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Rumsfeld, Donald Indonesia and, 132
on Abu Ghraib prison, 52 right-to-information laws and,
on dangers of defense staff leaks, 133“134
65 tied to speci¬c projects, 134
Guantanamo detainees and, 19
´ Turkey and, 132
Gulliver analogy used by, 59“61 United Kingdom and, 132, 134
on Hussein regime, 12 security sector, transparency to
interrogation policy and, 69, counter poor analysis in, 48
77“78 Senate Banking Committee, on
mien before House and Senate legitimacy of IMF, 190
Armed Services Committees, Senate Intelligence Committee,
80 44“46, 68, 69, 127
on micromanagement of SETI project (University of
executive branch, 60 California), 43
on open government, 19, 51“52, Shanghai, China, right to
53, 54 information in, 8“9
on post-war planning, 47 Shenk, David, 18
support of 1966 FOIA, 54“55 Shield of Achilles, The (Bobbitt),
Russia, 29“30, 138, 189. See also 101“102
Soviet Union Shinseki, Eric, 18
SIDE (Argentina), 33
Sa¬re, William, anti-leaking Sierra Club, 15“16, 62
penalties and, 127 silence law, in prerevolutionary
SARS epidemic, 8, 122 France, 9
Satrak Nagrik Sangathan, 3 Silverstein, Ken, 202
Saudi Arabia, 67 Sinclair, Upton, 232
Saxton, Jim, 190, 191 Singer, Peter, 155“156
Scalia, Antonin, on FOIA, 55 Singh, Shankar, 1“2
Scarry, Elaine, 10 Single European Act (SEA), 174
Scheuer, Michael, 21 60 Minutes (TV program), 74
Schlesinger, Arthur Jr., 55, 69 60 Minutes II (TV program), 51,
Schlesinger, James, 78 54
Schuck, Peter, 98 Slovakia, 6, 7, 29, 34, 130
Schweiker, Richard, 225 Smith, Ian, 95“96
Scotland, security ¬rm contract Snell, Rick, 96
disclosure in, 153 Social Security Administration
Sector Facility Indexing Project (SSA), information requests for,
(EPA), 207 32, 114
Security Of Information Agreements Social Security Numbers, 210, 218
(SOIAs), in United States, Soderman, Jacob, 175
¨
132“135 soft states, 109
Australia and, 132, 133“134 administrative costs for disclosure
Canada and, 133“134 laws in
collapse of Soviet Union and, implementing disclosure laws in,
132“133 115“116
content of agreement, 133 “ownership” of disclosure laws in,
India and, 133 111


318
Index


pressure to adopt disclosure laws, Steinzor, Rena, 41
109“110 Stern, Carl, 14
reasons for adopting disclosure Stevens, John Paul, 208
laws in, 110“111 Stewart, Potter, 55
recordkeeping/civil service for Stiglitz, Joseph, 190
disclosure laws in, 111“112 story line, journalistic
software/music piracy, 138 archetypal, 231
Solana, Javier, 47 example of, 231“232
Solove, Daniel, 209 failure of, 234“236
Soros, George, 110 prisoner abuse story and, 232“235
South Africa progressive reformer use of, 232
failures in implementing Strauss, Leo, 61
disclosure law in, 116 Straw, Jack, 84, 104
municipal water contract structural pluralism, 151
disclosure in, 153 structured data, digitization of, see
nongovernmental organization digitization, of government
funding in, 120 documents, structured data
privatization of utilities in, 157 Students Right to Know and
right to information in [weapons Campus Security Act (U.S.),
deals], 7 165, 166
right to information/privatization Sulzberger, C. L., 128
in, 22 Summers, Larry, 185, 191
secret ¬le access after apartheid, supranational institutions
32 diplomatic con¬dentiality and,
security establishment resiliency 172“173
in, 35 in¬‚uence on Argentina, 172
Southeast Asian countries in¬‚uence on Uganda, 172
WTO/disclosure and, 183 in¬‚uence on United Kingdom, 171
Southern Metropolitan Daily, 122 in¬‚uence on United States,
South Korea, disclosure and, 193 171“172
Soviet Bloc states, former na¨ve view of transparency and,
±
IMF structural adjustment 193“195
agreements with, 189 transparency in, 193“195. See also
Soviet Union, 132“133. See also European Union;
Russia International Monetary Fund;
St. Louis Post-Dispatch, anti-leaking World Bank; World Trade
penalties and, 127 Organization
Stacks, John F., 63“64 Supreme Court (U.S.), 12, 66
Standard Oil, 232 Suskind, Ron, 76
Stasi (Ministerium fur ¨ Sweden, 8, 14, 129, 220
Staatssicherheit), 27“29 Switzerland, U.S. multilateral legal
state vs. federal law, on shared assistance treaty with, 138
information, 38 Sydney Morning Herald, 96, 97
steel producers, U.S., call for reform
of DSM, 182“183 Taguba, Antonio, 52
Steffens, Lincoln, 232 Taguba report, 12, 51“54, 68“69,
Stein, Janice Gross, 147 154


