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1896 Act, 295 ˜New Liberalism™, 361“8
1903 Wyndham Act, 13, 237, 297 party of ideas, 18, 306
Land Bill 1886, 9, 10, 68“9, 292 popular liberalism, 6“7, 15, 30, 51, 108“26
land purchase, 100, 236, 256, 292, 295, 297 post-Gladstonian party, 304“16, 317
Nationalist policies, 302“3 principles, 174, 239
Nationalist rhetoric, 20 Protestantism and, 78
proposals, 219 split, 2, 146, 277
radical reforms, 13“14 terminal decline, 2“3
Scottish Highlands, 297“8 Liberation Society, 369
Land Tenure Reform Association, 170 Limerick, 97, 149
Land Transfer Bill 1887, 237 Linton, W. J., 52
landlordism List, Friedrich, 230
abolition, 108, 110 Lisvernane (Co. Tipperary), 117
decline, 297 Liverpool, 55, 154, 319, 325
humanitarian politics and, 355 Lloyd George, David
Newton incident, 126“7, 128 Boer War, 328, 341, 342, 360“1
social evil, 131“2 and Chamberlain, 217
language, Nationalism, 20 and Dissenters, 367
Lansbury, George, 14, 291, 310, 362 funds, 195
Lansdowne, Lord, 292 and House of Lords, 352
Larkin, E., 117 leadership, 367, 371
´
Laveleye, Emile de, 109 National Democratic League, 336
Lawrence, Jon, 18, 175 New Liberal, 360“1, 364
Lawson, Wilfred, 53, 333 People™s Budget, 351
Laybourn, K., 364, 367 politics of emotionalism, 362
League of Nations, 375 repression in Ireland, 375
Leamington, 272, 273 rhetoric, 365
Lecky, W. E. H., 31, 109, 255 sectionalism, 301
Leicester, 319 Unionism, 106
Leith, 319 Lloyd Jones, Patrick, 52, 67
Lewis, Major Bassett, 105 Lloyd™s Weekly, 280, 281“4
Lewis, Revd Robert, 104 local patriotisms, 16, 32, 161
Liberal Central Association, 174 Logue, Cardinal, 323
Liberalism Lombroso, Cesare, 26
1885 election, 7“8, 9 London, 83, 308“9
Catholics, 28 London Trades Council, 84
Chartism and, 5 Longford, 158
Home Rule domestic politics Lothian, Lord, 376
coercion discourse, 80“8 Loughlin, James, 17“18, 33, 111, 260, 266
Dissenters, 75“80 Lucy, Father, 118
feminization of Gladstonianism, 4, 42, Lynch, Patricia, 71
88“95 Lyons, F. S. L., 204
Index 415

Maamtrasna murders, 135, 240 miners
Mabon (William Abraham), 64, 74, 179 demonstrations, 344
Macaulay, Revd Matthew, 122 Nonconformists, 72
Macaulay, Thomas Babington, 109 Scotland, 72“3
MacCallum, Revd Donald, 115 trade unions, 179
McCarthy, Justin, 136, 149, 155, Wales, 73
156, 159, 163, 201, 202, Mitchelstown, 97, 149
203, 299 Mitchelstown massacre (1887), 87“8,
Maccoby, S., 306 151, 156
MacColl, Allan, 114 Montgomery, Hugh de Fellenberg, 255
McCracken, D., 329 Moody, D. L., 40
MacDonagh, Oliver, 110 Mooney, Revd Maurice, 118
McDonald, Alexander, 53 Moravians, 252
MacDonald, Ramsay, 44, 217, 285, 291, Morel, E. D., 374
328, 334, 358, 359, 374, 376 Morgan, K. O., 329, 331
McGuinness, E. W., 87 Morley, John
Machiavelli, Niccolo 337
`, Boer War, 338
MacKnight, T., 98 Chinese labour, 359
McLaren, Mrs W., 88“9 coercion discourse, 81
MacPhail, N., 115 correspondence with Chamberlain, 235
M™Polin, Revd., 299, 301 and Cowen, 179
Madagascar, 57 and Harcourt, 358
Maddison, F., 346 Home Rule supporter, 62, 86, 341
