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Index


Joint Congressional Inquiry into Lagos, Ricardo, 31
9/11 report, 42, 140, 143, 216 Latin America
Joint Intelligence Task Force, IMF crisis management and, 189
Combating Terrorism secret ¬le access after regime
(JITF-CT), 145 collapse in, 30“32
Joint Regional Information security establishment resilience
Exchange System (JRIES; U.S.), in, 33“34. See also individual
145“146 country
Joint Terrorism Task Forces (JTTFs; Latvia, security establishment
FBI), 134, 143“144, 145, 146 resilience in, 34
journalism, see story line, Law of Associations (Turkey), 119
journalistic Law Reform Commission
Judicial Watch, energy policy and, (Australia), 111“112
15“16, 62 Leahy, Patrick, 186
Justice Department (Canada), LeBlanc, Daniel, 93
journalist vs. legislator request, Lewis, Anthony, 234
92 Libertad de Informacion de M´ xico,
´ e
Justice Department (U.S.) 6
classi¬cation of already public Liberty Institute (Georgia), 119, 120
information, 65 Limpa-ovart, Sumalee, 4
database information withholding Living Rivers environmental group,
by, 205 39
on ethos of diplomatic lobby groups
con¬dentiality, 172 proliferation of, 56, 57. See also
misrepresentations by, 72 nongovernmental
on selling driver records, 210 organizations
Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995, 57
Kahn-Freund, Otto, 98 local law enforcement, collaboration
Karpinski, Janis, 53 with, 134, 144“146
Kasten, Robert, 186 Lord, Carnes, 15
Kay, David, 11 Los Angeles Times, on prisoner
Kean, Thomas, 67 abuse, 77
Kellner, Douglas, 236 Lott, Trent, 68, 213
Kelly, David, 82“83, 216 Lugar, Richard, 67“68
Kelwara, Rajasthan, India, 1“2, 3,
116“117 Madison, James, 160
Kenya, recordkeeping conditions in, Maharashtra, India, information
112 disclosure law adoption in, 3“4
Kissinger, Henry, 67 malpractice, by military medical
Klayman, Larry, 62 staff, 205
Kohl, Helmut, on Stasi record Management and Training
disclosure, 29 Corporation (U.S.), 155
Kohler, Horst, 191
¨ Matthews, Chris, 52
Krenz, Egon, 27 Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan
(MKSS), 1“3
Labour Party (U.K.), see Blair McCain, John, 216
government McCreevey, Charlie, 85


313
Index


McDowell, Michael, 85“86 Moussaoui, Zacarias, 44
McGregor, Theo, 158 Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, 36
McMahon Act (U.S.), 34 MSNBC, 52
McNamara, Robert, 47 muckrakers, 232
meatpacking industry, 232 multilateral legal assistance treaties
media (MLATs), 138“139
attitudes toward established Mumbai, Maharashtra, India,
institutions/government and, information disclosure law
15, 56 adoption in, 3“4
capacity to act on information Murphy, Kevin, 85
obtained through law, Musharraf, Pervez, 111
120“122 Myers, Richard, 52
change in organization of, 57“58 Myrdal, Gunner, 109
in¬‚uence on state™s crisis of
legitimacy, 101“102 Nader, Ralph, 14, 98“99, 178
media lines, 90, 92 NASA, investigation of shuttle
medical implant safety, 202 disaster, 216
memorandums of understanding National Academy of Sciences
(MOU), 132, 143“144 (U.S.), 41
metadata, see digitization, of National Energy Policy
government documents, Development Group (NEPDG;
unstructured data U.S.), 62“63
metric martyrs, 171 National Human Rights
Mexico Commission (Mexico), 31
agricultural trade liberalization National Intelligence Agency
of, 181 (Chile), 34
IMF crisis management and, 189 National Intelligence Estimate (CIA;
information disclosure law U.S.), 45, 68, 76
adoption in, 6 National Security Agency (U.S.), 65
secret ¬les access in, 31“32 National Security Archive, blocking
WTO/disclosure and, 182, 183 email destruction by, 216“217
Mielke, Erich, 28 National Security Archive (U.S.), 63,
Miller, John, 141 118
Ministerium fur Staatssicherheit
¨ National Security Decision
(Stasi), 27“29 Memorandum 119 (U.S.), 132
Mirror, 105 National Society Party (NSP;
Mitrokhin, Vasili, 29“30 Mexico), 2
Mitrokhin Archive, 29“30 National Strategy for Homeland
Mohammed, Khalid Sheikh, 75 Security (U.S.), 143
Moldavia, implementing disclosure NavCanada, 159“160
law in, 116 NEPDG, 15“16
Montana, media requests for Netherlands, 151, 174, 176
governor email in, 217 New Deal, 13
Morgenthau, Hans, 173 New Jersey, commercial
Mother Jones magazine, information use in, 206
computer-assisted reporting by, New Mexico, prison privatization in,
202 155


