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In all the words or forms with more than two syllables an accent indi-
cates the position of the stress. Two-syllable words are always stressed on
the Ô¬Ārst syllable. It is important to remember that these accents are meant
as an aid to the user of this list and are not employed in ordinary Latin
spelling.
The stress indicated is in principle the one which was used in classical
times; in most cases this is also the stress which has been used throughout
the word‪s subsequent history. However, for a certain group of words I
have preferred to give an alternative stress, which was the one adopted in
the Middle Ages. The words in question are Greek loans ending in -ia,
such as philosophía. In Latin as it has been spoken since antiquity such
words are stressed in the same way as in Greek, namely on the penulti-
mate syllable, but in classical Latin the stress fell on the antepenultimate
syllable, thus philosóphia.
In the grammar section above I have explained which inÔ¬‚ected forms
are indicated in the wordlist for nouns, adjectives and verbs. For nouns
gender is shown by the abbreviations m. for masculine, f. for feminine and
n. for neuter.
The wordlist is followed by a compilation of some 500 more or less
well-known Latin phrases, expressions and quotations with translations.
After each genuine quotation the name of the author or source is indicated
in a parenthesis. In the many cases where a well-known expression can be
traced back to a rather different wording by a particular writer, the
author‪s name is generally not given. All the words which occur in the
phrases and quotations can also be found as separate entries in the
wordlist. Where the phrase is discussed in the body of the book, the entry
is followed by a reference to the appropriate page(s).
Basic vocabulary
a, ab from, by
abbas abb√°tis m. abbot
√°bdico abdic√°vi abdic√°tus abdic√°re renounce, abdicate
abdómen abdóminis n. abdomen
abd√ļco abd√ļxi abd√ļctus abd√ļcere take or bring away
ábeo ábii abíre go away, disappear
abício abiéci abiéctus abícere throw away
√°bies ab√≠etis f. Ô¬Ār
abl√°tus abl√°ta abl√°tum carried away
abnórmis abnórmis abnórme irregular, abnormal
abóleo abolévi abólitus abolére efface, destroy
abomin√°bilis abomin√°bilis abomin√°bile abominable
abóminor abominátus abominári deprecate, detest
aborígines aboríginum m. original inhabitants, especially
the ancestors of the Romans
abórtio abortiónis f. miscarriage, abortion
abr√ļmpo abr√ļpi abr√ļptus abr√ļmpere break off, sever
abr√ļptus abr√ļpta abr√ļptum interrupted, steep, sudden
ábsens gen. abséntis absent
abséntia abséntiae f. absence
absínthium absínthii n. wormwood
absol√ļtus absol√ļta absol√ļtum perfect, complete
abs√≥lvo abs√≥lvi absol√ļtus abs√≥lvere complete; acquit
absórbeo absórbui absorbére drink up, swallow
ábstinens gen. abstinéntis abstinent
abstinéntia abstinéntiae f. abstinence
abstíneo abstínui abstinére abstain
abstr√°ctus abstr√°cta abstr√°ctum withdrawn, abstract
√°bstraho abstr√°xi abstr√°ctus abstr√°here drag away, withdraw
absum áfui abésse be away, be absent
abs√ļrde absurdly
abs√ļrdus abs√ļrda abs√ļrdum absurd, unreasonable
abund√°ntia abund√°ntiae f., abundance, richness
ab√ļndo abund√°vi abund√°re overÔ¬‚ow
Basic vocabulary