Maddison, Fred, 356 and Keir Hardie, 329, 331
Mahon, G. C., 251, 252 Land Bill 1995, 293“5, 300
Maine, Henry, 228 Manchester (1899), 328
Manchester, 150, 282, 328 and Nationalists, 299, 301
Mann, Tom, 285, 287, 291, 334, 336 Morley, S., 40
Markam, George, 211 Morpeth, 53
Marsh, P., 219 Morris, William, 40
Marshall, Alfred, 37 Motterhead, T., 40
Marx, Eleanor, 44, 285 Muir, Ramsey, 376
Marx, Karl, 20, 277, 365 Mundella, A. J., 40, 52, 54“5, 57, 231
Marxism, 207 Murdoch, John, 115
Massie, Professor, 211, 214 Murray, Gilbert, 338, 376
Massingham, H. W., 14, 310“11, 319,
362, 375 Nantwich, 149
Massy, Gerald, 160 Naoroji, Dadabhoi, 17, 163
Masterman, C. F. G., 352 Napier Commission, 115
Matthew, Colin, 15, 176, 354 Naples, King of, 1, 88, 154, 166
Maurice, F. F., 3 National Democratic League, 6, 22, 45, 49,
Mayo, 144, 302 79“80, 331“52, 361
Mazzini, Giuseppe, 85, 107, 162, 163, National Labour Party, 314
230, 242, 333 National Liberal Club, 174
Meath, 142, 154, 198 National Liberal Federation (NLF)
Merlino, F. S., 285 1886“1905, 183“90
Methodists, 75, 252, 267 Armenian atrocities and, 320
Michels, Robert, 21 Chamberlain and, 47, 173, 176, 187
Midlothian campaign (1879), 38, 40, 56, constitution, 184“6, 187, 208
61, 118, 142, 163, 375 direct democracy, 205“16
Mill, John Stuart, 3, 44, 65, 107, 109, effectiveness, 176“7
117, 140, 162, 170“2, 174, 208, historiography, 12
215“16, 219, 220, 232, 262, Home Rule, endorsement, 183“90
306, 376 independence, 174
Miller, D. W., 260 membership, 47
416 Index

National Liberal Federation (NLF) (cont.) O™Donnell, F. H., 334
Newcastle Programme 1891, 187, 188, O™Farrell, P. J., 130
205, 212, 309, 314 O™Higgins, Kevin, 28
origins, 169“71 O™Kelly, Edward, 129
party democracy, 23, 47, 172“83, O™Kelly, J., 167
368“71 O™Leary, Revd, 193
post-Gladstone, 307“13 Omagh scandal (1895), 203
regional structure, 186“7 opium trade, 354
wirepullers, 187“90 Orange Order, 77, 266, 301
working-class members, 177“8 Orme, Eliza, 92
National Liberal League, 40 O™Shea, Kitty, 11, 21
Nationalism O™Shea, William, 233
agrarian policies, 302“3 Ostrogorski, Moisei, 175
attachment to Gladstone, 147“9, Ottoman Empire: see Armenian atrocities;
158“61, 166 Bulgarian agitation
and Bulgarian agitation, 163“6 Owen, James, 22
constitutional Nationalism, 16
and empire, 161“8 Paine, Tom, 109, 220
ideology, 29“30, 32“4 Palmer, Conservative agent, 269
and Irish Liberalism Palmerston, Lord, 7, 117, 227
alliance, 139“61 Pankhurst, R., 66
post-1885, 139“61 Panopticon, 175
roots, 108 Paris funds, 195
political violence, 131“9 Parnell, Anna, 65
resistance to coercion discourse, 139 Parnell, Charles Stewart
socially inclusive language, 20, 127 1885 election, 9
splits, 298“304 agrarian mobilization, 302
nationality, Gladstone on, 80 alliances, 58, 71, 155
Naumann, F., 29 assassination fears, 241
Nelson, Revd Isaac, 122 bankruptcy, 61, 119
neo-Chartism, 363 and Bradlaugh, 163
New Zealand, 327 Cardiff visit, 74
Newcastle, 60, 112“13, 132, 179, 319, 344 and Chamberlain, 232, 234
Newcastle Debating Society, 59“60 draft Home Rule Bill, 8
