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s
218, 279 Andronikos IV™s alliance with, 120, 122, 126,
127
Helena Kantakouzene, empress (wife of John
V), 121, 126, 257 associations of John VII and his partisans
with, 131, 136“7
Helena, daughter of Despot Demetrios
Palaiologos, 280 Constantinopolitan refugees in, 150
Maria, empress (wife of Andronikos IV, ¬‚ight of Despot Demetrios Palaiologos to,
mother of John VII), 134, 171 141, 278, 279
Theodora, 159, 161 Mehmed II™s concessions to, 86
Palaiologos, dynasty and family, 9, 95, 122, 140, podest` of, 210
a
192, 193, 213, 228, 229, 234, 246, App. III, Perdikares, Constantine, 165“6
Petriotes, merchant, 158
App. IV, App. V(A)
Alexios, 170, 179n122 Petro-Bua, Albanian chief, 283
Andronikos, 178 Phakrases, Demetrios, megas primikerios, 70, 80,
David, 178 App. I
Gabriel (I), 162 Phanarion, fortress (Morea), 269, 271
Gabriel (II), 162“3 Phaxenos, Manuel, 79, 80n99, App. I
Philadelphia, 19, 67n51, 129, 143, 145
George, mesazon, 282“3
Graginos, 214 Philanthropene
Eugenia Kantakouzene, 176
John, 162
Theodora Bouzene, 163
Manuel, 214, App. V(A)
Philanthropenos family, 198, 283, App. I,
Manuel Graginos, 214
Manuel, archon, 214, App. V(C) App. IV
Michael, 162“3 Alexios Angelos, caesar of Thessaly, 90, 94
Michael, archontopoulos, 168 George, mesazon, 213“14
tax-farmer, 229 Manuel, 178
Manuel (son of George, mesazon), 214
see also Andronikos IV Palaiologos, emperor;
Philip of Macedon, 45
Andronikos Palaiologos, despot;
Constantine XI Palaiologos, emperor; Philomates, see Filomati
348 Index
phloriatikon, 262n11, 269 Rhaoul/Rhalles family, 229“30, 281, 283,
Phokaia, 121“2 App. II, App. III
Phokas, priest, 171 George, 280
Manuel Palaiologos, 174“5
Phrankopoulina, sons of
Michael and Demetrios, 252“3, 270 Manuel, archon in the Morea, 283
Phrankopoulos family, 228, 251, 253, 283, Michael, 162
Thomas, 280
App. III
governor of Grevenon, 249, 253 see also Ises, Michael Rhalles
Rhosatas, John, 269
John, protostrator, katholikos mesazon,
generales, 252 Rhosotas, John, 75“6
Manuel, 251 Rodosto (Tekirda˜ ), 205; see also Rhaidestos
g
megas stratopedarches, 252 Rome, 12, 28, 33, 125, 219, 220
protostrator, 252 Church of, 14, 36, 184, 199, 213, 231; see also
Pidema, 282 papacy
pirates, 121, 245 Rumelia, 189
Turkish, 65, 240 Russia, 210, 230n187
plague, 186, 187, 195“6, 246; see also Black Death
Plato, 196, 275 sailors, 107, 205, 262, 276
St. Demetrios, 44n11, 84, 183n138
Platyskalites, 50, 69
moneychanger, 75 Saint Superan, Pierre Lebourd (Peter Bordo) de,
236
Plethon, George Gemistos, 14“15, 269, 271,
Salona, 277
274“6
Sarakinopoulos, protostrator, 249, 251, 253
Portarea, 91
Sarantenos, Nicholas, banker, 202, App. III
Potamia, village in Lankada (Morea), 270
Saruhan emirate, 25, 99
Potamios, Theodore, 146
Savc± Celebi, son of Murad I, 119“20
praktika, 99 ¸
Schiltberger, Johann, 15
Prebezianos
Nicholas, 79, 81, App. I Scholarios, George-Gennadios, 14, 216“17,
Petros, 79, App. I 219“20, 225, 232, 272“3
¨u
Prinikon, village (Morea), 269 Scutari (Usk¨ dar), 199, 201, 208
