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Boer War, 328, 329 party democracy, 203, 209
campaigns, 348 on Sinn Fein, 32, 372
Canadian home rule model, 157 and UIL, 304
Chartist influence, 33 and Webb, 163
class war, 73, 130“1 disestablishment
coercion discourse, 82 1868 General Election, 141
on Gladstone, 149 Church of England, 114
on Helen Taylor, 65 Church of Ireland, 53, 78, 113
Humanitarian League, 329 concepts, 101“5
humanitarianism, 326 Conservatives and, 272
Hyde Park demonstration (1887), 84 Scotland, 102“3
ideology, 109 Wales, 101“4, 114, 273, 291, 300
imprisonment, 132“3, 138 Disraeli, Benjamin, 35, 326, 364
INF and, 200 Dissenters
influence in Scotland, 115 Armenian atrocities and, 318
Irish representation in Westminster, 87 Chamberlain, 219
and Keir Hardie, 73 coercion rhetoric, 81“2
and Liberalism, 155“6, 299, 300, 357 dictates of conscience, 91
on papacy, 120 foreign policy, 35
party democracy, 21, 192“4 Home Rule support, 75“80
Radical Unionists on, 245 humanitarianism, 3
on religion, 121, 123 imperialism, 248“9
strategy, 71 local government tradition, 177
on terrorism, 135“7 miners, 72
and UIL, 303 New Liberalism, 367
Waterford by-election (1891), 155 popular liberalism, 5“6
410 Index

Dissenters (cont.) First World War, 374
suspicion of governing institutions, 63 Fisher, H. A. L., 338
Wales, 104“5 Foran, Revd, 118
Donald, Robert, 282 Forster, William Edward, 60, 133, 138,
Dreyfus affair, 347 154, 166, 231, 241
Dublin, 323 Foster, Roy, 29
Dublin Castle Foucault, Michel, 21, 175
Chamberlain on, 233 four-nation argument, 80
coercion: see coercion Fowler, H., 316
hatred of, 79 Fox, Charles James, 337
heavy-handed bureaucracy, 55 France
police state, 124 anti-clericalism, 114, 120
resistance rhetoric, 139 direct democracy, 209
Duff, Grant, 7 Dreyfus affair, 347
Duffy, Gavan, 86 Egyptian crisis, 166, 226, 227
Duignan, W. H., 233 Fashoda incident (1898), 358
Dunbabin, John, 3 Franco-Prussian War (1870“1), 91
Dunbartonshire Liberal Association, 189“90 Freycinet scheme, 218
Dungannon, 266 imperialism in Madagascar, 57
Dunlavin (Co. Wicklow), 129 Paris Commune, 52
Dunne, R. J., 165 radical democrats, 172
republicanism, 6
Easter Rising, 374 socialism, 11
Eastern Question Association, 40 franchise: see suffrage
Edinburgh, 116 Fraser, P., 277
Edinburgh Trades Council, 340 free trade, 5, 11, 17, 27, 43, 61, 65, 221,
education, 113, 238, 360 254, 256, 282, 345, 351, 365, 376
Egyptian invasion, 46, 48, 57“8, 73, freedom
166“7, 223“8, 322, 324 cultural context, 5
elections: see general elections; suffrage meaning, 372“3
Ellis, John, 341 Freeman, E. A., 35, 40
Ellis, Tom, 105, 106“7, 162, 329“30, Freycinet, Charles de, 218
339, 340 friendly societies, 28
emotionalism Froude, J. A., 251
Chamberlain and, 47, 220
Home Rule, 67“74, 353“61 Gaelicism, 261“2
politics, 34“44 Galway, 134“5, 302
virtue, 46 Garfield, James Abram, 231, 232
women, 91“2 Garibaldi, Giuseppe, 333
empire: see imperialism Garvin, J. L., 11, 43, 235