Newcastle Programme 1891, 11“12, 187, and English politics, 165
188, 202, 205, 212, 309, 314 farm workers and, 128
Newton, D. J., 41 inclusivity, 17, 32, 127
Nonconformists. See Dissenters and INL, 47, 371
Northampton, 319 Land League presidency, 191
Nottingham, 319 and Liberalism, 29, 108, 150
Nulty, Thomas, Bishop of Meath, 154 local government proposals, 233
NLF rejection, 172
O™Brien, Barry, 18, 140 objectives, 111
O™Brien, Conor Cruise, 21, 23, 29, 144, party democracy, 7, 21, 192, 194“201
178, 198 Piggott case, 154“5
O™Brien, J. F. X., 87, 144, 163 popular politics skills, 27
O™Brien, Joseph, 136 protectionism, 254, 256
O™Brien, William, 31, 88, 201“3, 204, 264, Protestantism, 70
294, 295, 299, 301, 302“3, 304 Radical Unionists and, 252
O™Connell, Daniel, 28, 43, 70, 116“17, reputation, 86
120, 162, 190 scandal, 11, 23, 30, 94, 155,
O™Connor, T. P., 83, 120, 167, 194, 199“201, 370
282, 310 and Scotland, 115
O™Day, Alan, 149 trust in, 23
Odger, George, 42 and Ulster, 121
Index 417

Westminster representation and, 86, 162 Liberalism and, 78
see also Irish National Party Protestant Nationalists, 121“3, 153
Parry, J. P., 15 Ulster, 251“66
Parsees, 163 Prussia, Franco-Prussian War (1870“1), 91
party democracy Pugh, Martin, 95, 278
caucuses, 175
Irish National League, 190“205, 371“2 Quakers, 354
mass parties, 368“72 Quantrill, William, 247
models, 169“83
National Liberal Federation, 169“83, racial discourse, 25“6, 247, 249“50
368“71 Radical Unionists
1886“1905, 183“90 1886 Home Rule Bill, 147
direct democracy, 205“16 Birmingham, 269“71
Peatling, G. K., 14, 52, 53 Chamberlain, 47“8, 217“38
Peel, George, 273 coercion supporters, 238“50
Pelling, H., 58 failure, 276“80
pensions, 276 gender politics, 278“80
people, concept, 20 imperialism, 247“50
Peoples™ International League, 50 impotence, 267“74
People™s Rights Association, 298 land reform, 100, 292“3
Pericles, 171, 215, 216 merger with Tories, 269“72
Peterloo massacre (1817), 87, 139, 150 racial discourse, 247, 249“50
Petersfield, 325 Ulster card, 251“66
Phillips, Wyndford, 90 Ulster Liberals, 16
Phoenix Park murders, 136, 240 values, 239
Pick, D., 26 Weekly Times, 280
Pickard, Benjamin, 178, 356 radicalism
Piggott, Richard, 154“5 1882“6 rise, 7, 217“38
Pinkerton, John, 122 1895“1905 recasting, 48“9
Pitt, William, 234 diverging directions, 275, 280
Plunkett, Horace, 301 Irish agrarian radicalism, 291“8
Poland, 62, 84, 276, 355 Nationalist splits, 298“304
political participation, Victorians, 180 post-Gladstonian Liberals, 304“16, 317
political parties Weekly Times: see Weekly Times & Echo
anti-parliamentarianism, 22“3 historiography, 41“2
democracy: see party democracy Home Rule politics, 7, 43“4
machines, 22 coercion discourse, 80“8
radical parties, 21 Dissenters, 75“80
politics of conscience, 91, 267 emotionalism, 67“74
Ponsonby, Arthur, 365, 374 feminization of Gladstonianism, 4, 42,
Poor Law, 95, 124 88“95
Portsmouth, 319 ˜Hawarden kite™ (1885), 67
Positivism, 3, 52, 53 pre-1885, 50“66
Potter, George, 39, 64 Scotland, 95
Powell, Enoch, 266 Wales, 103“7
