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Index
228

attention, ix, 1, 2, 4, 6“8, 67, 70, 72, 80, bioenergetics, 22
biology, 23, 80, 82“83, 180“182
117“118, 119“126, 138, 140, 143“145,
biopolitics, 22, 29
151“153, 156“158, 160“170, 172“176,
biopower, 29, 31, 62
194, 204“205, 207“208
Augustine, Saint, 52 blood, 47, 92, 107, 129, 132, 145
automatism, 62, 117“118, 140, 165, 185 bodily experience. See experience,
autonomy, 8, 16, 92, 213“214 somatic
avant-garde, 37 bodily misperception, 21, 64“65
awareness, 24, 53“56, 99, 103, 121, 138, body, ix“xii
ambiguity of, 81“82, 96, 98, 145
142, 154, 160, 162, 197“198, 202, 216
objects of, 54“55, 70“71 biological conditioning of, 30, 79,
See also consciousness; body 83“84, 110
consciousness as center, 3, 135, 145
and con¬dence, 90, 94, 97
back, 64, 144, 162, 169 in contemporary culture, 2, 6“7, 10,
back pain, 13, 136, 169, 176, 192, 193 12“14, 27“28, 36“40, 91, 99
Bair, Deirdre, 79 contempt or condemnation of, ix, 3“5,
balance, 17, 109, 167, 173, 190, 206“207 16, 41, 52, 79, 180
psychic, 24 contextuality of, 98“99, 109, 190,
Bardot, Brigitte, 93 214“216
Barrow, Wilfred, 166 as distraction, ix, 3, 4, 91
Bataille, Georges, 34 as expression, x, xii, 3“4, 50, 59, 87
Baudelaire, Charles, 45“47 external form of, 6, 8, 9, 10, 20, 26“28,
beauty, x“xi, xiii, 23, 27“28, 44, 46“47, 86, 80, 92, 97, 103“105, 128, 136
as grounding form of life, 60
88“89, 92, 104, 114, 115
Beauvoir, Simone de, 8, 10, 12, 77“111 image, ix, x, 27, 64, 90
on ambiguity of body, 81“82, 96 as instrument or medium, 3“5, 14, 15,
on biology, 83“84 19, 51, 78, 81, 126, 196, 216
The Coming of Age (La Vieillesse), 78, 80, as intentionality or subjectivity, xii, 1,
100“103, 105“107, 109“110 3“4, 10, 20, 28, 49, 51, 54, 59“62,
and experiential somaesthetics, 91“99, 71“73, 74, 81, 91, 98“99, 208
mixed nature of, 131“132
110
on old age or the elderly, 77“80, mutilation of, 39, 79, 127
as mystery, magic, 57, 59“61, 64, 65, 68,
100“107, 109“110
and performative somaesthetics, 86“91, 74, 92“94, 125“126
norms, 6, 22, 23, 28, 77, 86, 92, 104“105,
105“107
and representational somaesthetics, 127, 131
as object of experience, x“xi, 70“73, 81,
84“91, 103“104
The Second Sex, 10, 78, 80“100 85“92, 97“98, 145, 153“155
on sexuality, 92, 105“106 observation of, 51“52, 56, 70“73, 118,
on women, 77“100 121, 132, 162, 200, 204“205
Beere, Polly A., 108 orientation or position of, 52, 53,
behavior, xi, 25, 46, 54, 63, 67“69, 87, 108, 118“122, 142, 145, 199, 206,
117, 128, 130“131, 140, 145, 148, 183, 207
as physical object, xii, 1, 20, 27, 59, 60,
185, 187, 189, 190“191, 196“198,
212“213 81“82, 94
behaviorism, 120“121, 148 as prison, ix, 5, 51, 127
belief, x, 80, 145, 152, 156, 157, 173, representations, 53, 56, 142“143
rhythm of, 144
194
Bergoffen, Debra, 79, 81, 82, 99 role in action, xii, 3“4, 11, 13, 18, 20“21,
Bermudez, Jos´ Luis, 55
´ e 23, 49, 52, 117“118, 122“123, 126, 135,
Berthoz, Alain, 191, 207 139, 140“141, 145, 189“215
