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Bartolomeo di Giano, Fra, 206“7 Buondelmonti, Cristoforo, 15, 196
Barzanes, Theodore, 157, 169 Bursa, 32, 73, 196, 205, 206
Basilikos family, 228, App. II, App. III,
Callixtus III, pope, 214
App. V(D)
Candarl± Halil Pasa, grand vizier, 190n22, 202“3
John, 270, App. III ¸ ¸
Batatzina, 166 Candarl± Hayreddin Pasa, Ottoman
¸ ¸
commander, 88, 89, 93, 249
Baux, Jacques de, 235, 236
Candia, 65
Bayezid I, sultan, 30“3, 38, 99, 100, 129, 137“40,
captives, 9, 11, 33, 50, 73, 107, 112, 152, 157, 210,
201, 208, 231, 240, 242, 251, 255“7, 286
213, 214, 241
and archontes of the Morea, 242“4, 246“8,
castellanus/-i, of Coron and Modon, 244, 258,
255
276
and John VII, 132“3, 137
Centurione, Barnaba, 224
and Thessalonike, 86“7, 89“90, 105
341
Index
ˇ Clarentza, 280
Cernomen, see Maritsa, battle of
Clavijo, Ruy Gonz´les de, 15, 186, 196, 201
Chalazas a
moneychanger, 75 clergy, 13, 41, 42, 46, 54, 97, 104, 113, 114, 135“6,
Theodore, myrepsos, 81, App. I 171, 172, 180, 188, 209, 217, 218, 232, 250,
Chalkeopoulos, Stylianos, tavernkeeper, 156 277, 286
Chalkidike, 57, 61, 64, 80, 89, 90 commercium, see kommerkion
Chalkokondyles family, 229 Constantine XI Palaiologos, emperor, 37, 141,
Laonikos, historian, 8, 10, 31, 127“8, 129n39, 213, 214, 217, 219, 222“6, 233, 269, 278
150, 190“1, 243, 245, 254, 261“2, 266, 267, as despot in the Morea, 14, 252, 269“73, 276
272, 282 granted Selymbria by John VIII, 141
tax-farmer, 229 Constantinople, 20, 22, 24, 25, 36, 37, 44, 47, 48,
52, 53, 60, 88, 115, 238, 246, 247, 249, 252,
charatzin, see harac
Chateaumorand, Jean de, 152 264, 267, 278, 279, 283“5, 287
Chioggia, war of, 122 forti¬cations, 178, 187, 194, 198, 213, 224
gates, 139, 149: Charisios, 132; Golden Gate,
Chios, 68, 157“9, 206, 210
137; Plateia, 210, 214n118
Choniates family, 79
Golden Horn, 191, 192n31, 210
Symeon, 79, App. I
Hippodrome, 173
Chorta¨tes, battle of, 58
±
Mese, 191
Chortasmenos, John, 13, 19, 196“8
Christoupolis (Kavalla), 25, 153 population, 187“8n11, 222
Chronicle of the Morea, 266 quarters: Eugenios, 178; Florentine quarter,
Chronicle of the Tocco, 265 191; Kynegoi, 156, 172; Psatharia, 168; St.
Chrysaphes, John, 171 Romanos, 163; Turkish quarter, 138, 201,
207
Chrysoberges
Manuel, baker, 155“6 sieges: of Bayezid I, 31“3, 132“3, 149“83, 188,
Maximos, 136, 151n13 213; of Musa Celebi, 72, 186, 189; of Murad
¸
II, 35, 143, 187“9, 206; siege and capture by
Chrysoloras
Mehmed II, 38, 220“30
Demetrios, writer and government of¬cial,
149, 183, 185“6, 261“3, App. IV see also bailo; churches; kadi; monasteries
Thomas, archon, 82, App. I, App. II convents, see monasteries
Church, Byzantine, 45, 97, 103, 113, conversion
to Catholicism, 12, 14, 28, 136, 151n13
158; see also clergy; Orthodoxy; union,
to Islam, 26, 84n1, 143“5, 147, 151n13, 188,
ecclesiastical
199“200, 203, 229, 255
churches
Amolyntos (Constantinople), 178“9 Corcondille, see Krokondylos family
Corfu, 8, 9, 82n110, 283
Forty Martyrs, kellydrion (Thessalonike), 59
Corinth, 46, 235, 270
Gabraina (Constantinople), 175
Isthmus of, 243, 257, 266; see also Hexamilion
St. Euphemia (Constantinople), 170
sold to the Hospitallers, 257“8
St. John the Theologian (Constantinople),
surrendered to Mehmed II, 280“2
173
Cornaro, Marie d™Enghien, 239, 256
