<<

. 44
( 44 .)



Ambrose, St 147 cases 185“8
Angles 88 Cassiodorus 101“3, 141
Apologeticum, see Tertullian Cathars, see heretics
Apuleius 162 cathedral schools 106
aqueducts 64 Catholic Church, see Roman Church
Aquinas, St Thomas 143“4 Catiline 32“3
Arabic 143 Cato, Marcus Porcius (Cato the Elder)
Aristotle 141, 143 18“19, 169, 210
Ars Amatoria, see Ovid Catullus 49“50
Arthurian Legend, see Geoffrey of Celtic languages 45, 47, 88
Monmouth cephalophores 124
assembly of the people 8, 23 Charlemagne 95“6, 146
astronomy 157“8 Chaucer, Geoffrey 99, 125
Augustine, St (of Canterbury) 124 chemistry 159
Augustine, St (of Hippo) 57, 81“2, 103, choirs 112“13
118, 141, 147 Christian education 100“2
Augustus 37“9, 41 Christian Latin 79“80
Averroes 143 Christian poetry 132“5
Christianity 60, 76“82, 85“6, 117, 118,
Becket, Thomas 99, 124“5 132, see also missionaries, saints
Bede, the Venerable 94“5 and heretics
Berber 45 Cicero, Marcus Tullius 31“4, 59“60, 61,
Bernard of Clairvaux 124 141, 147
Bible, The 78“9, 101“2 Cincinnatus 15
binomial system; see Linnaeus civil law 72
Boethius 141“2 civil wars 24“5
Index
Classical Latin 90, 93, 95, 111, 112, 147 Gaul 24, 36, see also Caesar
colonization 13“14, 45 gender 188“9
comparative 193“4 genitive 185“6
Confessions, see St Augustine of Hippo Geoffrey of Monmouth 130
conjugations 200“9 German 38, 109, 168“9
consonants 11, 108“9, 111, 113 Germanic invasions 87“88
Constantine 78, 108 Germanic languages 87“8, 108“9
consul 8 Germans 74“5, 168“9
Corpus Iuris 71“2 gerund 209“10
gerundive 207“9, 209“10
dating system, see Roman calendar Gothic Bible, the 87
dative 187 Gracchus, Tiberius and Gaius 23
De agricultura, see Cato Grammar Schools 103
De architectura, see Vitruvius grammar teaching 103“4
De consolatione philosophiae, see Great Vowel Shift 11, 110
Boethius Greek 80, 149, 150, 151, 156, 159,
De rerum natura, see Lucretius see also loanwords and
declensions 185, 189“90; see also neologisms
adjectives Greeks 19“20, 33, 35, 47“8, 57, 64“5, 141
demonstrative pronouns 195“6 Gregory of Tours 128“30
Denis. St 124 Gregory the Great, Pope 124
Dentatus 15
deponents 200 handwriting (in manuscripts) 119
Descartes 144 Hannibal 14
Dies Irae 134“5 Harry Potter 163“4
diphthongs 5, 179 Harvey, William 151
Donatus 104 H©loïse 137“41
Dunstan, Archbishop of Canterbury 97 heretics 80“1, 125“7; see also Galilei
hexameter 51, see also metre
Einhard 96 Historia Calamitatum, see Petrus
emperor, title of 38“9 Abelard 139
emphatic pronouns 197 history 34“7, 127“31, see also Tacitus
English 10“11, 97“8, 111, 114, 172“4 Homer 51
English Church 97 Horace 54“6
epic poetry 51“4 Horatian ode, see Horace
Epicurus 59 hymns 134“5
Erasmus of Rotterdam 111, 147
Etruscan 12 Iliad, The 51“2
Etruscans 7,8,12 imperative 200
everyday language 65“70 indicative 199
Indo-European 10“11, 87
Forum Romanum 6“7 in¬nitive 200, 201
Franks, the 128 Inquisition, The 125, 162“3
French 91“2, 98, 99“100, 114, 170“2 inscriptions 10, 12, 26“7, 67“8, 69
Frontinus 64 Institutiones Oratoriae, see Quintilian
interrogative pronouns 196
Galen 149“50 Ireland 94
Galilei, Galileo 157“8 Irish 93
Gallic War, see Caesar Italian 3, see also Romance languages