Index 229

role in aesthetic appreciation or body/mind dichotomy, 1, 3, 27, 28, 44, 52,
experience, 2, 123“126, 134, 180 68, 96, 98, 180, 183“184, 186, 187,
role in cognition, 7, 51, 143“145 195
role in emotion, 11, 13, 20, 82, 114“117, body scan, 51, 71, 98, 109, 130, 162“164,
120“122, 134, 143, 145, 148, 159, 182, 174, 201, 204, 207
body schema, 64
186“187
role in ethics, 136, 139, 153 body standards, models, or ideals. See body,
role in experience, xii, 1, 3, 7, 49, 135, norms
bodybuilding, 22, 24, 25, 26, 41,
139, 145“146, 182
role in expression, 49“50, 125, 127, 136 105
role in freedom, 78 B¨ hme, Gernot, 29
o
role in language, 49, 52, 60“61, 125, bones (or skeletal system), xii, 24, 47,
208“209 107“108, 132, 189“190
role in mental life, 3, 17, 106, 133“134, Bordo, Susan, 6, 23
Bourdieu, Pierre, 23, 141
138“158, 173
role in perception, xii, 1, 3“4, 19“20, 23, Bourne, Randolph, 211
Bowditch, Henry, 137
49, 52, 70“71, 139
role in thought, 4, 11, 17, 21, 60“61, 106, Boydston, Jo Ann, 211
Bradley, Francis Herbert, 168
133“134, 136, 141“145, 159, 179, 180,
brain, 12, 117, 140, 142, 150“151, 174, 198,
183, 209
role in will, 11, 20“21, 117“122, 156“158, 201“202, 206, 213
brain stem, 202, 206
182, 189“207, 213“214
as self, x, xi, 100, 109, 118“119, 142, cortex, 198, 202
damage, 63, 151, 206
145“146, 215
as silent, 49“50, 60, 125“126 midbrain, 202
sociocultural conditioning of, 30, 80, breathing, 8, 9, 20, 25, 35, 37, 43, 54“56,
83“84, 89, 99 98, 116“117, 121“123, 132, 133,
and soul, 16, 127, 180“181 144“145, 147, 149, 154“155, 160,
symbiotic or transactional, 214“216 161“162, 163, 165, 169“171, 173“176,
vulnerability or de¬ciency of, xi, 3“5, 191, 199, 206, 214
Brown, Peter, 23
51“52, 64“65, 68, 81, 127
body consciousness, ix“xiv, 1, 15, 36, Buddha, 132
Buddhism, 37, 42
38“40, 53“56, 77“78, 125, 135,
Bush, Wendell, 193
166“167, 173, 212
contextuality of, 70, 110 Butler, Judith, 23, 57, 90, 97
cultivation or heightening of, 48
explicit, 8, 51, 53, 55, 57, 63, 113, 158, Call, Annie Payson, 170, 172
Campbell, Jennifer D., 176
191
prere¬‚ective or primary, 8, 10, 53, Campbell, John, 23
capitalism, 27“28, 39, 101
54“55, 56, 59, 64
re¬‚ective, xi“xiv, 1, 2, 4“8, 10“13, 38“40, care of the body. See somatic cultivation
Carrette, Jeremy, 45
48, 50, 55“56, 62“63, 65“75, 92,
Cassirer, Ernst, 9
95“100, 109“110, 121“123, 131“132,
causality, 182, 184, 188“189
134, 144, 150, 167, 175, 183, 191“192,
Cavell, Stanley, 16
195“196, 199, 204“205, 207“208, 212,
215“216. See also re¬‚ection, somatic or Chan, Wing-tsit, 216
somaesthetic change, 24, 101“102, 103, 130“131,
body-mind, 24, 57, 89, 98, 137, 180, 141“142, 144, 147“150, 161“162, 173,
182“187, 193, 196 185, 193, 211
attunement, 7, 55, 138“139 Cheng Hao, 215
sociocultural conditioning of, 185 childbirth, 80, 82“83, 92
union of, 73, 184“188, 193“201 children or infants, 78, 186, 209
Index
230

choice, 141, 188“190 cyborg, 213
Christianity, 5, 44“45, 47, 51, 181