Engels, Friedrich, 277 Garvin, Tom, 32
Erne, Earl of, 263 Gee, Thomas, 104“5
European context, 24“7, 28 general elections
Exeter Hall, 3 1868, 141
1874, 54“5, 56, 142
Fabian Society, 358 1885, 7“9, 254
Factory Act (1895), 311 1886, 10“11, 95
Famine, 52 1892, 11
Fashoda incident (1898), 358 1895, 205, 304, 356
Fawcett, Henry, 40, 109, 278, 306 1900, 337“8, 340
Fawcett, Millicent, 257 George, Henry, 30, 66, 109, 228
Fenwick, Charles, 178, 314, 336 Germany
Ferry, J., 29 imperial constitution, 214
Finigan, L., 197 racial discourse, 249
Finsbury, 17, 163 social democracy, 6
Index 411

socialism, 11 Irish reputation, 32, 117“18, 147“9,
SPD, 209, 369 158“61, 166, 374
unionist model, 239, 276 on Jamieson raid, 326
Gill, Rebecca, 4, 35, 91, 248, 337, on King of Naples, 88
341, 358 local patriotisms, 16, 161
Gill, T. P., 161“2 Midlothian campaign (1879), 38, 40, 56,
Gladstone, Catherine, 93, 94 61, 118, 142, 163, 375
Gladstone, Herbert, 9, 43, 62“3, 142, 143, on Mitchelstown massacre, 87
297, 340, 350 moral imperatives, 4
Gladstone, William national icon, 283
1880-2 rule, 57 on nationalities, 80
anti-coercion, 244“5 and NLF, 177, 182, 183, 184, 188, 370
Armenian atrocities and, 318, 319, 320, political style, 27, 362“3
321“3, 325 press criticism, 281, 288
Birmingham, 269“71 priorities, 5
Blackheath speech (1876), 39 and Reform League, 182
on boycotts, 243 retirement, 7, 30, 168, 169, 298
and Bright, 259“60 rhetoric, 81, 152“3, 182, 364
Bulgarian agitation, 34“7, 41, 164, 165, Scottish education, 113
321, 354 sentimental liberalism, 267“8
and Chamberlain, 47“8, 219“24, Sudan policy, 67
234“5, 240 Ulster neglect, 17, 68, 258
charisma, 50, 51, 76, 96, 155, 158“61, Unionists vs, 238, 257
214, 215, 216 Welsh disestablishment and, 304
class politics, 27 Glasgow, 319
Compensation of Disturbance Bill Glebeigh evictions, 151
(1880), 123 Goodlad, G., 75
disestablishment, 53, 103, 113 Gordon, General, 241“2, 249
economics, 5 Gracchi, 85
Egyptian policy, 324 ˜Gracchus™ (Wherry Anderson), 45,
extension of suffrage, 151 56, 82
farm workers and, 128 Gramsci, Antonio, 20, 46
feminization of Gladstonianism, 4, 42, Granville, 2nd Earl, 57
88“95, 355 Grattan, Henry, 18, 31, 70, 112, 266
˜Gladstone worship™, 91, 275, 305 Gray, John, 141
Gordon massacre and, 241 Great Famine, 52
historiography, 12 Greece, 325
Home Rule Green, T. H., 3
1886 Bill, 8, 9“10 Grey, Charles, 2nd Earl, 42
1893 Bill, 11, 299 Grey, Edward, 341, 342, 357, 374
adoption of cause, 1“2, 15, 142“5 Griffiths, Arthur, 24, 276
alternative to Nationalism, 141 Grigg, John, 328, 358
historical case, 247 Guildford, 319
Hungarian model, 275 Guizot, Francois, 109
¸
Irish constitutionalism, 17“18
motivations, 15, 234 habeas corpus, 141, 231
obsession, 4, 256 Hacket, Revd John, 117
political skills, 145 Haldane, R. B., 316, 342, 357, 365
Westminster representation, 86 Hall, Catherine, 247
working-class impact, 1 Hall, Newman, 252
humanitarian politics, 38, 42, 91, 165, Hamer, D. A., 356
316“17, 321, 353“7 Hames, Tim, 60
