canyon Dam, 39, 40 Hutton Inquiry, 82“83, 216
Globe and Mail (Canada), 93 hyper pluralism, 57
Gonzales, Alberto, 64, 234
Gonzales, Monica, 31
´ ´ Immigration Department (Canada),
Government Accountability Of¬ce 89“90, 92
(GAO), 41 Immigration Service (New Zealand),
Government Executive, 208 95“96
Government in the Sunshine Act Imperial Hubris, 76
(1976), 59 India
Graham, Mary, 206“207 adoption of disclosure law in, 3“4
Great Britain, see United Kingdom on asbestos product ban, 183
Greenpeace, nuclear plants and, disclosure as corruption-¬ghting
41 tool in, 123
Greenwatch, hydro-electric dam on DSM reform, 183
and, 5“6 implementation of disclosure law
groupthink, 45“46, 47 in, 116“117, 120
Guangzhou, China, right to security establishment resilience
information in, 8“9 in, 34“35
Guantanamo Bay, 19, 37, 66
´ Security Of Information
Guardian newspaper, 105, Agreement with United
176 States, 133
Gulliver analogy, 59“62 U.S. multilateral legal assistance
Gutman, Daniel, 156 treaty with, 138


311
Index


Indonesia, 132, 193 U.S. Congress/transparency of,
Information Security Oversight 190“191
Of¬ce (ISOO; U.S.), 213, 214 International Records Management
Information Sharing Task Force Trust, 112
(FBI; U.S.), 143 International Red Cross (IRC),
Inspector General Act (1978), 59 access to Abu Ghraib prison,
Institute for Nuclear Power 68“69
Operations (U.S.), 159 International Rivers Network, 6
Interior Department (U.S.), citizen international trade, liberalization of,
rights and, 39 see World Trade Organization
Internal Revenue Service (IRS), 205 Internet, 70“71, 159, 161“162,
International Band for 203
Reconstruction and Internet Corporation for Assigned
Development (IBRD), 184, 187 Names and Numbers (U.S.),
International Committee of the Red 159, 161“162
Cross (ICRC), 68“69 Iran-Contra scandal, 214“215
international defense networks, Iraq
post-Cold War, 131“135 British intelligence and, 46, 82“83
bureaucracy to network move, post-war construction contracts,
147“149 202“203
European Union and, 134“135 U.S. intelligence and, 44“46, 68,
new global security architecture, 69, 75“77
139“147 U.S. post-war planning and,
United States 46“47. See also Abu Ghraib
domestic networks in, 139“147 prison
international intelligence Iraq Survey Group, 45
networks and, 135“138 Ireland
law enforcement and, 138“139 amendments to FOIA in, 86
Security Of Information contractor record disclosure
Agreements and, 132“135 requirements in, 153
International Development fee increase in, 32
Association (IDA), 184, 186, 187 Freedom of Information Act of,
International Helsinki Federation 84“86
for Human Rights, 109 right to information in, 7
International Media Lawyers Single European Act and, 174
Association, 120 Irish Sun, 85
International Monetary Fund (IMF), Irish Times, 84“85
157
crisis management and, 189“190 Jacobson, Joseph, 39
Pakistan and, 111 Jamaica, FOIA implementation in,
privatization and, 157 115“116
response to pressure for openness, Janawad, Rajasthan, India, 2
191“192 Janis, Irving, 45
surveillance efforts of, 192“193 Japan, 4“5, 15, 117, 138
transparency and, 188“193 Japanese Defense Agency, 99
Transparency and Ef¬ciency Act, Jiang Weiping, 121
190 Jiang Yangong, 122


312

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