civilization, 185, 210 Dalton, Thomas C., 203, 208
class, social, 23“28, 85, 101, 104, 127 Damasio, Antonio, 23, 142“143, 149“151
Cleobulos, 17 dance, 17, 24, 46, 48, 53, 89, 209“211
clothes, 79, 118, 141, 146 dandyism, 45“46
cognition, xi, xii. See also body, role in Dao, 215
cognition Daoism, 18
Cole, Jonathan, 55 Darwin, Charles, 181
comfort, x, 25, 41, 208 Davidson, Richard J., 174
commercialism, 214. See also capitalism; death, xi, 16, 36, 47, 51, 60, 68, 110,
advertising 175
communication, 12, 115 Dennett, Daniel, 72
community, 113, 114 depression, 11, 136, 150, 155, 168, 174
concentration, 42, 54, 68, 133, 157, Descartes, Ren´ , 151, 155
e
173“175, 199. See also focusing desexualization, 32“33
concepts, 10, 57, 112“114, 127“128, 132, desire, x, 33“34, 42, 51, 74, 83, 92“95, 105,
164 114, 131, 145, 188“192
Confucianism, 46, 215“216 determinism, 83, 155, 188“189
Confucius, 18, 115 Dewey, Jane M., 181
conscious control, 7, 20, 63, 68, 122, 168, Dewey, John, 11“12, 50, 58, 66, 111, 115,
192“194, 196“206, 209“213 149, 169, 179, 180“191, 193“197,
indirect, 204 202“206, 208“211, 214
consciousness, ix“xii, xiii, 20, 21, 41, 56“63, on action, 184“191, 197, 210
and F.M. Alexander, 182“183, 203
76, 82, 88, 95, 96, 122, 130, 141, 151,
Art as Experience, 180, 211
160“162, 167, 174“175, 182, 184, 189,
on body consciousness, 196
191“193, 203“209, 213
bodily base of, 141“145, 152“155, 204 on body-mind unity, 184“186
impulsiveness of, 156 on conscious control, 205“206, 210“211
parsimony of, 165“166 “The Ego as Cause”, 188“189
social aspect of, 182 on emotion, 182, 187, 210“211
stream of, 141“143, 152“154, 159“160 on experience, 182, 186, 205, 211
unity of, 141“143, 153“155 Experience and Nature, 180
unre¬‚ective, 56“58 on habit, 189“191, 193“195, 197, 205
See also body consciousness Human Nature and Conduct, 193“196
consent, 156 on William James, 181“182
consumerism, 101 on self, 182, 190, 214
contrast, 162“164 on soul, 180“181
control, “Soul and Body”, 180“181
central (Zentralapparat), 201“202, 206, on spontaneity, 186, 197
“The Theory of Emotion”, 187
214
primary, 200“202, 203, 206“209 on will, 188“191, 193“195
See also conscious control Diderot, Denis, 49
coordination, xii, 187, 200“203 diet, ix, xi, 6, 17, 24, 25, 26, 48, 83, 88, 105,
cosmetics, 6, 24, 26, 28, 46, 79, 104 107, 129, 173
Cranz, Galen, 201 difference, 131
cryonics, 103 bodily, 66, 77“78, 80, 84, 100
culture, 23, 77“78, 101“102, 104“105, 127, digestion, 177
185, 186. See also body, in dignity, 95, 104, 127
contemporary culture; body, Diogenes the Cynic, 17, 21
sociocultural conditioning of discipline, self-discipline, 168
Index 231

discrimination, perceptual, 20, 39, 53, erectness, 168“169, 194, 206“210
Eribon, Didier, 36
160“165, 186
disharmony, 212 erotic arts, 24, 34
distraction, 25, 42, 66, 96, 174, 195 erotics or eroticism, x, 12, 32“35,
DiZio, Paul A., 207 185
Dobson, William Arthur Charles Harvey, essentialism, 119, 149
ethics (or morality), xi, 8, 11, 21, 34, 37, 40,
216
