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. 3
( 8 .)



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ï®ò°åáí®±òå© â í®â»µ ï°®¤óêòൠ(¬íåíèÿ ò®°ã®â»µ àãåíò®â,
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l Ï°®ãí®§ ‘ ¬åíåå âå°®ÿòåí, ·å¬ ‚, ·ò® ±âÿ§àí® ± â»±®ê®© ±òåïåíüþ
íå®ï°å¤å«¸íí®±òè ®áú¸¬®â ï°®¤à¦ í®â»µ ï°®¤óêò®â íà í®â»µ
°»íêàµ; ï°è ýò®¬ ®·åíü â»±®êà ±òåïåíü °è±êà ﮫó·èòü ¤®µ®¤
§íà·èòå«üí® íè¦å ï«àíè°ó嬮ã®

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‘®±òàâ«åíèå áþ¤¦åòà ï°®¤à¦

l Áþ¤¦åò ï°®¤à¦ - ýò® ïå°â»© è ±à¬»© âà¦í»© øàã â
±®±òàâ«åíèè ®±í®âí®ã® áþ¤¦åòà; ®öåíêà ®áú¸¬à ï°®¤à¦
â«èÿåò íà â±å ï®±«å¤óþùèå áþ¤¦åò»

l Áþ¤¦åò ï°®¤à¦ ¤®«¦åí ®ò°à¦àòü ¬å±ÿ·í»© è«è êâà°òà«üí»©
®áú¸¬ ï°®¤à¦ â íàòó°à«üí»µ è â ±ò®è¬®±òí»µ ï®êà§àòå«ÿµ

l Áþ¤¦åò ï°®¤à¦ ±®±òàâ«ÿåò±ÿ ± ó·¸ò®¬: ó°®âíÿ ±ï°®±à íà
ï°®¤óêöèþ ꮬïàíèè, ãå®ã°àôèè ±á»òà, êàòåã®°è©
ï®êóïàòå«å©, ±å§®íí»µ ôàêò®°®â



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Áþ¤¦åò ï°®¤à¦

l Áþ¤¦åò ï°®¤à¦ âê«þ·àåò â ±åáÿ ®¦è¤à嬻© ¤åíå¦í»© ï®ò®ê
®ò ï°®¤à¦, ê®ò®°»© â ¤à«üíå©øå¬ áó¤åò âê«þ·¸í è â
¤®µ®¤íóþ ·à±òü áþ¤¦åòà ï®ò®êà ¤åíå¦í»µ ±°å¤±òâ

l „«ÿ ï°®ãí®§à ¤åíå¦í»µ ï®±òóï«åíè© ®ò ï°®¤à¦ íå®áµ®¤è¬®
ó·èò»âàòü ê®ýôôèöèåíò» èíêà±±àöèè, ê®ò®°»å ï®ê৻âàþò,
êàêàÿ ·à±òü ®òã°ó¦åíí®© ï°®¤óêöèè áó¤åò ®ï«à·åíà â ïå°â»©
¬å±ÿö (¬å±ÿö ®òã°ó§êè), â® âò®°®© è ò.¤., ± ó·¸ò®¬
áå§íस¦í»µ ¤®«ã®â

l Ï®¬íèòå, ·ò® ¤à¦å íå§íà·èòå«üí®å ®òê«®íåíèå
§àï«àíè°®âàíí®ã® ®áú¸¬à ï°®¤à¦ ®ò ôàêòè·å±ê®ã®
¬®¦åò ï°èâå±òè ê ±å°ü¸§í»¬ ®òê«®íåíèÿ¬ ®±í®âí®ã®
áþ¤¦åòà ®ò ôàêòà
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26
˜àã 1.à Áþ¤¦åò ï°®¤à¦ íà 1996 ã.

(â ¬«í. °óá.)

1995 ã.
Íàè¬åí®âàíèå 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1996 ã.
(ôàêò)
Çàï«àíè°®âàíí»å ï°®¤à¦è, (å¤.)

- ý«åêò°®èí±ò°ó¬åíò 170,000 10,000 9,000 12,000 15,000 16,000 16,000 18,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 196,000

- ïíå⬮èí±ò°ó¬åíò 10,000 500 2,000 1,000 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 17,000

- °óêàâà 270,000 18,000 17,000 13,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 138,000

–åíà §à å¤èíèöó, (ò»±. °óá./å¤.)

