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contextuality of, 141, 190“191, 214
214
¬tness, 102, 104“106, 136 diagnosis and reform of, 62“63, 65, 67,
¬‚esh, x, xi, xii, 27, 30, 45, 47, 52, 60, 72, 70, 96, 130, 166“167, 169“170,
81“82, 85“86, 88“89, 91, 92“97, 104, 193“201, 204
formation of, 62, 130, 140“141, 193, 194,
110, 127, 132, 181
¬‚exibility, 130, 207“208 205
focusing, 2“3, 26, 53“56, 62, 67“73, 145, intelligent/unintelligent, 205
and mind, 140“142, 190, 195, 205
151, 159“168, 175, 204“205
Foucault, Michel, 8, 9“10, 12, 15“16, power of, 189, 191
and self, 190, 205
18“19, 21, 23, 29“40, 42, 44“48, 49,
Hadot, Pierre, 15“16, 37, 46
62, 127, 130, 135, 139, 141
on biopower, 21“22, 29 hands, 53, 71“72, 118, 161, 166, 203, 207,
on body consciousness, 38 208
on death, 47 happiness, xii, xiii, 19, 21, 39, 196
Discipline and Punish, 44 Haskins, Casey, 29
on drugs, 30, 36 hatred, 127“131
on pleasure, 9“10, 15, 30, 32“40, 47 head, x, 11, 21“22, 29, 52, 54, 64, 66, 70,
on sadomasochism, 29, 32“35 108, 109, 118“119, 122, 132, 144, 152,
on the self and self-styling, 35, 45“47 154, 155, 157, 160, 191, 198, 199“202,
on sex, 32“36 206“209
and spirituality, 44“47 head and neck area, 200“202, 206“208
Francis, Claude, 79 headache, 136, 192
freedom, ix, 28, 78, 88“89, 95“96, 98, 197, health, xi, 14, 17, 20, 23, 28“29, 80, 83,
210 101, 104“108, 110, 129, 136“137, 171,
Freud, Sigmund, 81, 131 176, 185, 193, 213
future, 14, 66, 84, 189 heart, 43, 107, 132, 144, 147, 160, 177, 179
hedonism, 19, 35“38, 40, 42, 43
Gallagher, Shaun, 23, 64 Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, 127
Gehlen, Arnold, 9 Helmholtz, Hermann von, 117
gender, 23, 31, 34, 74, 90“91 Higgins, Kathleen, 29
genes, 48, 83, 211 history, 23“24, 77, 83“84, 100, 128,
genitalia, 29, 32“33, 93, 94, 105 188
genius, 59, 215 Holocaust, 128
gesture, x, 49, 59, 60, 121, 124, homeopathy, 139, 178
homophobia, 131
208
Gibson, James Jerome, 214 homosexuality, 9, 29“30, 33“35, 129, 131
Gibson, William, 12 Horkheimer, Max, 27
glands, 12, 105 Howison, George H., 168
God, 45, 94, 172, 188 human nature, 84, 127
Gontier, Fernande, 79 ambiguity of, 3, 95
grace, x, 64, 166, 178 human rights, 127
gravity, 53, 98, 108, 215 humanism (and humanity), 213“216
Guerra, Gustavo, 29 Husserl, Edmund, 3
Gulik, Robert van, 35 Huxley, Aldous, 192
Index 233

Hwang, Eun Jung, 69 Essays in Radical Empiricism, 154
hygiene, 129, 170 “The Gospel of Relaxation”, 168“172
hypnosis, 139 on habit, 140“141, 165“166, 169
hypochondria, 167“168, 173 on introspection, 158“160, 168
“The Moral Equivalent of War”, 136
I/me, 72“73 A Pluralistic Universe, 136
idealism, ix, 4“5, 15, 127, 180“181, 186 The Principles of Psychology, 117, 135,
identity, 2, 5, 35, 118“119, 152“155, 182 139“144, 152“154, 156“166, 181“182,
ideology, 22, 29, 78, 86, 91, 100 186“187, 188
illness (or disease), 17, 20, 51, 83, 93, 106, and radical empiricism, 154, 184
on the self, 118“119, 146, 152“154
109“110, 128“129, 167, 171, 175,
on sensations, 143“145
176“179, 213
imagination, 26, 33“34, 124“125, 180 on somaesthetic introspection, 160“164,