St. Michael (Constantinople), 178
Coron, 235, 241“2, 244, 247, 258, 263, 268, 271,
St. Sophia (Constantinople), 14, 154, 176, 196,
276“7
219
cotton, export of, 62, 64
St. Sophia (Thessalonike), 104, 108
Council of Basel, 211
Chutela, Manoli, 210, App. III; see also
Council of Constance, 264
Goudeles family, Manuel
Council of Ferrara“Florence, see Union of
civil wars
Byzantine, 19, 20, 25, 74, 115, 135“6, 141, 147, Florence
230: John VI vs. John V, 9, 11, 21, 43, 119, Cretans, 143, 229
121, 148n119; Andronikos IV vs. John V, 29, Crete, 49, 50, 105, 110, 112, 144, 229,
39, 127, 130, 146, 238; John VII vs. Manuel 264
II, 134 Constantinopolitan refugees in, 150, 213, 230
Ottoman: among Bayezid I™s sons, 32, 34, 186; see also wine, Cretan
Crimea, 158, 204
see also interregnum; Mustafa vs. Murad II,
189 Cyprus, 8
342 Index
Dadas, 62“3 Evrenos Beg, Ottoman commander, 239“40,
Dandolo, Giacomo, captain of Thessalonike, 112 243, 249
Daneion, 129 Exotrochos, Nicholas, 164“5
Dardanelles, 25, 125, 152
famine, 57, 63, 106, 149“52, 163, 164, 166, 241“2;
dar¨ lislam, 26
u
Deblitzene, Maria, 58“9, 92 see also food shortage
Filelfo, Francesco, 214, 228, App. V(C)
Deblitzenos family, 79, 92
Manuel, 57“60, 79, 80, 92, App. I Filomati
Demetrio, 65“6
decato, 107
Giorgio, 66
Demetrios Palaiologos, despot in the Morea,
¬‚ight, 47, 64, 73, 83, 106, 109“10, 141, 171“4, 183,
140“1, 190, 233“4, 252“4, 270“1, 277“83,
241, 250, 279, 281
286
from Constantinople to the Morea, 233
depopulation, 19, 99, 109, 180, 183, 186, 195, 222,
from Thessalonike to Constantinople, 53, 111
240“1, 275“6
of Gregory Mammas to Rome, 219
Dermoka¨tes, Demetrios Palaiologos, 269
±
of Michael Doukas to emirate of Ayd±n, 9
Dermoka¨tissa, Theodora Palaiologina, 169
±
to Italian territory, 55, 105, 214, 228, 233
devsirme, 87
¸
Didymoteichon, 25 to Ottomans, 49, 50, 105“6, 147“8, 150“2,
Diplobatatzes family, 283 180
to Pera, 126, 136“7, 150
Dishypatos
George, 211 to Venetian territory, 8, 49, 72“3, 150, 187,
John, 211 262“3, 273, 276, 283, 286, 288
Manuel, 211“12 Florence, 37, 211; see also Union of Florence
Doria, Zorzi, Genoese captain, 214 Florent of Hainault, prince of Achaia, 266
Dorotheos, metropolitan of Athens, 250“1 Florentines, 46, 235, 238; see also merchants,
Doukas, historian, 8“10, 30n32, 34n43, 48“9, Florentine
101, 105, 111, 115, 129n39, 132, 138“40, 143, food shortage, 19, 102, 105“6, 162, 222“4; see also
151, 184, 209, 216“17, 226 famine
Doukas, Michael, 9, 148n119 Fourth Crusade, 114, 248
Dragaˇ, Constantine, Serbian prince, 31 consequences, 21“4, 235
s
Draperiis family, 159 France, 33
Franks, 137, 184, 249, 284
Dubrovnik (Ragusa), 37, 75“6, 223; see also
merchants, Ragusan
Gabraina
Eirene, 168“9
Edirne, see Adrianople
Maria Hagiopetretissa, 168
Egypt, 195
Eliabourkos family, 265 see also churches, Gabraina
Gabras family, 228
archon in the Morea, 265, 267
Emo, Benedetto, bailo of Constantinople, 188 John, 168
England, 33, 181 Gabriel, metropolitan of Thessalonike, 53“4,
Enveri, 17 95“7, 114
Ephesus, 9, 145 Enkomion of, 84, 86, 90
Epibatai, fortress near Selymbria, 220 Galata, see Pera
Gallipoli, 10, 25, 27, 28, 34n42, 123“5, 206, 229
Epidauros, see Monemvasia
Gardiki, 282, 283
Ere˜ li, see Herakleia, in Thrace
g
gaza, gazi, 24“6
Euboea, see Negroponte
Eudaimonoioannes family, 263“4 Gazes family, 80n99, 82, App. I, App. II
