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suáviter gently
sub under
sub├şcio subi├©ci subi├©ctus sub├şcere submit, subject
subi├©ctus subi├©cta subi├©ctum lying near, subjected
subl├şmis subl├şmis subl├şme high, lofty, sublime
substant├şvus substant├şva substant├şvum substantive 104
succ├║rro succ├║rri succ├║rrere help
sugg├şllo suggill├ívi suggill├ítus suggill├íre injure (eyes, etc.)
sum fui esse be (Table 14)
summa summae f. top, sum, main point 143
summ├│veo summ├│vi summ├│tus summov├©re drive off, banish
summus summa summum highest, greatest 39
sumo sumpsi sumptus s├║mere take
sumus we are (from sum)
sunt they are (from sum)
super above
sup├©rbus sup├©rba sup├©rbum proud, arrogant
sup├©rior sup├©rior sup├©rius higher, upper, former
superst├ştio superstiti├│nis f. superstition 77

263
Basic vocabulary

sup├©rsum sup├©rfui super├©sse be left, survive
s├║perus s├║pera s├║perum upper
suppl├şcium suppl├şcii n. penalty
supra over, above; earlier on (in a book or writing)
supr├©mus supr├©ma supr├©mum highest, last
susc├şpio susc├©pi susc├©ptus susc├şpere take up, support
susp├©ctior susp├©ctior susp├©ctius more suspect
susp├©ctus susp├©cta susp├©ctum suspect
susp├©ndo susp├©ndi susp├©nsus susp├©ndere hang up, suspend
susp├şcio suspici├│nis f. suspicion
sust├şneo sust├şnui sustin├©re hold up, support
suus sua suum his, her, their (referring to the subject of the sentence)
syllaba s┬┤yllabae f. syllable 180
┬┤

tábula tábulae f. board, table, slate
t├íceo t├ícui t├ícitus tac├©re be silent
talis talis tale such
tam so
tamen however
tamquam like, as if
tandem at length, ´¬ünally
tango t├©tigi tactus t├íngere touch
tantum so much; only
tantus tanta tantum so big
tardus tarda tardum slow
taurus tauri m. bull
te you (singular)
tecum with you (singular)
tego texi tectus t├©gere cover, shelter, hide
t├©gula t├©gulae f. tile
tellus tell├║ris f. the earth
t├©mperans gen. temper├íntis moderate, temperate
templum templi f. temple
tempus t├©mporis n. time
tendo tet├©ndi tensus t├©ndere stretch
t├©neo t├©nui ten├©re hold, keep
tento tentávi tentátus tentáre feel, try
t├©nuis t├©nuis t├©nue thin

264
Basic vocabulary

ter three times
tergum tergi n. back
t├©rminus t├©rmini m. boundary
terra terrae f. earth, land
t├©rreo t├©rrui t├©rritus terr├©re frighten
terror terr├│ris m. dread
t├©rtius t├©rtia t├©rtium third 36
testam├©ntum testam├©nti n. will
testis testis m. witness
theolog├şa theolog├şae f. theology 143
thesa├║rus thesa├║ri m. treasure, wealth 126
Thrace Thraces f. Thrace
thronus throni m. throne
tibi to, for you (sg.)
t├şmeo t├şmui tim├©re fear
timor tim├│ris m. fear
tit├şllo titill├ívi titill├ítus titill├íre tickle, tease
t├ştulus t├ştuli m. title
toga togae f. toga
tollo sústuli sublátus tóllere lift up, take away
tot so many
totus tota totum whole, all (Table 10) 197
trado trádidi tráditus trádere hand over, betray
traho traxi tractus tráhere drag
trans across
tr├ínseo tr├ínsii trans├şre go across, cross
tr├ínsfero tr├ínstuli transl├ítus transf├©rre carry over, translate
transmar├şnus transmar├şna transmar├şnum across the sea
transm├ştto transm├şsi transm├şssus transm├şttere send across
tremor trem├│ris m. shaking, earthquake
tres tres tria three
trig├©minus trig├©mini m. triplet 150
tril├şnguis tril├şnguis tril├şngue trilingual 78
tristis tristis triste sad
tri├║mphus tri├║mphi m. triumph
tr├şvium tr├şvii f. Ôǘthree waysÔÇ™ (the three basic disciplines of the
artes liberales) 103
tu you (singular) (Table 6) 5

265
Basic vocabulary

tuba tubae f. tuba
tuli see fero
tum then
tumultus tumultus m. uproar
turbo turbávi turbátus turbáre disturb, agitate
turris turris f. tower
tutus tuta tutum safe
tuus tua tuum your (singular)

ubi where
ub├şque everywhere
ult├©rior ult├©rior ult├©rius further
├║ltimus ├║ltima ├║ltimum furthest, last
ultra beyond
umbra umbrae f. shadow
unde whence
unguis unguis m. nail (of ´¬ünger or toe)
├║nicus ├║nica ├║nicum only; unique 139
univ├©rsus univ├©rsa univ├©rsum whole, universal
unus una unum one (Table 10) 36
urbs urbis f. city
├║rgeo urg├©re drive on, urge
urna urnae f. urn 114
uro ussi ustus ├║rere burn, scorch
ursus ursi m. bear 155
usque right up to, as far as
usus usus m. use
ut as, like; in order to; that
ut├©rque ├║traque utr├║mque both, each
├║tilis ├║tilis ├║tile useful
utor usus uti use 199
utrum whether

vaco vacávi vacáre be empty
vácuus vácua vácuum empty
vado vádere go
vae woe!
vagans gen. vagántis wandering