immanence, 76, 81“82, 86, 88, 91, 95, 169, 173
on spontaneity, 169“170
96“98, 110, 180“181
immediacy, 57, 76, 205 on will, 117, 155“158, 172“173, 184,
immune function, 174 188
individuality (and individualism), 28, 189, Janiri, Luigi, 38
jaw, 121, 144
213“215
information, 2, 12, 13, 39 Jay, Martin, 29
Ingres, Jean Auguste Dominique, x“xi Jeanson, Francis, 79
inhibition, 169“170, 183, 195“205, 209 Jews, 128“129
innervation, 117, 198 Johnson, Mark, 23
insomnia, 40, 123, 136 joints, 27, 108, 160“161
instinct, 2, 21, 130, 135, 139, 145, 206, Jones, Frank, 167, 193, 203
justice, 19, 21, 114“115
211
interaction, 184
interest, 107, 118, 131, 135, 138, 145, Kabat-Zinn, Jon, 174
Kamel, G.W. Levi, 34
161“164, 175
interpretation, 126, 132 Kant, Immanuel, xi, 154, 167“168, 173
intolerance, 128“131 Kavounoudias, Anne, 207
introspection, 51, 121, 144, 148, 152“154, kinaesthesia, 50, 53“54, 56, 58, 59,
157, 158“165, 173, 196 117“118, 122, 124, 145, 157“158, 191,
dif¬culties of, 159“162 192, 194. See also proprioception
introversion, 173 Klossowski, Pierre, 45
irrationality, 127“129, 151 Klyce, Scudder, 196
knowledge, ix, 4, 18, 19, 23, 47, 51, 56“57,
James, Alice Gibbens, 179 75, 96, 110, 138, 142“143, 154, 181. See
James, Henry, 168, 178“179 also self-knowledge
James, Margaret Mary “Peggy”, 168 Kruger, Hans-Peter, 9
¨
James, Robertson, 168
James, William, xi, 3, 8, 11, 12, 50, 58, 66, La Mettrie, Julien Offray de, 49
labor (or work), 86, 96, 185, 193
72, 89, 111, 116“119, 135“179,
Lackner, James R., 207
181“184, 186“189, 193
on action, 157“158, 165“172 Lakoff, George, 23
on the ambiguity of the body, 145 Lamont, Corliss, 193
on bodily exercises, 165, 176-177 Lange, Carl Georg, 146
on consciousness, 141“143, 152“155, language, 57, 61, 62, 69, 113, 117, 132“133,
165“166 159“160, 164“165, 182, 186, 213
on emotions, 116, 146“152, 187 Laozi, 18
“The Energies of Men”, 172“173 Leddy, Thomas, 29
Index
234

leisure, 101, 177, 179 on body consciousness, 53“56, 66“75
Libet, Benjamin, 197“198 on body observation, 70“73
libido, 105 on body as silent, 49
life, 11, 18, 32, 36“37, 41, 47, 60, 69, 92, on body™s vulnerability (or de¬ciency),
101, 107, 110, 113, 127, 134, 141, 156, 52, 65
on consciousness, 54
165, 176“179, 180, 181, 184, 193, 196,
on habit, 62, 69
203“204
everyday life, 36“38, 178, 216 on perception 53-59, 61, 65“67, 71“73
good life, the, 17, 123 on phenomenology, 50, 56“57
limbs, x, 4, 64, 71, 109, 119“121, 160“161 on philosophy, 50“51, 56, 74“75
lived body, 51, 62, 63, 71, 73, 74“75. See also on prere¬‚ective perception (or
body, as intentionality or subjectivity; consciousness), 54“57, 59
soma on representations as explanations,
Lotringer, Sylv` re, 19
e 58“62
love, 45, 145, 211 on spontaneity, 57“65
Lutz, Tom, 177 metabolism, 107
lying (reclining), 35, 162, 164 metaphysics, 20, 74, 79, 133, 135, 153, 154,
185“186. See also ontology
McGraw, Myrtle, 208 Mill, John Stuart, 159
Mach, Ernst, 117 mind (or mental), ix, x, xi, xii, 2, 5, 11, 17,
machismo, 176 51“52, 62, 72, 82, 89, 96, 112“120, 123,