D¯ gen, Zenji, 199
o 42, 46“48, 95, 113, 123, 126“134, 152,
domination, xii, 5, 6, 21“22, 31, 34, 45, 165, 168, 170“171, 176“179, 188“189,
80“81, 85 209
Donne, John, 45 ethnicity, 85, 104, 128“131
Dreyfus, Hubert, 35 Europe, 128“129, 176
drives, 105, 115 evolution, 13, 41, 153, 161, 181, 193, 198,
drugs, 2, 9, 30“32, 37“39, 45, 48, 124, 203, 209“211, 213
excitement, 7, 55, 149, 172, 188, 209
133
Dunn, Elizabeth W., 69 exercise, xi, 16“17, 21, 22, 27, 28, 35, 46,
107“109, 176“177. See also training
education, 193, 209“210 existentialism, 9, 84, 95, 96
aesthetic, 114“115, 126, 129 experience, xii, 2, 9, 19, 24, 37“39, 41, 53,
somatic, 7, 64, 169 56“58, 63, 65“69, 71“73, 75, 77, 101,
effort, 47, 63, 73, 108“110, 117, 140“141, 120, 139, 140, 142“147, 150, 152“154,
144, 145, 152, 156“158, 166, 170“171, 159, 164, 174“175, 202, 205, 208,
176“178, 186, 191, 194, 199, 205 211“212, 216
volitional/muscular, 157 immediate, 144
ego, 110, 146, 182, 188 limit, 36, 38
egoism, 153 pure, 184
Ehsani, Ali A., 108 somatic, 2“3, 6, 12, 14, 15, 20, 26, 31, 50,
Eliot, Charles, 137 65, 80, 84, 92“99, 127, 140, 142“148,
Eliot, Thomas Stearns, 164 150“154,157“159, 163“167
emancipation, 10, 78, 80, 88“91, 95, 97, See also aesthetic experience
external world, 8, 60, 69“70, 72, 97“99,
99“100
embodiment, xi, 23, 77“80, 84, 142, 193 145, 163, 174, 198
emergentism, 180, 186 eyes, 4, 21, 52, 53, 69, 71, 116, 122, 136,
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 47“48, 215 142, 144, 146, 152, 162, 166, 168, 193,
emotion, 11, 41, 53, 83, 112, 116“118, 124, 199, 206
eyestrain, 136, 144, 193
125, 146“152, 165, 172“173, 209“211
cognitive dimension of, 116“117, 121,
fallacies, 58, 149
146“150, 182, 187
and reality or truth, 151“152 fashion, 6, 24, 86
role in action, 151 fatigue, 20, 26, 51, 52, 133, 136, 144, 172
role in thinking, 151“155 fear, 90, 116“117, 121, 127, 131, 146“149,
“subtler emotions”, 146“148, 187 168, 180, 187
end-gaining, 200 feelings, x, 20, 46, 99, 136, 186, 205,
energy, 43, 104, 105“106, 108, 110, 169, 211“212
aesthetic, 112, 124“125, 128“129
172, 176, 186, 195, 196, 215
psychic, 153“154, 193 bodily, xi, 6, 8, 10“11, 22, 25“26, 29,
enjoyment. See pleasure 38“39, 42, 50, 53, 55“56, 69“73, 90,
entertainment, 6, 37 92, 94“98, 103, 106, 109“110, 112,
environment, 2, 8, 110, 178, 182, 187, 190, 124“126, 141“155, 157, 158“161,
196, 198, 211“216 171“175, 187, 194
epistemology, 19, 23, 52, 152, 153 Feinstein, Howard, 136, 137, 138
Index
232

Feldenkrais Method, x, xiii“xiv, 7, 20, 24, gymnastics, 88, 139, 170
25, 44, 63, 108“109, 121, 123, 155,
habit, 3, 7, 69, 80, 130, 140“142, 165“167,
158, 162, 166, 171
Awareness Through Movement, 25, 26 172, 175, 182, 188, 204“205, 211“214
Functional Integration, 25 bodily, xi, 2, 8, 13“14, 19“22, 65“67, 71,
Feldenkrais, Moshe, 18, 22, 155, 203 74, 78, 89, 122“123, 140, 169“170,
feminism, 6, 9, 22, 23, 80, 83, 97, 99, 172, 178“179, 185, 189“201

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