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meter the upload speeds on home accounts to a rate that would be too slow
to host a Web site or other Internet site.



AirPort 2.0.5 software
If you want to take advantage of future upgrades to the AirPort software
beyond version 2.0.4, you™ll have to upgrade your computer™s operating
system to at least OS X version 10.1.5. AirPort 2.0.5 is not available for Mac
OS 9 computers. You can use AirPort 2.0.5 software to configure or upgrade
your AirPort hardware to add the following features:
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Chapter 8: Setting Up a Wireless Mac Network

Updated firmware: Version 2.0.5 of the AirPort software includes the
latest version of the firmware (the product™s feature set stored as soft-
ware on chips inside the card or base station) for both AirPort Cards
and AirPort Base Station (v. 4.0.7). Apple recommends this firmware
update to customers who have problems connecting to their ISP or to
secure Web sites.
Improved PPPoE support: Many DSL broadband ISPs use a special
protocol ” Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE) ” to provide
a very fast Internet connection over normal telephone lines. AirPort
2.0.5 offers improved PPPoE support compared with previous software
versions.



AirPort 2.1.1 software
The most current AirPort software (at the time of this writing) is AirPort
2.1.1. If your Mac is running OS version 10.2 (Jaguar) or later, you can use
AirPort 2.1.1 to configure or upgrade your AirPort hardware. As is true with
AirPort 2.0.5, version 2.1.1of the AirPort software includes the latest version
of the firmware for both AirPort Cards and AirPort Base Station. In addition,
AirPort 2.1.1 adds the following features:

Verizon DSL: This update corrects problems that sometimes occurred
with e-mail when an AirPort network was connected to the Internet via
Verizon DSL services.
Added security: The Base Station administrator (you) can now turn off
the capability to configure the AirPort Base Station over the second
Ethernet port (the WAN port of the Snow Base Station; see the earlier sec-
tion “Come in, AirPort Base Station, over . . .”). This eliminates the possi-
bility that someone could reconfigure your Base Station over the Internet.
Password compatibility: AirPort 2.1.1 software makes it easier to enter
network passwords when you want to connect to a Microsoft Windows-
based wireless network. The new software automatically distinguishes
between alphanumeric (American Standard Code for Information
Interchange; ASCII) and hexadecimal passwords. With earlier versions of
the software, to connect to a Wired Equivalent Privacy protocol- (WEP)
encrypted Windows-based network, you had to type quotation marks
around alphanumeric values and type a dollar sign character ($) in front
of hexadecimal numbers. Read the “Connecting to Non-Apple-Based
Wireless Networks” section of this chapter for more on this issue.
144 Part III: Installing a Wireless Network


OS 9 Wireless Networks
When Apple released the first AirPort wireless network concurrently with the
release of the first iBook, the most current Apple operating system software
was Mac OS 8.6. Apple has since updated the original Mac OS to version 9.2
(9.2.2 at the time of this writing). All Apple computers that are AirPort ready
can be upgraded to Mac OS 9.2, although it might not be a free upgrade. This
section of the chapter covers configuring your AirPort Card in Mac OS 9.2 but
doesn™t cover earlier versions of this operating system. If your computer runs
Mac OS X (which isn™t an update of the original Mac OS; it™s a completely new
operating system), see the “OS X Wireless Networks” section later in this
chapter.

Although you still might be able to find an original (Graphite) AirPort Base
Station to purchase, the most current and full-featured model is the dual-
Ethernet port (Snow) AirPort Base Station with AirPort 2.0 (or higher) soft-
ware. Nonetheless, AirPort 2.0 software will install and configure the Graphite
or Snow AirPort Base Stations. The major differences between the two ver-
sions are the second Ethernet port and 128-bit encryption of the Snow Base
Station. And don™t forget that the new AirPort Extreme Base Station that can
transmit data at 54 Mbps and comes with a built-in print server.

AirPort 2.1.1 is the most current version of the AirPort software at the writing
of this book, but it won™t install under OS 9.2. Consequently, the following dis-
cussion describes the steps and shows screen images that relate to AirPort
2.0.4, which is the last version that will install and set up an AirPort Base
Station on OS 9.

If you have access to a computer that has OS X installed, consider using that
computer to configure your AirPort Base Station. The AOL compatibility fea-
ture of AirPort 2.0.4 software and later versions of the AirPort software can
be added and configured only from OS X.

Even though a CD containing AirPort software is distributed with both the
Base Station and the AirPort Card, check out the Apple Web site www.info.
apple/support/downloads.html to make sure that you have the latest
version of the AirPort software before setting up your AirPort network.

To set up an AirPort Base Station using the AirPort 2.0.4 software, you must
have the Base Station itself as well as the following:

An AirPort-ready computer with an AirPort Card, or a PowerBook G3
with either a Lucent WaveLAN or an ORiNOCO PC Card
Mac OS v. 9.2.1 or later
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Chapter 8: Setting Up a Wireless Mac Network

When you run the AirPort software installation, you first install (or upgrade)
software on your computer and then upgrade the firmware that™s built into
the AirPort Base Station. Finally, you configure the Base Station. The sections
that follow take you through the process step by step.