319
Index


Tanzania, recordkeeping conditions Transactional Records Access
in, 112 Clearinghouse (TRAC; U.S.),
Tarbell, Ida, 232 202, 205
Task Force on Governability of “transitional justice,” 36
Democracies, 56 transnational terrorism, 37
technology transparency
increased access to, 17“18 in international institutions (see
increase in amount of, 17“18 supranational institutions).
Internet, 70“71, 159, 161“162, See also disclosure laws;
203 transparency, limits to;
in pre-Revolutionary France, 9. individual country; individual
See also digitization, of organization
government documents transparency, limits to, 18“23
Tenet, George, 42, 46 after terrorists attacks on U.S.,
terrorist activity conviction study, 18“20
202 of collapsed government vs.
terrorist attacks, on U.S. present security sectors,
advantage of informed public 20
before, 43“44 effect of structural changes in
criticism of information access government on, 17“21
after, 38“41 First World vs. poor etc.,
limits to transparency after, 18“20 structural changes threatening
rise in government trust after, 12 transparency
secret CIA programs after, 37 networking, 21
security after, 36“37. See also 9/11 privatization, 21“22
Commission technology, 11“17. See also
terrorists transparency
activity conviction study on, 202 Transparency and Ef¬ciency Act
special access program to seize (IMF), 190
suspected, 8. See also prisoner Transparency International (TI),
abuse; terrorist attacks, on 110, 111
U.S. Transportation Safety
Teubner, Gunther, 98“99 Administration (U.S.), 38
Thailand, 4, 117 Treasury Board (Canada), 221“222
third party rule (NATO), 129, Treaty establishing the European
133 Community (TEC), 47“48
Thompson, James C., 47 Treaty of Amsterdam, 47“48, 177
Thurston, Anne, 112 Treaty on European Union (TEU),
“ticking bomb case,” 236 174
Time magazine, 53, 74 Trilateral Commission study on
torture by government, justifying, democracy, 56“57, 58
236 Trudeau, Pierre, 87
Tower Commission, 214“215 Truman, Harry, 14
Toxics Release Inventory (TRI), 203, Truth and Reconciliation
206“207 Commission (South Africa),
Trade Policy Review Mechanism 32
(TPRM; WTO), 179 Turkey, 119, 132


320
Index


Uganda, 5“6, 52, 112, 172 congressional restrictions on,
Ukraine, 116“117, 119, 120 58“59
United Kingdom erosion of authority of, 56“57
disclosure law adoption in, 15 resistance to classi¬cation reform
EDRM system adoption in, 219 in, 36
email as evidence in, 216 security after terrorist attacks on,
Freedom of Information Act 36“37
Blair government and, 83“84, security establishment resilience
104“106 in, 35“36
delay in implementing supranational institution and,
disclosure law, 7, 104“105 171“172
implementation in richer vs. susceptibility to domestic attack,
poorer country, 115 38“41
NATO secrecy rules and, 128“129 terrorist attacks on (see terrorist
pre-FOIA administrative code in, attacks, on U.S.)
104“105 withdrawal of information in
privatization of utilities in, 157 public domain, 37“38
security establishment resilience critical infrastructure, 37
in, 35 monitoring/inspection work of
Security Of Information federal agencies, 37“38
Agreement with United national missile defense system,
States, 132, 134 65. See also Congress (U.S.);
supranational institutions and, Freedom of Information Act
171 (FOIA; international defense
United Nations, drug traf¬cking networks, post-Cold War;
and, 138 U.S.)
United Nations Development United States Marshall Service, 209
Program (UNDP), 110, 120, 122 unstructured data, digitization of,
United States see digitization, of government
access restriction after terrorist documents, unstructured data
attacks, 38“41 Uruguay, World Bank loan and,
erosion of citizen rights, 39“40 187“188
likely effectiveness in world of U.S. Administrative Procedures Act,
information abundance, 179
38“39 USS Cole, 145
reliance on of¬cials/business to utility vehicle safety, 201“202, 206
remedy security weakness, Uzbekistan, media/access to
40“41 information in, 121
census questions, public and, 210
contractor record disclosure Vanguard (Nigeria), 122
requirements in, 153 Veterans Health Administration
domestic security networks in, (VHA), average cost of request,
139“147 32
EDRM system adoption in, 219 Victoria, Australia, prison contract
executive branch of disclosure in, 153
attempts to constrain, 62“63 Vietnam, weakness in U.S. policy
authority under Nixon, 55“56 toward, 47


321
Index


Wackenhut Corrections Corporation transparency and, 184“188
(U.S.), 152 U.S. in¬‚uence on disclosure
Wall Street Journal, 177, 189“190 policy, 185“186
Washington Post, 77, 78, 234. See World Trade Organization (WTO),
also Watergate scandal 13
Watanuki, Joji, 56 China and, 8
Watergate scandal, 55“56, 231“232 trade liberalization and, 178“184
Weber, Max, 11, 212, 215 Appellate Body on asbestos
Weiler, J. H. H., 172 products, 183
Weller, Patrick, 96 criticism of lack of
Western Australia, prison transparency, 178“179
privatization in, 152, 153 derestriction policy, 180“181
Western Australia and Corrections developing countries resistance
Corporation of Australia, 152 to U.S. proposals, 183
western Europe Dispute Settlement Mechanism,
security establishment resilience 171“172, 182
in, 35. See also European mechanisms to increase
Union; individual country transparency, 179
Whistleblower Protection Act non-papers, 181, 182
(1989), 59, 74“75 Quad countries/transparency,
Whitney, Charles, 234 180, 181“182
Whitney, Craig R., 233 restriction policy, 180
Wilson, Joseph, 76 transparency promotion
Wolfowitz, Paul, 18, 61 procedures, 179“180
Woods, James, 44 Wright Commission on Government
Woodward, Bob, 67, 76, 231 Security, 128
worker safety, 202 Wyden, Ron, 213
World Bank
bank-funded mismanagement, Yoo, John, 234
184“185
components of, 184 Zarqawi, Abu Musab al, 45
failure to address corruption, 110 Zarate Vite, Arturo, 6
´
hydroelectric project and, 172 Zelizer, Julian, 58
Information Disclosure Policy of, Zhao Yan, 121“122
186“188 Zimbabwe, media/access to
privatization and, 157 information in, 121




322

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