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Index




Abortion, 75, 150 Al Hussein, Prince Zeid, 107, 154
Al Qaeda, 197, 233
ACABQ. See United Nations, Advisory
al-Abdallah, Queen Rania, 184
Committee on Administrative and
Budgetary Questions Alexanderkazerne, planned ICC premises,
Acholis, 196, 197, 201À2, 209 182
Adede, Andronico, 50 American Servicemembers Protection Act,
172“74
Admissibility
of cases to ICC, 80 Amicus curiae
challenges to, in ICC, after warrants ICC Prosecutor™s responses to submissions,
issued, 207 239
evaluation of for ICC, 111 PTC I invitation for submissions, 238
LRA amnesty quest, 208 Women™s Initiative for Gender Justice
NGO participation in negotiations on, 148 request, 224
“sufficient gravity” in Lubanga case, 221 Amnesty
Sudan effort to pre-empt, 233 Argentina “Full Stop” law, 109
Advocats sans Front±ers, 159 Augusto Pinochet and self-amnesty, 35
`
African Union, 176, 229, 232, 234 impunity, 34
peacekeeping in Darfur, 235À6 South Africa TRC, 35
Aggression, crime of, 69, 186“89, 258 Uganda
amending ICC Statute to permit exercise of Commission reaction to ICC
jurisdiction over, 148 announcement, 201
ASP, 181 offer to LRA, 197
Amnesty International, 144, 147
claims of, in communications to ICC OTP,
115 Central African Republic, 242
Grotius and accountability for, 17 domestic implementation of ICC law,
Hague rules of 1907, 20 190
ICC PrepCom negotiations, 104 founding, 28
ICC Statute, 74, 92 purpose, 28
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany, 22 reaction to OTP announcement of Uganda
proposals for international jurisdiction, 23, investigation, 200
27 retributive justice, 34
risk of extending jurisdiction, 166 view of “interests of justice” under ICC
Akayesu, Jean-Paul, 61, 244 Statute, 157


293
294 Index

Angola, 211 Bin Laden, Osama, 197
Annan, Kofi, 104, 173, 208 Bitti, Gilbert, 125
Anti-apartheid movement, 8 Blanch, Reginald, 108
Apartheid, 28 Blaskic case, ICTY, 53
crime against humanity in ICC Statute, 77 Bolton, John, 172, 173
ICL draft statute for ICC, 74 influence on Security Council resolution on
transitional justice, 35 Darfur referral to ICC, 230
U.N. Convention against, 39 opposition to ICC at U.N., 177
Arbour, Louise, 49, 53 versus Condoleeza Rice on Darfur, 176
focus on higher-level suspects, 117 Bosnia-Herzegovina
gender crimes, 61 obstruction of ICTY investigators in, 62
secret indictments, 53 Special war crimes tribunal, 51
UN High Commissioner for Human Tadic suspected of mistreatment of
Rights, 237 prisoners in, 52
Argentina, 30, 34, 109 Brammertz, Serge, 234
Brazil, 30, 108, 230, 232
Arms control
ICC Statute negotiations, 149 Bull, Hedley, 40, 179
treaties, as related to war crimes law, 19 Bush, George W., 91, 104, 154, 173, 230
Arrest warrants
first by ICC in Uganda, 102, 118 Cambodia, 35
pressure from PTC for OTP request in Canada, 108
Darfur, 125 Carnegie Endowment, 18
request by ICC Prosecutor for Thomas Carr, Edward Hallett, 23
Lubanga Dyilo, 122 Carter, James S., 29
Taylor, Charles, by Sierra Leone special Case Matrix, 119
court, 178 Cassese, Antonio
Arusha, 53, 60, 63, 64, 229 critical of ICC OTP, 237, 241
Assembly of States Parties. See International ICTY President, 49, 59
Criminal Court, Assembly of States Special Rapporteur on Darfur, 228
Parties Cathala, Bruno
Assembly of States Parties to the Rome conflicts in ICC, 121
Statute of the ICC (ASP). See elected as ICC Registrar, 108
International Criminal Court, Assembly ICC Director of Common Services, 106
of States Parties on victim orientation of ICC, 130
Central African Republic, 120, 194, 206,
Bachelet, Michelle, 177 211, 242À4
self-referral to ICC, 243
Bassiouni, M. Cherif
UN Mission in (MINURCA), 242
Chair of Rome Statute Drafting
Committee, 71 Chad, 30, 152, 194, 242
Chile, 30, 34, 177
Head of Experts Commission on
Yugoslavia, 38 China
ICTY Prosecutor candidate, 49 abstains on Sudan referral, 226, 230
NGO Committee on ICC Statute, 38 ICC negotiations, 71
proposal to ILC, 37 non-signatory of ICC Statute, 104
Bensouda, Fatou, 120, 234 position on Sudan referral, 169
Bergsmo, Morten, 111, 113, 115 rhetorical support for ICC objectives, 169
Berkeley Human Rights Project, 158 votes to delay ICC Statute completion, 72
Bigombe, Betty, 197, 206 Christian Aid, 202
Ciribanya, Xavier, 213
Bilateral Immunity Agreements (with U.S.),
154, 166 Civil law, 10, 49, 53, 58, 82, 109, 122À3,
cost to U.S. interests, 192 183
295
Index