266
Basic vocabulary

vag├şna vag├şnae f. sheath, vagina
vale Goodbye! (from váleo)
v├íleo v├ílui val├©re be worthy, be healthy
válidus válida válidum strong, powerful
vallis vallis f. valley
vánitas vanitátis f.emptiness, vanity
vanus vana vanum empty, vain
variátio variatiónis f. variety
v├írius v├íria v├írium varying, ´¬ückle
v├©hemens gen. vehem├©ntis violent
veho vexi vectus v├©here carry
velox gen. vel├│cis quick
velum veli n. veil, sail
venális venális venále adj. to do with selling
venerábilis venerábilis venerábile venerable 94
v├©neror vener├ítus vener├íri worship
v├©nia v├©niae f. kindness, foregiveness, permission
v├©nio veni ventum ven├şre come
venter ventris m. stomach, belly
vent├║rus vent├║ra vent├║rum coming
ventus venti m. wind
ver veris n. spring
verbátim word for word
verbum verbi n. word 104, 119ÔÇ“20
v├©ritas verit├ítis f. truth
v├©rsio versi├│nis f. translation
versus 1 versus m. line (of poetry)
versus 2 versa versum turned
verus vera verum true
vesper vesperi m. evening, evensong
vester vestra vestrum your (plural)
vest├şgium vest├şgii n. footprint
vestis vestis f. clothes
veto v├©tui v├©titus vet├íre forbid
vetus gen. v├©teris old
via viae f. way 7
vice (abl.) f. change
vic├şnus vic├şni m. neighbouring, nearby

267
Basic vocabulary

victor vict├│ris m. winner (male); victorious (masc.)
vict├│ria vict├│riae f. victory
victrix victr├şcis f. winner (female); victorious (fem.)
vid├©licet namely
v├şdeo vidi visus vid├©re see; in the passive seem
vig├şlia vig├şliae f. watch, wakefulness
vigor vig├│ris m. strength, energy
vilis vilis vile cheap
villa villae f. villa 114
vinco vici victus v├şncere win, conquer
v├şnculum v├şnculi n. bond
vinum vini n. wine
v├şolo viol├ívi viol├ítus viol├íre do violence to, violate
vir viri m. man 16
vires v├şrium f. forces (from vis 1)
virgo v├şrginis f. maiden, virgin
v├şridis v├şridis v├şride green
vir├şlis vir├şlis vir├şle of a man, manly 211
virtus virt├║tis f. excellence, virtue 16, 111
virus viri n. slime, poisonous liquid 149
vis 1 f. strength, force
vis 2 you (sing.) want (from volo)
v├şsio visi├│nis f. sight 165
viso v├şsere view, stare at
vita vitae f. life
viti├│sus viti├│sa viti├│sum wicked, depraved
vivo vixi v├şvere live 11
vivus viva vivum alive, living
vobis to, for, by you (plural)
vob├şscum with you (plural)
voco vocávi vocátus vocáre call
volo 1 v├│lui velle want
volo 2 vol├ívi vol├íre ´¬‚y
volúntas voluntátis f. will
volúptas voluptátis f. pleasure, delight
volvo volvi vol├║tus v├│lvere roll
vos you (pl.) 194
votum voti n. vow

268
Basic vocabulary

vox vocis f. voice
vulgáris vulgáris vulgáre of the people, common 69
vulgátus vulgáta vulgátum widespread
vulgus vulgi n. people 69
vult he/she/it wants (from volo)
vultus vultus m. face, expression




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Part V
Common Phrases
and Expressions
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Common Phrases and Expressions
a forti├│ri for a stronger, more compelling reason 110
a posteri├│ri from after, said of knowledge which depends on
experience
a pri├│ri from before, said of knowledge which is prior to
experience 110
a tergo from behind
ab incunábulis from the cradle, from childhood
ab in├ştio from the beginning
ab Iove princ├şpium things begin with Jupiter (Virgil)
ab ovo from the very beginning
ab ovo usque ad mala from the egg to the apples (i.e. for the whole
meal) (Horace)
ab urbe c├│ndita from the founding of the city (the title of LivyÔÇ™s
history of Rome) 37
Ábeunt stúdia in mores Study builds character
absit omen may what is threatened not happen
Ab├║sus non tollit usum Misuse does not preclude (proper) use
ad acta to the ´¬üles
ad ´¬ünem at or near or to the end

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