Irish land reforms, 13, 14, 54, 67, 68“9, Hamilton, Colonel, 66
219, 236 Hammond, J. L., 12, 328
1886 Bill, 292 Hanna, Revd H., 265
412 Index

Hansen, Mogens Herman, 208 Gladstone popularity, 50, 51
Harcourt, William, 206, 209, 287, 313, ˜Hawarden kite,™ 67
317, 341, 358 politics of emotionalism, 67“74
Hardenberg, Karl August von, 109 pre-1885, 50“66
Hardie, James Keir Scotland, 95
Boer War, 329, 331, 338, 358 Wales, 103“7
Chinese labour, 359 dominant debate, 15“16
democracy, 170 and empire, 161“8
Home Rule supporter, 287 federalism, 86, 239, 246
Humanitarian League, 329 Gladstone mistake, 1“2
internationalism, 356 Gladstone obsession, 4, 256
leadership bid, 315 historiography, 12“18
and Liberalism, 346, 349, 356 revisionisms, 18
local support, 22 humanitarianism and, 353“61
Mid-Lanarkshire, 73 Irish politics
party labels, 307“8 popular liberalism, 108“26
radical alliance, 289, 327“8 post-1885 liberalism, 139“61
Weekly Times, 44, 285, 291 resistance to coercion, 139
Harrington, T. C., 136, 301, 303 working class perceptions, 17
Harris, Jose, 27, 338 National Liberal Federation,
Harrison, Frederick, 3, 52, 57“8, 63, 82, 338 endorsement, 183“90
Harrison, Henry, 178 Westminster representation, 86, 162, 258
Hartington, Lord, 7, 8, 15, 92, 147, 166, Home Rule League, 190
277, 278 Hopkins, Satchell, 271
˜Hawarden kite™ (1885), 9, 67 Hoppen, Theo, 28, 32, 43, 126
Healy, T. M., 111, 112“13, 121, 138, 148, Hopps, John Page, 75
153, 167, 192“3, 199, 202, 204, 205, House of Lords, 300, 311“13, 352, 365
298“9, 301, 304 Howe, S., 41, 343
Henderson, Arthur, 41, 349 Howell, David, 308
Herdman, E. T., 258 Howell, George, 22, 40, 42, 64, 83, 173,
Heyck, T. W., 12“13, 51 178, 306, 307, 334, 336, 347, 356
Hind, R. J., 55 Hughes, Hugh Price, 320
Hirst, F. W., 328 Hugo, Victor, 85
historiography Hulan, A., 188
colonialism, 24“7 humanitarianism
European context, 24“7, 28 Armenian atrocities, 49
Home Rule, 12“18 defining Gladstonianism, 91, 165,
˜new model™ empiricism, 19 316“17, 321, 353“7
Radicalism, 41“2 Home Rule and, 353“61
revisionisms, 18 labour politics, 71
Hobhouse, Emily, 338, 341“2 meaning, 3“4
Hobhouse, L. T., 338 politics of humanitarianism, 34“44
Hobson, J. A., 328, 332, 338, 358, 361, 374 women, 37“9
Holyoake, G. J., 345, 346 Hungary, 162, 234, 275
Home Government Association, 141 Hurst, Michael, 149
Home Rule Hutchison, I. G. C., 96, 98, 99
1886 Bill, 8, 9“10, 42, 145“7 Hyde Park demonstration (1887), 83“5,
1893 Bill, 11, 299 90, 139
alternative to Nationalism, 139“61 Hyde Park demonstration (1902), 344
context, 1“12 Hyndman, H. M., 44, 45, 285, 291
democratic significance, 4 Hythe, 272
domestic radical politics
coercion discourse, 80“8 imperialism
Dissenters, 75“80 1900 elections, 337“8
feminization of Gladstonianism, 88“95 debate, 3
Index 413

early anti-imperialism, 3 1890 split, 21, 30, 155
Irish politics, 161“8 1892 elections, 11
Radical Unionism, 247“50 ˜Hawarden kite™ and, 9
Tories, 38 ideology, 32“4
Independent Labour Party (ILP) leadership, 7