magic, 194. See also body, as mystery, magic 127, 133, 135“136, 138, 146, 152, 159,
Magnus, Rudolph, 201“203, 206 163, 167, 172“175, 180“199, 203, 214
Malcolm, Norman, 133 mindfulness, xi, 7, 13, 26, 51, 53, 55“56, 63,
manipulation, 200 69, 130“132, 173, 175, 178, 199
martial arts, xiii, 22, 24, 28, 87, 178 minimalism, 40
massage, 24, 25, 88 modernity, 114
materialism, 155, 186 Moi, Toril, 79, 81
matter, 184 monism, 154
Mauriac, Claude, 10 Monk, Ray, 131
Mead, George Herbert, 72“73 Montaigne, Michel de, 6, 47
meaning, 39, 42, 49, 104, 107, 108, 110, Montero, Barbara, 55
morality. See ethics (or morality)
113, 115, 184“185
means and ends, xi, 2“4, 90, 111, 165“167, Morrow, Jannay, 176
movement, xi, 8, 25, 43, 53, 58“61, 64, 66,
192“194, 198, 200“201, 210“211
media, x, 6, 12 68, 71, 90, 98, 117“126, 133, 148, 154,
medicine, 93“94, 95, 108, 136“137, 139, 156“158, 160, 166“167, 175, 176, 186,
178, 191 190“192, 197, 204, 206
meditation, xiii, 9, 16, 26, 122, 134, 162, Mozi, 46
Mullis, Eric, 29
163, 174“175, 178, 199
dancing, 37 multiculturalism, 128“129
sitting, 37, 98, 174, 199 Mumford, Lewis, 211
walking, 37, 174, 175. M¨
unsterberg, Hugo, 144
See also zazen; Zen muscle, 20, 24, 26, 39, 59, 71, 80, 85,
meliorism, 84, 139, 185, 193, 204, 215 87“88, 98, 104, 107“108, 120,
memory, 72“73, 106, 117, 120, 144, 151, 121“124, 144, 154, 160“161, 166,
157, 159 170“171, 176, 178, 189“191, 203, 206,
Mencius, 18, 216 208, 215
menopause, 83 atrophy, 107
menstruation, 80, 82, 92, 129 contraction, 20“21, 98, 116“117, 119,
Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, 8, 10“12, 49“76, 121“123, 133, 139, 144, 149“152, 157,
77, 81, 84, 90, 91, 98, 119, 125, 135 160, 166, 168“171, 178, 207
Index 235

music, 39, 125“126, 209“211 O™Shaughnessy, Brian, 23, 55
Myers, Gerald, 149, 150, 158, 159 other, the, 25, 83, 85, 100, 103, 109, 129
mysticism, 42“43 overstimulation, ix, 6“7, 13, 38“39, 114,
216
narcissism, 19, 40, 41 oxygen, 107, 213
nation, 127“129
National Association for the Advancement pain, xi, xiii, 20, 21, 26, 42, 44, 51, 53, 73,
of Colored People, 210 96, 101, 106, 108“109, 116, 120“121,
naturalism, 182, 184 133, 143“144, 145, 160, 166, 169, 172,
nature, 48, 75, 83“84, 97, 109, 180, 183 177, 195, 208, 212
Nazis, 27, 34 Paplos, Kostas G., 38
neck, 19, 120“121, 191, 199“202 Pascal, Fania, 133
pain, 13 passivity, 81“82, 86“87, 91, 96“98, 104, 110
stiffness of, 193 pathology, 39, 64
See also head and neck area patriarchy, 78, 80, 82, 83, 85“86, 88, 91, 96,
needs, 3, 43, 114, 135, 186, 211, 213 100, 172
bodily, 14, 16, 153, 214 Paul, Saint, xi, 52, 181
Nehamas, Alexander, 16, 40 pelvis, 66, 68, 121, 160, 190, 198, 206“207
Neoplatonism, 5 perception, 7, 19, 37, 50, 52“75, 77, 85, 98,
nerves, 107, 149, 177 116, 143, 146“147, 150, 161“164, 175,
nervous system, 12, 38, 59, 63“64, 82, 98, 212
anticipation of, 164
137, 140“142, 174, 206“207
sensorimotor, 7 bodily, 12, 52“75, 77. See also body, as
neurasthenia, 137, 177 object of experience; body,
neuroscience, 74, 142“143, 197“198 observation of; body, role in
Newton, Isaac, 183 perception; body consciousness