302
Index
Italian (pronunciation of Latin) 113 neologisms 164“8, see also individual
Italic languages 10 languages
Nero 60, 76
Jerome, St 78“9, 103, 118, 147 Newton, Isaac 100, 158
John of Salisbury 98“9 nominative 186, 189“90
Jutes 88 Norman Conquest, see William the
Conquerror
language change 68“9, 88“92 Normans 172
Latium 7 North Africa 46, 47
Le Roy Ladurie, E., see Montaillou nouns 104, 184“91; see also sentences
legal language, see Roman Law and word classes
liberal arts, the seven 102“5
Ligurians 45 Octavian, see Augustus
Linnaeus 152“6 Odyssey, The 51“2
Livy 37, 118, 127 optimates 23“4
loanwords 3“4, 151, 164“8, see also oratory, see rhetoric and Cicero
individual languages Oscan 10
love poetry 49“51, 132, 135 Ostrogoths 101
Lucretius 57“9 Ovid 50“1
Luther, Martin 126 Oxford, University of 99, 100

magic 161“4 palaeography 119, 122
Magna Charta 98 palimpsest 117
manuscripts 115“22, see also papyrus paper 118“19
Marius 24 papyrus 27“8, 115“16
Martin of Tours, St 123 Paradise Lost, see John Milton
Marx, Karl 59 parchment 116“19
mathematics 105, 157“8 Paris, University of 137
medical language, see medicine participles 200“1
medicine 148“52 passive 199“200
Merovingian dynasty 128“9 pathology of the humours, see Galen
Metamorphoses, see Ovid patricians 13“14
metre 51, 132“3, 181 Patrick, St 93
military service 13 personal pronouns 194
Milton, John 126“7, 132 Petrarch 132
missionaries 93“6 Petronius, see Trimalchio™s Dinner Party
monastic system 93 philosophy 57“61, 141“5
Montaigne 144 Phoenician 45
Montaillou 125“6 physics 158
More, Thomas 147“8 Plato 96, 105, 142
Mucius 15 Plautus 21“3; everyday language 66“7
Muslim philosophers 143 plebeians 13“14
Pliny the Elder 64“5
names, Roman 39“41 Pliny the Younger 64,77
national languages 92, 106“7, 148, plural 184“5
149, 158 poetry 47“57, 131“6; see also metre
natural law 71“2 populares 23“4
Naturalis historia, see Pliny the Elder Potter, see Harry Potter
neologisms pre¬xes 213“14

303
Index
preposition 69, 184 senator 8“9
Priscian 108 Seneca 60“1, 63, 141
pronouns 194“7 sentences 182“3
pronunciation 4“6, 107“13, 179“80, see Severus, Sulpicius 123
also stress singular 184“5
Protestant churches 106, 126 slaves 17, 18“19, 21“2, 41, 68“9, 70
provinces 45“6 Spanish 3, see also Romance languages
public speaking, see rhetoric spelling 113“15
punctuation (in manuscripts) 119“20 spoken Latin 89, 90, see also everyday
Punic Wars 14, 132 language
Pyramus and Thisbe, see Ovid Stoicism 59“60
stress 6, 180“2
quadrivium 104“5 subjunctive 199
Quintilian 33,62 Suetonius 96
suf¬xes 211“13
Reformation, The 106 Sulla 24, 41
relative pronouns 195“6 Summa contra Gentiles, see Aquinas
Renaissance, The 145“8 Summma theologiae, see Aquinas
res publica 8 superlative 193“4
revolutions, see civil wars
rhetoric 29“30, 31“4, 104, see also Tacitus 73“6, 77, 127
Cicero tense 198“9
rhyme 132“3 Tertullian 77“8
Roman alphabet 4, 12, 115 textual criticism 121“2
Roman army 24, 45, 85, see also The City of God, see Augustine of Hippo
military service theatre 12, see also Plautus
Roman calendar 42“4 Thomism, see Aquinas
Roman Church 86, 95, 126, 127, 135, 143 Tiberius 41, 73“4
Roman Empire 12“14, 37“9, 44“7, 71, Torquatus 16
87“90 Trimalchio™s Dinner Party 68“9
Roman law 30, 70“73 trivium 103
Romance languages 46, 69, 90“2, 108, troubadour poetry, see love poetry
109, see also individual languages
Romanian 46 Umbrian 10
Rome, city of 6“7 universities 106
Romulus and Remus 7 Utopia, see Thomas More

saints 122“5; see also names of Valla, Lorenzo 147
individual saints Vandals 81
Sallust 35 Vascones 45
Salutati, Coluccio 146“7 verbs 197“209, see also sentences and
Satyrica, see Trimalchio™s Dinner Party word classes
Saxons 88 Vesalius 151
scansion 181 Vikings 97
schools 46, 61“63, 100“7 Virgil 52“4, 131
sciences 63“5, 156“60; see also Linnaeus virtues, Roman 14“17
Scottish 11, 111 Visigothic 87
scribes 117“18 Vita Sancti Martini, see St Martin
Senate 8“9 Vitruvius 63“4

304
Index
vocative 25, 189 word classes 104, 183“4; see also nouns,
vowels 5, 11, 110, 179“81 verbs, etc
Vulgar Latin 69 word endings, see suf¬xes
Vulgate 78“9 word formation 211“15
word order 3, see also sentences
William of Malmesbury 130 written Latin 26“9, 88, 89, 90, 98 see
William the Conqueror 98, 172 also manuscripts
William, bishop of Tyre 130 Wycliff, John 126
Winfrith, see Boniface
women 17, 40, 41 zoology, see Linnaeus




305

<<

. 44
( 44 .)