- ý«åêò°®èí±ò°ó¬åíò 120 170 173 176 180 184 188 192 196 200 204 208 212 190

- ïíå⬮èí±ò°ó¬åíò 200 250 255 260 265 270 275 281 287 293 299 305 311 279

- °óêàâà 30 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 56

Çàï«àíè°®âàíí»å ï°®¤à¦è, (¬«í. °óá.)
- ý«åêò°®èí±ò°ó¬åíò 20,400 1,700 1,557 2,112 2,700 2,944 3,008 3,456 3,920 4,000 4,080 4,160 4,240 37,877

- ïíå⬮èí±ò°ó¬åíò 2,000 125 510 260 398 405 413 422 431 440 449 458 467 4,778

- °óêàâà 8,100 900 867 676 530 540 550 560 570 580 590 600 610 7,573

‚‘…ÃÎ ï°®¤à¦è, (¬«í. °óá.) 30,500 2,725 2,934 3,048 3,628 3,889 3,971 4,438 4,921 5,020 5,119 5,218 5,317 50,228

* –åí» íà ï°®¤óêò» ï«àíè°óþò±ÿ ± ó·åò®¬ ®¦è¤à嬮© èíô«ÿöèè ( 2% â ¬å±ÿö )




’åµíèêà Ýôôåêòèâí®ã® Ìåí夦¬åíòà
Carana Corporation\USAID\ЖÏ
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27
˜àã 1.á ðàôèê ®¦è¤à嬻µ ï®±òóï«åíè©
¤åíå¦í»µ ±°å¤±òâ ®ò ï°®¤à¦
(â ¬«í. °óá.)

1995 ã.
Íàè¬åí®âàíèå 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1996 ã.
(ôàêò)
αòàò®ê ¤åáèò®°±ê®© §à¤®«¦åíí®±òè íà
5,907 5,898 6,156 6,442 6,767 7,058 7,596 8,226 8,613 8,948 9,288 9,633
6,300 9,633
*
ê®íåö ïå°è®¤à, (¬«í. °óá.)
‘ó¬¬à §à¤®«¦åíí®±òè ê ï®ãàøåíèþ â
2,300 700
**
òåêóùå¬ ïå°è®¤å, (¬«í.°óá.)
Ï®±òóï«åíèå ®ò ï°®¤à¦ êত®ã®
***
¬å±ÿöà, (¬«í. °óá.):
1 818 1,363 409 2,590
2 880 1,467 440 2,787
3 914 1,814 583 3,311
4 1,088 1,814 544 3,446
5 1,167 1,945 583 3,695
6 1,191 1,986 596 3,773
7 1,331 2,219 666 4,216
8 1,476 2,461 738 4,675
9 1,506 2,510 753 4,769
10 1,536 2,560 768 4,864
11 1,565 2,609 4,174
12 1,595 1,595

‚‘…ÃÎ ï®±òóï«åíè©, (¬«í. °óá.) 28,200 3,118 2,943 2,790 3,342 3,564 3,680 3,900 4,291 4,633 4,784 4,878 4,972 46,895

* αòàò®ê ¤åáèò®°±ê®© §à¤®«¦åíí®±òè íà ê®íåö ã®¤à ± ó·åò®¬ áå§íà¤å¦í»µ ¤®«ã®â è ïå°åµ®¤ÿùèµ ®±òàòê®â ï°å¤»¤óùå㮠㮤à
** ȧ ®±òàòêà ¤åáèò®°±ê®© §à¤®«¦åíí®±òè 1995 㮤à (6.300 ¬«í.) ®¦è¤àåò±ÿ ê ﮫó·åíèþ 2.300 ¬«í. â ÿíâà°å è 700 ¬«í. â ôåâ°à«å
*** 30% ï°®¤à¦ ®ï«à·èâàþò±ÿ â ò®¬ ¦å ¬å±ÿöå, 50% è 15% ï°®¤à¦ ®ï«à·èâàþò±ÿ â ï®±«å¤óþùèµ ¬å±ÿöൠ±®®òâåò±âåíí®, ®±òàâøèå±ÿ
5% ï°å¤±òàâ«ÿþò áå§íà¤å¦í»å ê ⧻±êàíèþ ¤®«ãè