Nietzsche Friedrich, 47, 49, 51“52, 84, 135, prere¬‚ective, 56“58, 65“71, 73“75, 77
perfectionism, 155, 213“214
137
No¨ , Alva, 23
e performance, ix, xi, xiii“xiv, 2“4, 8, 10, 12,
Nolen-Hoeksema, Susan, 175 20“21, 52, 61, 63“65, 68, 70, 80, 89,
Nussbaum, Martha Craven, 16 90, 104“107, 119, 140, 165“166, 169,
173, 176, 191“192, 194, 199“200, 205,
object, 85“86, 141, 156, 161, 184 212“213
and subject, 73, 98 Perry, Ralph Barton, 156, 168, 183
See also awareness, objects of; body, as phenomenology, 9, 23, 50, 56“57, 67, 74,
object of experience; body, as physical 81, 96
object philosophy, ix“xii, xiii, 1“3, 49“52, 73“76,
old age (or the elderly), xiii, 10, 46, 51, 112“115, 132“134, 136, 137“139, 155,
77“80, 100“110 181
biological sense of, 102, 105“107 academic profession of, ix, 29, 114,
chronological sense of, 102“103, 104 137“138
discrimination against, 78, 100“104 analytic, 9, 10, 111
experience of, 102“103, 105, 109“110 Asian, 17“18, 100, 115, 132, 215“216
performative sense of, 102, 104 as embodied self-care, 15“19
representational sense of, 102“105 Greek, ix, 4“5, 16“19, 21, 114, 127
sexual experience of, 105“106 of mind, 10, 23, 66, 111, 112“115, 123,
sociocultural status of, 100“106 126, 138, 165
Old Testament, 129 somatic, 7, 9, 77“78, 135, 145, 172, 183,
ontology, 23, 52, 95, 184. See also 214
metaphysics and spiritual exercises, 16
organism, 4, 182, 186, 201“202, 203 as way of life, ix, xii, xiii, 15“18, 48, 51,
orgasm, 37, 94, 95 75, 113“114, 123, 139
Index
236

physics, 183 psychosomatic, 22, 93“95, 105
physiology, 24, 58, 80, 100, 116, 137“138, puritanism, 139, 169, 171, 176
purity, 128“129
140, 148, 158, 173, 181“182, 203
neurophysiology, 149“151, 174, 195,
queer theory, 22, 130
207
place (or space), 58, 60“61, 70, 145,
Rabinow, Paul, 19
215
Plato, 4“5, 105 race, 85, 210
Alcibiades, 5 racism, 11, 25“26, 127“130, 210
Phaedo, 4“5, 16, 17 rationalism, 183, 209“211
Republic, 114 Ratner, Joseph, 182, 193
Timaeus, 17 readiness potential, 198
Platonism, 15, 17, 51 reason and rationality, 16, 19, 25, 41, 151,
pleasure, ix, xi, 3, 5“6, 8, 9“10, 21, 24“25, 180, 203, 213
re¬‚ection, xi, 68, 73“75, 169, 189
31, 33“45, 47, 48, 53, 63, 73, 92, 94,
somatic or somaesthetic, 2, 6“7, 40, 51,
105, 126, 175, 187, 211
contextuality of, 41“42 63, 66“69, 71“75, 131, 162, 169,
diversity of, 37“38 174“176, 179, 182, 196, 198, 205, 212
role in directing life, 41 re¬‚ex, 201“202
transforming power of, 42 Reich, Wilhelm, 18, 22, 33, 89, 130
Plessner, Helmut, 9 relaxation, 122“123, 139, 144, 163,
Plotinus, ix 169“172, 174, 178, 179, 208
pluralism, 30, 170, 203, 207“208, 213 religion, 46“47, 116, 135
politics, 25, 27, 42, 89, 91, 99“100, religious experience, 42“43, 45, 173
ren, 215
112“115, 126“132, 134
Porphyry, ix Renouvier, Charles, 138, 156
postmodernism, 32 representations, 20, 26“29, 41, 50, 53,
poststructuralism, 9, 139 55“56, 61“68, 74, 85“92, 97, 102,
posture, x, 13, 24, 26, 55, 89, 141, 167“169, 103“104, 125, 157
as explanations of experience and

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