Power, John O™Connor, 117 Irish politics
Presbyterians, 75 Liberal“Nationalist union, 139“61
Preston, T., 333 popular liberalism, 108“26
Price, Richard, 220, 333 resistance to coercion, 139
Priestley, Joseph, 220 National Democratic League, 331“52
Primitive Methodists, 252 party democracy: see party democracy
Primrose League, 22, 93, 257, 307 philosophical radicalism, 219
Protestantism Unionists: see Radical Unionists
British values, 39“40 Ramsay, Lord, 55
Dissenters: see Dissenters Reading, 319
418 Index

Readman, P., 307, 356, 365 party democracy, 205“6, 209
Redistribution Act 1885, 246 resignation, 288“9, 317, 342
Redmond, John social imperialism, 356“8
agrarian radicalism, 298 Weekly Times on, 289
Boer War, 327, 328 Ross and Cromarty, 99
Easter Rising, 374 Rossa, Jeremiah O™Donovan, 136“7,
on Gladstone, 158 165, 245
INL chairmanship, 204“5 Rossetti, Dante Gabriel, 40
and Liberalism, 150, 155, 299 Royal Irish Constabulary, 139
Nationalist reunification, 304 Ruskin, John, 107
and Orangemen, 301 Russell, A. K., 360
party democracy, 209 Russell, Lord John, 117
secularism, 32, 120 Russell, T. W., 16, 48, 262“6, 291“2,
Waterford by-election (1891), 155 297, 303
Redmond, Willie, 150, 301, 328, 339 Russia, 62, 322, 347
Reform League, 182
Reid, Alastair, 71, 314 Saab, A. Pottinger, 36“7, 163, 359
Reid, Mrs M. S., 86 St Margaret (Co. Dublin), 152
Reith, James, 100 Salisbury, Robert, Marquis of, 8, 9, 14, 147,
religion 237, 263, 264, 273, 277, 318, 324“5
Catholic Church: see Catholic Church Samuel, Herbert, 211, 341, 363, 370“1
disestablishment: see disestablishment San Stefano, Treaty of (1878), 324
Dissenters: see Dissenters Sankey, I., 40
Irish clerics, 116 Sarti, Roland, 34
Nationalists™ non-sectarianism, Schnadhorst, F. W., 187, 188, 239
120“1 school boards, 360
Protestants: see Protestantism Scotland
Renan, Ernest, 18“34 1886 Land Bill, 115
republicanism, 6, 33, 225 Boer War and, 342“3
resistance discourse, 139 Crofters™ Act, 99, 297
revisionisms, 18 crofters™ wars, 114“16, 139
Reynolds, Edward, 45 disestablishment, 102“3
Reynolds™s Newspaper, 44“6 Disruption, 102“3
Rhodes, Cecil, 329 Education Act 1872, 113
Richard, H., 40 Highland Clearances, 102
riots, Britain, 139“40 home rule, 96, 100“1
Ripon, Lord, 15 Irish Home Rule politics, 75, 95
Riverstown (Co. Sligo), 133 land reform, 14, 297“8
Roberts, Lord, 338 Laymen™s League, 103
Robertson, John, 1 Local Government Acts, 238
Rochdale, 319 miners, 72“3
Roebuck, J. A., 21 Scott, C. P., 101, 213, 328, 332, 338, 341
Rogers, Guinness, 76 Scottish Home Rule Association, 100“1
Rogers, Thorold, 109 Scottish Liberal Association, 186, 312
Romani, R., 225, 244 Scottish Women™s Liberal Federation, 95
Roosevelt, Franklin, D., 14 Searle, G. R., 18
Ropke, Wilhelm, 34
¨ secularism, 17
Roscommon, 167, 295, 302 self-help, 5
Rosebery, Archibald, Earl of Sexton, James, 291
Armenian policy, 319, 325 Sexton, Thomas, 133, 196, 199, 299
Boer War, 337 sexual scandals, 94
and Campbell-Bannerman, 339“40 Shackleton, D. J., 346, 349

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