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Áþ¤¦åò ꮬ¬å°·å±êèµ °à±µ®¤®â

l Ðà±·¸ò ꮬ¬å°·å±êèµ °à±µ®¤®â (°åê«à¬à, ꮬ豱è®íí»å
ò®°ã®â»µ àãåíò®â, ò°àí±ï®°òí»å ó±«óãè) ¤®«¦åí ±®®òí®±èòü±ÿ
± ®áú¸¬®¬ ï°®¤à¦

l Íå ±«å¤óåò ®¦è¤àòü óâå«è·åíèÿ ®áú¸¬à ï°®¤à¦,
®¤í®â°å¬åíí® ï«àíè°óÿ ó¬åíüøåíèå ôèíàí±è°®âàíèÿ
¬å°®ï°èÿòè©, íàï°àâ«åíí»µ íà ±òè¬ó«è°®âàíèå ±á»òà

l Á®«üøèí±òâ® §àò°àò íà ±á»ò ï°®¤óêöèè ï«àíè°óåò±ÿ â
ï°®öåíòí®¬ ®òí®øåíèè ê ®áú¸¬ó ï°®¤à¦, è±ê«þ·åíèå ¬®ãóò
±®±òàâ«ÿòü à°åí¤í»å ï«àòå¦è §à ±ê«à¤±êèå ﮬåùåíèÿ.
‚å«è·èíà ï«àíè°ó嬮㮠ﰮöåíòà §àâè±èò ®ò ¦è§íåíí®ã®
öèê«à ï°®¤óêöèè


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Áþ¤¦åò ꮬ¬å°·å±êèµ °à±µ®¤®â

l Ê®¬¬å°·å±êèå °à±µ®¤» ¬®ãóò ã°óïïè°®âàòü±ÿ ï® ¬í®ãè¬ ê°èòå°èÿ¬,
®±í®âí»¬è è§ ê®ò®°»µ ÿâ«ÿþò±ÿ: òèï» ï°®¤óêöèè, òèï» ï®êóïàòå«å©,
ãå®ã°àôèÿ ±á»òà

l Çíà·èòå«üíóþ ·à±òü ꮬ¬å°·å±êèµ °à±µ®¤®â ±®±òàâ«ÿþò §àò°àò» íà
°åê«à¬ó è ï°®¤âè¦åíèå ò®âà°®â íà °»í®ê; ï®ýò®¬ó ®òâåò±òâåíí»©
è±ï®«íèòå«ü (®á»·í® ¤è°åêò®° ï® ¬à°êåòèíãó) ¤®«¦åí ·¸òê®
®ï°å¤å«èòü ã¤å, ê®ã¤à è êàê ¤®«¦íà á»òü ï°®âå¤åíà °åê«à¬íàÿ
êà¬ïàíèÿ è ±ê®«üê® ï®ò°àòèòü íà íåå, ·ò®á» ¤®±òè·ü ¬àê±è¬à«üí®©
â»ã®¤» ï°è ¬èíè¬à«üí»µ §àò°àòàµ

l Ï°è ±®±òàâ«åíèè áþ¤¦åòà ꮬ¬å°·å±êèµ °à±µ®¤®â òàê¦å íå®áµ®¤è¬®
⻤å«ÿòü §àò°àò» íà óïàê®âêó, ò°àí±ï®°òè°®âêó, ±ò°àµ®âàíèå,
µ°àíåíèå, ±ê«à¤è°®âàíèå ò®âà°®â


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30
˜àã 2. Áþ¤¦åò ꮬ¬å°·å±êèµ °à±µ®¤®â íà 1996 ã.

(â ¬«í. °óá.)
1995 ã.
Íàè¬åí®âàíèå 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1996 ã.
(ôàêò)
Çàï«àíè°®âàíí»å ï°®¤à¦è, (â ¬«í. °óá.) 30,500 2,725 2,934 3,048 3,628 3,889 3,971 4,438 4, 921 5,020 5,119 5,218 5,317 50,228