Civil society, 15, 28, 89 See also Non- referral to ICC, 116
admissibility, 221
governmental Organizations
constructivism, 143 effect on internal politics, 213
ICC OTP meetings in situation states, 215 victims™ participation in ICC procedures,
217
ICC Prosecutor™s desire to stay in touch,
113 Constructivism, 4, 39, 65, 69, 254
Civil society organizations, 6 decision-makers™ identities, 43, 65, 143
Clinton, William J., 91 ICC normative consensus, 143
norm entrepreneurs, 145
Administration deters anti-ICC legislation,
172 NGOs, 164
Administration support for ICC, 170 normative shifts, 13
signs ICC Statute, 104 norms cascade, 14
shame as compulsion, 246
Coalition for the International Criminal
states joining ICC, 89
Court. See NGO Coalition for the ICC
and states™ motivations, 192
Cold War
concerns over human rights, 29 Craddock, Bantz, 176
end of, stimulates legal development, 29 Crawford, James, 38
end of, and Yugoslavia, 31 Crimes against humanity, 5, 8, 20
ad hoc tribunals, 31, 43
thwarts progress on IHL and ICL
development, 27 Akayesu case (ICTR), 61
Common law, 10, 66, 103, 123, 166, 183, and Armenians in World War I, 24
250 charges against LRA leaders, 204
Comoros, 152 Darfur, 175, 229, 240
Complementarity. See also International in DRC arrest of Joseph Lubanga Dyilo,
220
Criminal Court, Of¬ce of the
first codified in ICC Statute, 77
Prosecutor, Jurisdiction, Cooperation,
gender crimes as, 87, 150
and Complementarity Division
admissibility, 80 and ICC Statute, 69, 74
as Nuremberg charge, 25
constraint on ICC, compared to ad hoc
tribunals, 102 as Tokyo Tribunal (IMTFE) charge, 25
distinguished from primacy, 77
emergence in statute negotiations, 79 Darfur. See also Arbour, Louise; Cassese,
ICC as backup to national prosecution, 69 Antonio; Sudan
OTP strategy report, 141 China abstention on ICC referral, 169
positive and negative, 116 Colin Powell™s claim of genocide, 175
solution to sovereignty dilemma, 92 International Crisis Group on, 234
states and, 153 Jan Egeland on, 236
Concerned Parents Association (Uganda), 202 Local prosecutions of suspects, 233
Conciliation Resources, 202 referral by U.N. Security Council, 226“8
Congo, Democratic Republic of, 210“26, See shift of Sudan government attention to,
also Kabila, Joseph 227
ambush of U.N. peacekeepers by LRA in, Dayton negotiations, 36
206 Defense
arrest of Thomas Lubanga Dyilo, 220 counsel for Thomas Lubanga, 122
child soldiers, 224 evidence disclosure, 122, 217
civil law jurisdiction, 133 ICC Registry responsibility to arrange, 159
civil war and regional intervenors, 211 NGO support for “equality of arms” at
estimated casualties in conflict in, 210 ICC, 163
ICC field office in Ituri, 156 resignation of counsel delays Lubanga
ICC looking into crimes in Ituri, 115 trial, 224
obligation to cooperate regarding LRA, 207 rights of accused, 86
296 Index

Del Ponte, Carla mainstreamed in prosecution by
focus on high level suspects, 117 Goldstone, 61
ICC Chief Prosecutor candidate, 108 NGO advocacy, 39
victims™ quest for justice, 118
investigation of Serb charges against
NATO, 63 Geneva Conventions
need for government cooperation, 246 of 1864, 19
pace of tribunal activity, 50 of 1949, as basis for ICTY, 75
Serb government non-cooperation, 55 Geneva Society for Public Welfare, 19
Genocide, 5, 8
Draft Code of Offenses against the Peace and
Security of Mankind, 27, 37 and ad hoc tribunals, 31, 42, 43
Dunant, Henri, 19 Akayesu case (ICTR), 61
charge by U.S. Secretary of State Colin
Powell regarding Darfur, 228
Egeland, Jan, 195, 208, 236
charge to ILC, 27
El Salvador, 30
Convention against, 25, 82
Epistemic community, 66, 91, 257
Darfur, 175
Equality of arms, 159, 163
DRC arrest of Joseph Lubanga Dyilo, 220
European Enlightenment, 16
ICC Statute, 69, 74
European Inter-Parliamentary Union, 23
incitement or initiating attempt as crime,
European Union, 55
86
members™ support for ICC, 169
Raphael Lemkin™s neologism, 22
support for ICTY outreach, 62
Rwandan, spilling over into DRC, 211

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