ab√ļsus ab√ļsus m. misuse, waste (noun)
ab√ļtor ab√ļsus ab√ļti misuse, consume
ac and
accédo accéssi accéssum accédere approach
accéndo accéndi accénsus accéndere light
áccido 1 áccidi accídere happen
accído 2 accídi accísus accídere cut down, cut off
áccio accívi accítus accíre call, summon 163
accípio accépi accéptus accípere receive, accept 113
acc√ļso accus√°vi accus√°tus accus√°re accuse
acer acris acre sharp 193
actum acti n. act
actus 1 acta actum done, transacted
actus 2 actus m. motion, performance
acus acus f. needle
ad to
adagium adagii n. proverb, adage
addo √°ddidi √°dditus √°ddere add
addénda things to be added (a list of things to be added and corrected
is headed ‚ĘAddenda et corrigenda‚Ä™)
add√ļco add√ļxi add√ļctus add√ļcere lead to
ádeo 1 ádii adíre go to, approach
√°deo 2 so far, thus, indeed
adhíbeo adhíbui adhíbitus adhibére bring to, use
adhuc hitherto, still
adício adiéci adiéctus adícere add, place near
adiéctum adiécti n. addition
adiectívus adiectíva adiectívum placed beside, adjective 1o4
√°ditus √°ditus m. entrance
adi√ļngo adi√ļnxi adi√ļnctus adi√ļngere join, add
√°diuvo adi√ļvi adi√ļtus adiuv√°re help
admir√°bilis admir√°bilis admir√°bile admirable 174
admirátio admiratiónis f. admiration 174
admíror admirátus admirári admire 174
admítto admísi admíssus admíttere admit, allow
admóneo admónui admónitus admonére admonish
adópto adoptávi adoptátus adoptáre adopt
adsum áffui adésse be present; help

220
Basic vocabulary

aduléscens adulescéntis m. adolescent
advénio advéni advéntum adveníre come to, arrive at
advéntus advéntus m. arrival
advérbium advérbii n. adverb 104
advérsus against
advoc√°tus advoc√°ti m. legal counsellor, advocate
√°dvoco advoc√°vi advoc√°tus advoc√°re call to, summon
aedes aedis f. building
aed√≠Ô¬Āco aediÔ¬Āc√°vi aediÔ¬Āc√°tus aediÔ¬Āc√°re build
Aegaeus Aegaea Aegaeum Aegean
aeger aegra aegrum ill
aegre with difÔ¬Āculty
aemulátio aemulatiónis f. emulation 48
aequ√°lis aequ√°lis aequ√°le equal
aequus aequa aequum even, Ô¬‚at
a√«r √°√«ris m. air
aes aeris n. copper, bronze
aestas aest√°tis f. summer
aéstimo aestimávi aestimátus aestimáre estimate, weigh
aetas aet√°tis f. age
aetérnitas aeternitátis f. eternity
aetérnus aetérna aetérnum eternal
aether aétheris m. ether, sky, heaven
aevum aevi n. era, age
aff√≠cio aff√©ci aff√©ctus aff√≠cere inÔ¬‚uence
ager agri m. Ô¬Āeld 13
aggrédior aggréssus ággredi attack
aggréssio aggressiónis f. attack
√°gito agit√°vi agit√°tus agit√°re drive, stir up
agnus agni m. lamb
ago egi actus √°gere drive, do
agréstis agréstis agréste having to do with the land
agrícola agrícolae m. farmer 18
agricult√ļra agricult√ļrae f. agriculture, farming 13, 18
Albáni Albanórum m. the Albans
albus alba album white 152, 155, 163
√°lea √°leae f. dice
álgeo alsi algére feel cold

221
Basic vocabulary

√°libi somewhere else
aliénus aliéna aliénum belonging to others, alien, strange, foreign
aliqu√°ndo sometimes
√°liquis √°liqua √°liquid/ √°liquod someone, something
(Table 10) 69
√°liquot some, a few
√°liter in another way
√°lius √°lia √°liud other 36
almus alma almum kind
alpínus alpína alpínum alpine 155
alt√°re alt√°ris n. altar
alter √°ltera √°lterum the other (of two) 197
altérnus altérna altérnum by turns, alternate
altíssimus altíssima altíssimum highest, deepest
√°ltius higher, deeper
altus alta altum high, deep
am√°bo please 66
amátor amatóris m. lover
amatórius amatória amatórium concerning love
√°mbulo ambul√°vi ambul√°tum ambul√°re walk, go around
americ√°nus americ√°na americ√°num American 155
amica amicae f. friend (female)
amicítia amicítiae f. friendship
amícus amíci m. friend (male)
√°mita √°mitae f. paternal aunt 129
amo am√°vi am√°tus am√°re love (vb.) 22
amor amóris m. love (noun) 22
amplus ampla amplum large, ample
an if, whether (in questions)
anatómicus anatómica anatómicum anatomical
anem√≥ne anem√≥nes f. anemone, windÔ¬‚ower 150
angélicus angélica angélicum angelic 144
√°ngelus √°ngeli m. angel
anguis anguis m., f. snake
√°nima √°nimae f. soul, spirit
√°nimal anim√°lis n. animal
√°nimus √°nimi m. heart, soul, mind
annus anni m. year