archon in the Morea, 248, 264 George, merchant from Thessalonike, 81
mesazon in the Morea, 270“1 Theodore, emigr´ scholar in Italy, 220,
e
´
Nicholas, megas stratopedarches, 264 App. V(C)
Eudokimos, George, 177 Gelibolu, see Gallipoli
Eugenikos, John, 14, 217“18 Gemistos
Europe, 19, 21, 25, 242, 243 Andronikos, 269
western, 5, 12, 22, 28, 29, 31, 33“4, 36, 37, 52, Demetrios, 269, 271
115, 139, 160, 179“81, 188, 195, 218, 230, 231 see also Plethon, George Gemistos
343
Index
harac, 26, 30, 33, 36, 46, 64, 85“7, 93, 98, 121,
Gennadios II, patriarch of Constantinople, see
128, 199, 208, 254
Scholarios, George-Gennadios
Genoa, 20, 37, 68, 122, 135, 190, 215 Hayreddin Pasa, see Candarl± Hayreddin
¸ ¸
and the Ottomans, 189 Pasa
¸
John VII and, 131, 132, 134, 160, 215 Helleabourkos, see Eliabourkos family
Genoese, 9, 10, 23, 127, 159, 161, 188, 210, 238, Helos, 269
247 Henry IV, king of England, 181
Andronikos IV and, 120, 122, 125“7, 230 Herakleia, in Thrace, 129, 223
John VII and, 131, 136, 230 Hermeleia, 57, 59, 92
naturalized, 135, 215 Hexamilion, 72, 259“63, 265, 268, 271“3, 276,
278, 286
see also merchants, Genoese
Hodegetrianos, 178
Georgia, king of, 8
Hospitallers, of Rhodes, 34n42, 137, 188, 235,
Giagari, Manuel, 213; see also Iagaris, Manuel
257“8, 286
Palaiologos, senatorial archon; Iagaris,
Hungary, 28, 30, 35, 37, 124, 279
Manuel, client of Badoer
Hunyadi, John, 37
Gianitsa (Vardar Yenicesi), 101
Hyaleas family, 82, App. I, App. II
Giorgi, see Zorzi
Glabas, 126
Iagarina
Isidore, see Isidore Glabas, metropolitan of
Euphrosyne, archontissa, 212“13
Thessalonike
Philippa (daughter of Euphrosyne), 213
Goudeles family, 192, 193, 210“14
Iagaris family, 192, 212“14
Demetrios Palaiologos, 197, 212, App. IV
George, 134“5, 160“1, 166, 167, 197, 210, 215, Andronikos, senatorial archon, 212
Manuel Palaiologos, senatorial archon, 212; see
App. IV
John, 157“61, 210, 213 also Iagaris, Manuel, client of Badoer;
Manuel, 211; see also Chutela, Manoli Giagari, Manuel
Nicholas, 210“11 Manuel, client of Badoer, 212, App. III; see
tavernkeeper, fourteenth century, 210 also Iagaris, Manuel Palaiologos, senatorial
tavernkeeper, ¬fteenth century, 210 archon; Giagari, Manuel
Markos Palaiologos, 172, 212
Goudelina
Athanasia, 210, 213 Palaiologos, 212, App. III
Erigni, 210, 213 Ignatius of Smolensk, Russian pilgrim, 93n30,
grain, 19, 149“50, 155, 156, 160, 241; see also 137
Imbros, 10
barley; wheat
interest rates, 65, 70, 166“7, 180
Gregoras
interregnum, Ottoman, 7, 34, 102n58; see also
Demetrios Mamonas, 269
Nikephoros, historian, 20 civil wars, Ottoman, among Bayezid I™s
sons
Gregory III Mammas, patriarch of
Ioannina, 86
Constantinople, 217, 219
Isa Beg, Ayd±no˜ lu, 9
Gregory XI, pope, 120, 137 g
Ises, Michael Rhalles, 280“1
Grembeni, 252
Grevenon, fortress (Morea), 249, 251, 253 Isidore Glabas, metropolitan of Thessalonike,
13“14, 42, 43, 53“4, 69“70, 72, 76“9, 84“7,
Grimani, Pietro, 243“4
93, 97, 114
Isidore of Kiev, 9, 14, 219, 261
Hac±, Ottoman captive, 107
Italy, 20, 23, 105, 131, 137, 214, 233
Hagia Maria, village near Thessalonike, 59“60
Andronikos Iagaris in, 212
Hagia Sophia, see churches, St. Sophia
Hagioreitisa, Maria, 59 Byzantine aristocrats and, 135, 193, 197, 198,

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