Prinkips family, 79, App. I Sebastopoulos, Nicholas, protostrator, mesazon,
Constantine, 57, 91 282
George (son of Constantine), 91, App. I Selymbria, 31, 129, 131, 133, 134, 137, 141, 160
pro¬teering, 69“70, 110“11, 157, 160, 161, 180, Serbia, 11, 19, 25, 27, 29, 31, 41, 57, 58, 74“6
Serres, 25, 61, 73, 81, 89, 93, 248
213
Proinokokokas, 282 meeting of Bayezid I and his Christian vassals
at, 30“1, 33, 242, 243, 245“7, 249, 256
pronoia, 19“20, 27, 89, 248
Sestos, 152
Pseudo-Phrantzes, 128, 222n154, 243n40, 252n72
Sgouromalles family, 283
Pusculo, Ubertino, 211
Palaiologos, 282
Pylles, Michael, 143“5
Sgouropoulos family, 228, App. V(C)
Pyropoulos, Thomas, 270
Jacob, 167
Michael, priest, 135
Quioca, Constantine, 230
¸
Sgouros, George, 228, App. V(B)
Sigeros, John, priest, 136
Ragusa, see Dubrovnik
Sigismund, king of Hungary, 30, 31
reaya, 275
Sikyon, 273, 286
Rentina, 64
Sinan Pasa, beylerbeyi of Rumeli, 86
Rhadarites, Andrew, priest, 135 ¸
Sisinios, George Moschopoulos, priest, 172
Rhadenos family, 61, 79, 80n99, App. III
ˇs
Siˇman, John III of Bulgaria, 30
counselor of Manuel II in Thessalonike, 60“1,
Skampavles, Demetrios, 60
81
George, 82, App. II Skiathos, island, 33
John, 79, 82, App. I, App. II Skopelos, island, 33
Stephanos Doukas, 79, App. I Skorta, 278“9
Rhaidestos, 129; see also Rodosto (Tekirda˜ ) Skyros, island, 33
g
349
Index
Sophianos family, 167, 192, 263“5, 283, App. III Theodore I Palaiologos, despot of the Morea, 13,
archon in the Morea (I), 248, 264 31, 46, 122, 236“40, 242“5, 247“51, 253“60,
archon in the Morea (II), 283, 284 263, 267, 286
banker, 157 Theodore II Palaiologos, despot of the Morea,
14, 252, 259, 260, 263, 264, 268“9, 271, 272,
John, banker, 202, App. III
274, 275
Nicholas, 175, 197, App. III, App. IV
Spartenos family, 79 Theodotos, superior of Pantokrator/Blatadon
monastery, 96“7
Theodore Doukas, 79, 80n99, App. I
Thermesion, 257
Sphrantzes
Thessalonike, 11, 13, 19, 22, 24, 33, 117, 160“2,
archon in the Morea, 283
179, 186, 198, 202, 227, 231, 232, 285“8
George, historian, 8“9, 141, 222, 246, 252, 265,
and Bayezid I, 30, 86“7, 89“90, 248
270“1, 278“80, 282
and Manuel II, 7, 13, 32, 39, 44“7, 130, 238
John (son of George, historian), 9
and Mehmed I, 56, 73
Spitali, 252
and Musa Celebi, 47, 49, 64, 72“3
Spyridon family, 158, 176“7 ¸
Asomatoi quarter, 62
Stoudios, fortress, 220
Genoese consul in, 68
Strymon, 36n48, 88, 89
Jewish community in, 108
S¨ leyman Celebi, son of Bayezid I, 33“5,
u ¸
Ottoman kadi in, 101“2, 104
100
privileges of, 44“5
Surgat, 204
Symbolon (Cembalo), 158 under Ottoman rule: ¬rst Ottoman
domination, 25, 26, 84“102, 113, 239, 249;
Symeon of Thessalonike, 13“14, 42“4, 47“50,
Murad II™s siege and capture, 11, 35, 52, 205
52“3, 56, 62, 69“73, 76“9, 83, 87“8, 103“4,
under Venetian rule, 49“51, 82“3, 103“14, 174,
106, 110
218
Synadene
Eirene, 168 Venetian consulate in, 66“7
Theodora, 176 see also churches; monasteries
Synadenos, family, 192, App. III; see also Astras, Thessaly, 25, 31, 37, 39, 90, 249, 251, 256, 278