222
Basic vocabulary

ante before 44
antepaen√ļltimus antepaen√ļltima antepaen√ļltimum
antepenultimate 180
√°nulus √°nuli m. ring
√°nxius √°nxia √°nxium uneasy, anxious
apério apérui apértus aperíre open
appáreo appárui apparére appear
appéllo appellávi appellátus appelláre call
appéndix appéndicis f. something which hangs down, appendage 149
appéndo appéndi appénsus appéndere hang
√°pprobo approb√°vi approb√°tus approb√°re approve
aptus apta aptum Ô¬Ātting, suitable
apud at, near
Ap√ļlia Ap√ļliae f. Apulia
aqua aquae f. water 6
Aquit√°nus Aquit√°ni m. Aquitanian, a person from Aquitania
(a province in south-west France)
√°rbiter √°rbitri m. judge, umpire
√°rbitror arbitr√°tus arbitr√°ri give a judgement, believe
arbor √°rboris f. tree
árceo árcui arcére enclose, keep away
architect√ļra architect√ļrae f. architecture 64
árdeo arsi ardére glow, burn
ardor ardóris m. ardour, glow
√°rduus √°rdua √°rduum difÔ¬Ācult, arduous
arésco árui aréscere dry (vb.)
argéntum argénti n. silver 22
arguméntum arguménti n. proof, reason, argument
arithmética arithméticae f. arithmetic 102
arma armórum n. arms, weapons
armo arm√°vi arm√°tus arm√°re arm, equip
árrigo arréxi arréctus arrígere raise, rouse
ars artis f. art 33, 102
√°rtifex art√≠Ô¬Ācis m. artist
arx arcis f. castle, fortress
ascéndo ascéndi ascénsum ascéndere mount, ascend
√°sinus √°sini m. ass, donkey
aspéctus aspéctus m. sight

223
Basic vocabulary

asper √°spera √°sperum rough
aspício aspéxi aspéctum aspícere look at, look upon, see
assíduus assídua assíduum constant
astronomía astronomíae f. astronomy 103
astrum astri n. star
at but
ater atra atrum black
atque and
atrox gen. atrocis gloomy, hideous
a√ļctio aucti√≥nis f. auction
auctor auctóris m. author, originator
auctóritas auctoritátis f. authority 17
aud√°cia aud√°ciae f. courage, bravery
audax gen. aud√°cis daring, brave
a√ļdeo ausus aud√©re dare
a√ļdio aud√≠vi aud√≠tus aud√≠re hear
a√ļfero √°bstuli abl√°tus auf√©rre take away, remove
a√ļgeo auxi auctus aug√©re increase
aula aulae f. hall; the royal court
aura aurae f. breeze, air
a√ļreus a√ļrea a√ļreum golden
auris auris f. ear
aurum auri n. gold 122
ausp√≠cium ausp√≠cii n. observing the Ô¬‚ight of birds (as a way of telling
the future); chief command (in time of war only the commander-in-
chief had the right to take auspices in this way)
aut or
autem however
auxílium auxílii n. help, aid
av√°rus av√°ra av√°rum avaricious, greedy
ave hail!
avérsio aversiónis f. aversion, loathing
avérto avérti avérsus avértere turn away from
avis avis f. bird
av√ļnculus av√ļnculi m. maternal uncle 129

baptízo baptizávi baptizátus baptizáre christen 80
b√°rbarus b√°rbara b√°rbarum barbarian

<< ŌūŚšŻšůýŗˇ

ŮÚū. 32
(ŤÁ 44 ŮÚū.)

ő√ňņ¬ňŇÕ»Ň

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