Installing AirPort software on Mac OS 9
To install AirPort software on your computer, follow these steps:

1. Close all open applications.
The installation process will cause the computer to restart, and you cer-
tainly don™t want to lose any of your work.
2. If you™re installing the software from a CD-ROM, insert the CD-ROM
and double-click the Install Mac OS 9 file.
Alternatively, you can download the most current version of the soft-
ware from the Apple Web site (www.info.apple/support/down-
loads.html) and then double-click the Apple SW Install file.
The Welcome window appears, as shown in Figure 8-1.




Figure 8-1:
The AirPort
2.0.4 Install
AirPort
Welcome
screen.



3. Click the Continue button to display the Select Destination window,
choose the drive where you want the software to be installed from the
Destination Disk list, and then click the Select button to display the
Software License Agreement.
4. Read the license agreement; if you agree, click the Continue button
and then click the Agree button to display the About AirPort window.
146 Part III: Installing a Wireless Network

5. After reading and/or printing the contents of the About AirPort
window, click the Continue button to display the Install/Remove
Software window.
6. In the Install/Remove Software window, click the Start button to display
a warning screen that the software installation will restart your com-
puter, which requires it to first quit all applications that are running.
You can click the Stop button to abort the installation program and
return to any application that you accidentally left open so that you can
save your work and close it down yourself. You™ll just have to start the
AirPort software installation again when you™re ready.
7. After you click the Continue button, the installer closes all running
applications and then copies the AirPort software to your computer™s
drive.
A message displays that the installation process is finished.
8. Click the Restart button to restart your computer.



Upgrading AirPort Base Station
firmware on OS 9
This section explains how to upgrade the firmware of a new AirPort Base
Station. Upgrading the firmware on your AirPort Base Station through a
direct Ethernet cable connection is the easiest route. Use an Ethernet cable
(either a straight-through cable or a cross-over cable; the Base Station auto-
matically detects the type of cable that you™re using) to connect your com-
puter™s Ethernet port to the Base Station™s LAN port.

To make sure that your computer can recognize the AirPort Base Station in
order to upgrade its firmware, execute the following steps:

1. Open the Control Panels menu by clicking the Apple menu icon (Ú)
in the upper-left corner of your screen and then selecting Control
Panels.
2. Choose TCP/IP to display the TCP/IP control panel.
3. Choose Ethernet from the Connect Via pop-up menu and then choose
Using DHCP Server from the Configure pop-up menu.
These settings will cause your computer to request an Internet Protocol
(IP) address from the AirPort Base Station that will enable your com-
puter and the Base Station to communicate.
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Chapter 8: Setting Up a Wireless Mac Network

4. Close the control panel; if prompted to save changes, click the Save
button.
5. To check whether TCP/IP is properly configured, repeat Steps 1 and 2.
The IP address should now be listed as 10.0.1.2 with subnet mask
255.255.255.0 and router address 10.0.1.1. If you don™t see these num-
bers, check that the AirPort Base Station is turned on and that the
Ethernet cable is plugged in securely on both ends. Then go through
these steps again.

To upgrade the firmware of a new AirPort Base Station that you™re setting up
for the first time, follow these steps:

1. Double-click the desktop icon for the hard disk on which you installed
the AirPort software.
The AirPort folder is located in the Apple Extras folder, which can be
found in the Applications folder.
2. When the hard disk™s folder opens, open the Applications (Mac OS 9)
folder, the Apple Extras folder, and the AirPort folder, in that order.
The open AirPort folder is shown in Figure 8-2.




Figure 8-2:
The AirPort
2.0.4 AirPort
folder.



3. Double-click the AirPort Admin Utility icon to display the Select Base
Station window, as shown in Figure 8-3.
You should see Base Station in the Name list. This is the factory-sup-
plied name for your AirPort Base Station. It should have the IP address
10.0.1.1.
4. Click Base Station to highlight it and then click the Configure button.
A message pops up requesting a password.
148 Part III: Installing a Wireless Network




Figure 8-3:
The AirPort
2.0.4 Select
Base
Station
window.



5. Enter public as the password and then click OK.
If the firmware installed in the Base Station is older than the firmware that
was supplied with your updated software, you see a message prompting
you that a newer version of the Base Station software is available.
• In this message window, click the Upload button to install the
newer software.
• If a message pops up stating that uploading the software will cause
the wireless network to be disconnected, click OK.
The new firmware is copied to the Base Station, and a message box
displays showing progress.
6. When the Select Base Station window returns, close it (click the X in
the upper-right corner).
7. Disconnect the Ethernet cable between your computer and the Base
Station.



Configuring the AirPort Base
Station on OS 9
After you™re sure that your AirPort Base Station has the most current
firmware, the easiest way to set it up for use in your wireless home network
is to use the AirPort Setup Assistant. The AirPort Setup Assistant reads the
Internet settings from your computer and transfers them to the Base Station
so that you can access the Internet over your wireless network. To use the
AirPort Setup Assistant, follow these steps:
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Chapter 8: Setting Up a Wireless Mac Network

1. Before running the AirPort Setup Assistant, set up your computer to
connect to the Internet by dialup modem or by broadband (cable or
DSL) modem.
Your ISP will provide instructions for getting connected.
• If you connect to the Internet by dialup modem: Connect the tele-
phone line to the phone line port on the Base Station.

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