‘òàâêè ïå°å¬åíí»µ ꮬ¬å°·å±êèµ
°à±µ®¤®â íà °óá«ü ï°®¤à¦, (%)
Ê®¬è±±è®íí»å
„®±òàâêà ±®á±òâåíí»¬ ò°àí±ï®°ò®¬ 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0% 1.0%
Ï°å¬èà«üí»å 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5% 0.5%
Ï°®·èå ïå°å¬åíí»å °à±µ®¤» 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1%
èò®ã®
Ï«àíè°ó嬻å ïå°å¬åíí»å 44 47 49 58 62 64 71 79 80 82 83 85 804
ꮬ¬å°·å±êèå °à±µ®¤», (¬«í. °óá.)
ï«þ±
Ï«àíè°ó嬻å ï®±ò®ÿíí»å
30 31 31 32 32 33 34 34 35 35 36 37 400
ꮬ¬å°·å±êèå °à±µ®¤», (¬«í. °óá.),
â ò.·:
Ðåê«à¬à è ï°®¤âè¦åíèå ò®âà°à
Ìà°êåòèíã
Îê«à¤» ò®°ã®â»µ àãåíò®â 10.0 10.2 10.4 10.6 10.8 11.0 11.2 11.4 11.6 11.8 12.0 12.2 133
Ê®¬àí¤è°®â®·í»å °à±µ®¤» 15.0 15.3 15.6 15.9 16.2 16.5 16.8 17.1 17.4 17.7 18.1 18.5 200
Ï°®·èå ï®±ò®ÿíí»å °à±µ®¤» 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1 67
èò®ã®
Îáùèå ï«àíè°ó嬻å ꮬ¬å°·å±êèå 74 78 80 90 94 97 105 113 115 117 119 122 1,204
°à±µ®¤», (¬«í. °óá.)
*
¬èíó±
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 60
ମ°òè§àöèÿ, (¬«í. °óá.)
èò®ã®
Ê â»ï«àòå ï® ê®¬¬å°·å±êè¬ 69 73 75 85 89 92 100 108 110 112 114 117 1,144
°à±µ®¤à¬, (¬«í. °óá.)
* ê §àò°àòଠíå òåêóùåã® ïå°è®¤à ®òí®±ÿò±ÿ ବ®°òè§àöè®íí»å ®ò·è±«åíèÿ, à òàê¦å °à±µ®¤», ®ï«à·åíí»å °àíåå è«è ï°å¤±ò®ÿùèå
ê ®ï«àòå â áó¤óùèµ ïå°è®¤àµ
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Áþ¤¦åò ï°®è§â®¤±òâà

l Áþ¤¦åò ï°®è§â®¤±òâà - ýò® ï«àí â»ïó±êà ï°®¤óêöèè â
íàòó°à«üí»µ ï®êà§àòå«ÿµ

l Áþ¤¦åò ï°®è§â®¤±òâà ±®±òàâ«ÿåò±ÿ è±µ®¤ÿ è§ áþ¤¦åòà
ï°®¤à¦; ®í ó·èò»âàåò ï°®è§â®¤±òâåíí»å ¬®ùí®±òè,
óâå«è·åíèå è«è ó¬åíüøåíèå §àïà±®â (áþ¤¦åò
ï°®è§â®¤±òâåíí»µ §àïà±®â), à òàê¦å âå«è·èíó âíåøíèµ
§àêóï®ê

l Íå®áµ®¤è¬»© ®áú¸¬ â»ïó±êà ï°®¤óêöèè ®ï°å¤å«ÿåò±ÿ êàê
ï°å¤ï®«àãà嬻© §àïà± ã®ò®â®© ï°®¤óêöèè íà ê®íåö ïå°è®¤à
ï«þ± ®áú¸¬ ï°®¤à¦ §à ¤àíí»© ïå°è®¤ è ¬èíó± §àïà± ã®ò®â®©
ï°®¤óêöèè íà íà·à«® ïå°è®¤à


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32
˜àã 3. Áþ¤¦åò ï°®è§â®¤±òâà íà 1996 ã.
(â å¤èíèöàµ)

1995 ã.
Íàè¬åí®âàíèå 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1996 ã.
(ôàêò)
Çàï«àíè°®âàíí»å ï°®¤à¦è, (å¤.)
- ý«åêò°®èí±ò°ó¬åíò 10,000 9,000 12,000 15,000 16,000 16,000 18,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 196,000
- ïíå⬮èí±ò°ó¬åíò 500 2,000 1,000 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 1,500 17,000
- °óêàâà 18,000 17,000 13,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 138,000
ï«þ±
Æå«à嬻© §àïà± ã®ò®â®© ï°®¤óêöèè
*
íà ê®íåö ïå°è®¤à, (å¤.)
- ý«åêò°®èí±ò°ó¬åíò 900 1,200 1,500 1,600 1,600 1,800 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
- ïíå⬮èí±ò°ó¬åíò 200 100 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150
- °óêàâà 1,700 1,300 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
¬èíó±
Çàï«àíè°®âàíí»© §àïà± ï°®¤óêöèè
**
íà íà·à«® ïå°è®¤à, (å¤.)
- ý«åêò°®èí±ò°ó¬åíò 1,000 900 1,200 1,500 1,600 1,600 1,800 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
- ïíå⬮èí±ò°ó¬åíò 50 200 100 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150
- °óêàâà 1,800 1,700 1,300 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000
èò®ã®

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. 3
( 8 .)



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