1886 election, 1 organization, 21“2
1895 election, 307 Parnellite group, 158
origins, 2, 12 see also Nationalism; Parnell, Charles
vs popular liberalism, 15 Stewart
press support, 287 Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), 31
India ˜Ironside™ (W. E. Adams), 56, 59“60
Gladstonian experiments, 15 Islam, Gladstone on, 36
home rule, 85, 162, 228“9, 376 Isle of Man, 62
imperial crisis, 48 Italy
imperialism, 57 anti-clericalism, 114
Muslims, 36 Austrian occupation, 60, 243
Mutiny (1857), 348 criminal anthropology, 25“6
North-West Frontier, 326 Risorgimento, 107, 242
routes to, 220 Sicilian repression, 88, 154, 166
Indian National Congress, 162, 163 socialism, 11
International Arbitration League, 358
internationalism, 356, 372 Jackson, A., 14, 39, 373
Ireland Jalland, Patricia, 361
1880“5 period, 7 Jamieson raid, 326, 357, 358
English administration: see Dublin Castle Jefferson, Thomas, 34
Great Famine, 52 Jenkins, Terry, 183, 184
Home Rule: see Home Rule jingoism, 3, 34, 166“8, 227, 321, 324
importance, 2 Johnston, William, 254
land: see land reform Jones, Ernest, 3, 42, 310
radical reforms, 13“14 Jordan, D., 172
repressive legislation: see coercion Jordan, Jeremiah, 122
Irish Land League, 75, 128, 190, 191, 192, 251 Joyce, Patrick, 36, 38, 267
Irish National Federation (INF) Judd, D., 244
break-away groups, 48
creation, 172, 371, 374 Kant, Immanuel, 85
party machine, 200“4 Kanturk (Co. Cork), 149
social reform, 301 Kay, Joseph, 109
Irish National League Kerry, 144, 151
agitation, 43, 137 Keynes, J. M., 376
authoritarianism, 23, 195 Khartoum, 241“2
class struggle and, 129“30 Kibblewhite, E. J., 284
foundation, 190 Kilmainham Treaty (1882), 134, 198
growth, 191, 196 Kim, M. M., 359
˜homely liberalism™, 125“6 Kimberley, Lord, 15, 317, 341
Paris funds, 195 Kissane, Bill, 28, 116, 125, 373
Parnell loyalty, 155 Kitson, James, 187, 212
party democracy, 47, 190“205, 371“2 Knight, Alan, 34
and Protestants, 251 Knight, Robert, 4
Redmond chairmanship, 204“5 Kropotkin, Prince P., 285
secularism, 113 Kruger, Paul, 222, 326
split, 199“201
trade union claim, 241“2 Labouchere, Henry, 55, 63, 70, 83, 84,
Irish National League of Great Britain, 41, 87 111, 235, 332, 358
Irish National Party Labour Party, 376
1885 election, 9 Labour Representation Committee, 22, 331
414 Index

Labour Representation League, 40, 314 ˜Hawarden kite™ (1885), 67
labourers, 129“30, 301, 311 politics of emotionalism, 67“74
Lalor, Thomas, 126“7, 128 pre-1885, 50“66
Lanark, 73 Scotland, 95
land reform Wales, 103“7
abolition of landlordism, 108, 110 humanitarian politics, 353“61
Chamberlain, 229, 232 independence mantra, 174
Irish agrarian radicalism, 291“8 Irish politics
labourers, 129“30, 301 alternative to Nationalism, 139“61
Land Acts, 31, 67, 292 context, 28“34
1870 Act, 54, 118, 141 Liberal“Nationalist alliance, 139“61
1881 Act, 125, 128“9 post-1885, 139“61
1895 Bill, 293“5, 300 roots of popular liberalism, 108“26

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