Michael (Synadenos) Thomas Palaiologos, despot in the Morea,
Syria, 195 233“4, 254, 270, 277“83
Syropoulos, Sylvester, 14, 279 Thrace, 19, 21, 25, 27, 28, 41, 130, 131, 202, 240,
242, 247
Tafur, Pero, 15, 195“6 t±mar, 27, 89“90, 100, 102, 248
Timur (Tamerlane), 32, 33, 143, 181, 182, 258
tahrir defters, 17n55, 89, 99, 101n57
Talapas, Demetrios, kastrophylax, 80, App. I Tocco
Carlo I, count of Cephalonia, 257
Tana, 75, 215
Leonardo II, count of Cephalonia, 267
Tarchaneiotes family, 79, 82, App. I, App. II
Jacob, 165 treaties
between Theodore I and Venice (1394), 251,
Taroneites, Manuel, 134
257
Tatars, 205“6
Byzantine“Genoese (1382), 30, 130
tavernkeepers, 156, 159, 210
taxes, 26, 64, 98“9, 107“8, 110, 128, 139, 178, 273, Byzantine“Ottoman (c. 1373), 29“30, 119,
276 120
commercial, 68, 223 Byzantine“Ottoman (1403), 33“5, 39, 98,
evasion of, 42, 253“4, 262, 276 100“1
for defense purposes, 72, 178, 225, 269, 270; Byzantine“Ottoman (1424), 35“6, 190, 199,
208“9
see also angariae; phloriatikon
Byzantine“Venetian (1406), 196, 212
Plethon on, 274
Byzantine“Venetian (1418 and 1423), 212
Tedaldi, Jacopo, 15
Venetian“Navarrese (1382 and 1387), 238
Tenedos, 121, 122, 125“6, 244
Venetian“Ottoman (1426 and 1427), 102
Terkova, village (Morea), 266
Trebizond, 8, 38n55, 93n29, 150n7
Thalassene, Kale, 60
tribute, see harac
Thamar, daughter of George Sphrantzes,
Turahan Beg, Ottoman commander, 272, 273,
historian, 9
278“9
Thasos, 10
350 Index
Turks, 9, 19, 27, 49, 65, 71, 95“7, 120, 151, 152, Vatika, 248
157, 181, 201, 206, 229, 237, 240, 253, 278, Venerio, Francesco, 214
283, 287 Venetians, 10, 11, 23, 54, 127, 131, 144, 155, 193,
image of, 208 210, 214, 218, 223, 225, 235, 247, 281, 283
naturalized, 61, 66, 135, 228“9
see also Ayd±n emirate; Mentese emirate;
¸
Venice, 19, 20, 29, 33, 35, 37, 40, 46, 50, 62, 75,
Ottomans; Saruhan emirate
83, 122, 125“7, 135, 149, 150n7, 154, 197, 198,
Tursun Beg, 17, 226
205, 214“16, 221, 238, 239, 244, 247
Tzamplakon
Verzani, village near Serres, 89
Arsenios, megas papias, 125n25
Villehardouin, William II, prince of Achaia, 248,
Kydonides, 282
264
panhypersebastos, 125
Tzetarioi, 50, 112
Wallachia, 74, 164
Tzouroulene, Theodoule, 158, 175
wealth, hoarding of, 71“2, 77, 115, 226
Tzykandyles
Andronikos Doukas, 79, App. I West, the, see Europe, western
wheat, 81, 105“7, 110“1, 131, 158“9, 172, 222,
George Doukas, 79, App. I
271
merchant from Thessalonike, 81
price of, 152“4, 157
Philip, 134
Turkish, 102
Tzympe, 25
see also grain
wine, 62“3, 111, 156, 159, 176, 210, 223
Umur Beg, Ayd±no˜ lu, 20
g
Cretan, 210
union, ecclesiastical, 9, 12, 18, 28, 33, 36“7, 228,
231“2, 264, 286
Thessalonike and, 46, 52, 53, 114 Yahsi Fakih, 16
¸
Union of Florence, 9, 14, 36“7, 141, 184, 185, Yakub Pasa, Ottoman commander, 241
¸
191“2, 203, 209“21, 231, 278“9 Y¨ r¨ ks, 99“100
uu
Urban VI, pope, 46
Urban, Hungarian cannon-maker, 224 Zaccaria, John Asen, 282
¨u Zealot movement, 42, 44
Usk¨ dar, see Scutari
Zerbalo, 60
vak±f, 90, 100 Zonklon (Old Navarino), 238

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