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Index




aggregation, 4“6, 10“14 cross-district coordination.,
de¬nition of, 2 See aggregation
¬gure, 27
Duverger, Maurice, 15
payoff, 15“16, 33“39
Duverger™s law, 10, 43
policymaking implications, 184
probability of capturing payoff,
Estrada, Joseph, 170
16, 39“45
theory of, 15“17, 27“28, 29“33
Fearon, James, 54
Arroyo, Gloria Macapagal, 170
Franzese, Rob, 61
bicameralism, 36, 52
Golder, Matt, 10, 40, 52, 57, 61
Brambor, Thomas, 61
Golder, Sona, 30
Carey, John, 53
Handley, Paul, 140
Carlos, Clarita, 157
centralization,
in¬‚ation,
horizontal, 16, 27, 35“39,
de¬nition of, 13, 47“48
52
intra-district coordination.,
vertical, 16, 27, 34, 51
See coordination, within
Chalerm Yubamrung, 96
districts
Chavalit Yongchaiyudh, 120
Chhibber, Pradeep, 15, 27, 34
Kam, Cindy, 61
Chulalongkorn, 88
Kasuya, Yuko, 153, 165
Clark, William, 10, 61
Kollman, Ken, 15, 27, 34
coordination, 9“15, 28
cross-district., See aggregation
linkage. See aggregation
within districts, 10, 28
Corazon, 159 Mþ1 rule, 10, 43, 102
Cox, Gary, 10, 15, 28, 40 Magsaysay, Ramon, 152


205
Index
206

Nacionalista Party, 151, 152, 155,
Mainwaring, Scott, 4, 92,
156
156
Philippines, presidency, 160
Marcos, Ferdinand, 150, 152
Philippines, term limits, 174
McCargo, Duncan, 140
Pinochet, Augusto, 38
Mongkut, 88
political parties,
party cohesion, 37, 52
Ockey, James, 140
purpose of, 4“6
political party,
Pahonyothin, 88
de¬nition of, 3
party factionalism. See political
Prem Tinsulanonda, 118, 122
parties, cohesion
probability, 16, 39, 65
party system,
operationalization, 65
de¬nition of, 3
parliamentary systems, 44
party system, in¬‚ation. See in¬‚ation
presidential systems, 40
party system, nationalization, 2“3, 6,
8“9
Quezon, Manuel, 160
consequences, 9, 184
Quimpo, Nathan, 156
party system, number of parties,
consequences, 7“8, 184
Ramos, Fidel, 43
effective number, de¬nition, 7
reelection, president, 42“44,
Phibun Songkhram, 88
71
Philippines,
reserve domains, 38, 52
as a comparative case, 20“24
Riggs, Fred W., 90
Philippines, election monitoring,
167
Samuels, David, 40
Philippines, electoral system,
Sanoh Thienthong, 138
160“63
Sarit Thanarat, 88
House of Representatives, 160
Sartori, Giovani, 15
Senate, 161
Scully, Timothy, 92, 156
write-in ballot, 162
Shugart, Matthew Soberg, 4, 8, 10,
Philippines, party system,
40, 53
aggregation, 164“74, 165
size of the prize.
bifactionalism, 166
See aggregation payoff
characteristics, 152“56
social heterogeneity, 33, 54, 78
counter-concurrency effect, 173
strategic coordination, 102
guest candidatures, 154
assumptions, 103
history, 150“52
strategic entry, 102
party platforms, 155
strategic voting, 102
party switching, 152“53
post-Marcos, 164
Taagepera, Rein, 10
vote splitting, 154
term limits, 42.
Philippines, political parties,
See reelection, president
KBL, 157
Thailand,
LAKAS-NUCD, 152
as a comparative case, 20“24
Liberal Party, 151, 152, 155,
Thailand, constitutional history, 114
156
Index 207

Thailand, political parties,
Thailand, constitutional reform,
Chart Thai, 95, 122, 123
1997, 127“29
Democrat Party, 95, 105, 123,
2007, 140“44
implications, 129“33 125
factions, 91
party list, 147
Muon Chon, 96
Senate, 145
New Aspiration Party, 92,
Thailand, elections,
split district returns, 96 95, 105, 120, 123, 138
Palang Dharma, 96, 123, 138
vote buying, 103
Thailand, electoral history, 114 Palang Prachachon Party, 143
Thailand, electoral system, Prachachon Party, 106
block vote, 100“01 Thai Rak Thai, 120, 123,
incentives of block vote, 102“05 136
Thailand, horizontal centralization, Thailand, prime minister selection,
118 121
bicameralism, 118 Thailand, social heterogeneity,
party cohesion, 118 122
reserve domains, 118 Thailand, vertical centralization,
Thailand, monarchy, 119 117
Thailand, number of parties, 98 Thaksin Shinawatra, 119
within-district coordination, fall of, 139“40
rise of, 136“39
100“10
Thailand, party system, Thanom Kittikachorn, 89
aggregation, 110“12 turncoatism. See Philippines, party
aggregation incentives, 122 system, party switching
characteristics, 91“94
history, 88“91 Ukrist Pathmanand, 140
party cohesion, 138
regional patterns, 109, 125 volatility, electoral, 93, 154
Southern exception, 105, 124
vote differential, 94 Wallack, Jessica Seddon, et. al., 53

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