314
Index


New Transatlantic Agenda, 175 nongovernmental organizations
New York City Police Department, in advanced democracies, 162,
information sharing by, 140 164
New York Daily News, anti-leaking call for reform of DSM, 182“183
penalties and, 127 ex-Soviet Bloc countries and, 129
New Yorker, The, on prisoner abuse, funding of, 119“120
53, 234 in India, 116“117
New York Herald Tribune, on information requests made in
executive power, 12 behalf of citizens by, 116“117,
New York State, earnings from 120
driver record sales, 210 in Mexico, 6
New York Times need for capacity to act on
anti-leaking penalties and, 127, information, 120“122
128 in OECD countries, 165
Chinese journalist and, 121“122 personal economic
computer-assisted reporting and, security/disclosure, 165
201“202 pressure on soft states to adopt
consequence of leaks to, 128 disclosure laws, 109“110
local law enforcement/Joint public opinion and, 71
Terrorism Task Forces, in South Africa, 162“164, 168
144“145 in United States, 165, 169
on prisoner abuse, 77, 233, 234 North, Oliver, 215
on railroad industry, 202 North Atlantic Treaty Organization
on utility vehicle safety, 201“202 (NATO)
on worker safety, 202 information leaks and, 128“130
New Zealand, 35, 93, 94“96, 153 information sharing among
New Zealand Herald, 95“96 members of, 130“131
Nigeria, freedom of information bill Norway, NATO secrecy rules and,
in, 122 129
9/11 Commission nuclear plant information, 41
email and, 216 nuclear plant safety, 159
on information sharing, 42, 140, Nuclear Regulatory Commission
141 (NRC; U.S.), 38, 41
lost operational opportunities to Nuncas Mas (Never Again), 30
deter attacks, 42
proposed distributed-computing Oakland Tribune, 146
model for complex analysis, OECD countries, 100, 110, 165, 169
43 of¬ce of primary interest (OPI;
report on political/bureaucratic Canada), in amberlight process,
missteps before 9/11 attacks, 90
75 Of¬ce of United Nations High
Nixon, Richard, 14, 55“56 Commissioner for Human
Nixon administration Rights, 7
Pentagon Papers and, 47, 71, Oklahoma, prison information
73 access in, 166“167
presidential accountability under, OMB Watch (U.S.), 63, 118
69 O™Neill, Paul, 61, 73, 76


315
Index


Ontario, Canada, 32, 97, 153, 157, Poindexter, John, 215
220 Poland, 27, 29, 130
Open Democracy Advice Center political nonpro¬t organizations,
(South Africa), 120 abuses by, 202“203
Open Society, 110, 120 political process, public disaffection
Open Society Justice Initiative, 110, with, 236“237
116 political right, access to information
Operation Condor, 31 as, 168
Oppenheim, Jerrold, 158 Polonoroeste project (Brazil), 184
Oregon, potential withdrawal from Potter, Tom, 145
Joint Terrorism Task Forces Powell, Colin, 76, 130
partnership, 145 Presidential Records Act (1978),
O™Reilly, Emily, 85 58“59, 64
Organization of American States President™s Daily Brief (PDB), 74“75
(OAS), right to information and, Preston, Lewis, 186
109 Prewitt, Kenneth, 210
Oxfam, 179 prisoner abuse
in Afghanistan, 53
Pakistan, 78, 111, 116 American Civil Liberties Union
Palast, Greg, 158 and, 155
Panchayat Raj Act, 1 classi¬ed Army ¬les on,
“panopticism,” 55 Fay-Jones report on, 154
Paraguay, secret ¬le access after as following typical story line,
regime collapse, 31 232“235
Parivartan, 3 Houston Chronicle on, 154
Patriot Act, 70“77 Los Angeles Times on, 77
Pearl Harbor, 42“43 New Yorker on, 53
Pelosi, Nancy, 185“186 New York Times on, 77, 233, 234
Pelosi Amendment, 185“186 in Pakistan, 78
Pentagon, ban on images of cof¬ns as transparency maelstrom under
returning from Iraq, 72 Bush (G. W.) administration,
Pentagon Papers, 47, 71, 73 77“78, 80
People for the American Way Wall Street Journal on,
Foundation, 63 Washington Post on, 77, 234. See
People™s Daily (China), 8 also Abu Ghraib prison;
Perle, Richard, 61 Guantanamo Bay
´
“permanent campaign,” 102 prison privatization
personal information, access to in Australia, 152“153
nongovernmental, 165, 169 international Denmark-based
Peru, security establishment ¬rm, 151
resilience in, 34 in New Mexico, 155
Philippines, nongovernmental in Oklahoma, 166“167
organization funding in, 120 terms of contacts, 152
Phillis inquiry, 101, 103“104 in United States, 156“157,
Pinochet, Augusto, 31, 32 166“168
Plan of Attack (Woodward), 76 Privacy Act (1974), 59, 71



316
Index


privatization, 150“160 in Australia, 169
of defense sector, 151“152 in established democracy,
disclosure law applicability and, 168“170
152“160 in U.S., 169
absence of contract and, in advanced democracy, 160
156“157 inconsistencies in disclosure laws
accountability inconsistencies and,
and, 154“156 realities of reform in, 168“170
disclosure law in South Africa, threat to disclosure laws, 160“161.
162“164 See also privatization
documents held by contractors Pune, India, government corruption
vs. government, 153“156 in, 4
gaining access to contracts,
152“154 Quad countries, WTO transparency
self-regulatory organizations, and, 180, 181“182
159 Queensland, Australia, disclosure of
when government retreats prison contacts in, 153
entirely, 157
whistleblowers, 156 radiation experiments, in U.S., 32
of prisons (see prison railroad industry, 202
privatization) Rajasthan, India, information act in,
of schools, 151, 157 2“3
of social services, 153 Rather, Dan, 52
of toll highways/bridges, 151, 153 Rauch, Jonathan, 57
of utilities, 157 Reagan, Ronald, email destruction
regulatory failure, 158“159 and, 215, 217
U.S. approach to regulation, Records/Document/Information
158 Management System (RDIMS),
of water/sewer systems, 151. See 221“222
also public sector, Rees, Ann, 89
restructuring reinvented government, 151
Promotion of Access to Information Reno, Janet, 138
Act (PAIA; South Africa), Reporter™s Committee for Freedom
162“164, 166, 168 of the Press, 118
Provisions on Open Government Reston, James, 128
Information (Guangzhou, Rice, Condoleeza, 67, 74, 75
China), 8“9 Ridge, Tom, 141
Public Citizen (U.S.), 118 Right to Know Day, 6
Public Citizen v. OSHA, 204 Roche, James, 216
public opinion Rolling Stone magazine, classi¬ed
on government secrecy, 237 Army ¬les on prisoner abuse
on government trust, 236 and,
on prisoner abuse, 233 Romania, 6, 7, 29, 129“130
public sector, restructuring, 160“162 Roosevelt, Franklin D., 12, 14
access to information in private Rowley, Colleen, 74
hands Roy, Aruna, 2



317
Index

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